William J. Dodd

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WJDodd cameo, c. 1900.[1]
T. Hoyt Gamble House. Old Louisville Historic District. One of Dodd's final Louisville residential designs from 1912.

Overview[edit]

William James Dodd (1862–1930) was an American architect and designer who worked mainly in Louisville, Kentucky from 1886 through the end of 1912 and in Los Angeles, California from early 1913[2] until his death. Dodd rose from the so-called First Chicago School of architecture, though of greater influence for his mature designs was the classical aesthetic of the Beaux-Arts style ascendant after the Chicago World's Columbian Exposition of 1893. His design work also included functional and decorative architectural glass and ceramics, furniture, home appliances, and literary illustration.

In a prodigious career lasting more than 40 years, Dodd left many structures that are still standing on both east and west coasts and in the midwest and upper south, among the best known of these being the original Presbyterian Seminary campus (now Jefferson Community & Technical College), the Weissinger-Gaulbert Apartments, and the old YMCA building, all three in downtown Louisville facing Broadway. Also notable are his numerous residential and ecclesiastical designs, restored and in continuous use in Kentucky and Tennessee. In California, examples of his extant work include the Pacific Center and Hearst's Los Angeles Herald-Examiner Building in downtown Los Angeles and the San Gabriel Mission Playhouse south of Pasadena as well as residences across Los Angeles, in the Pacific Palisades, in Altadena and more distantly in Palm Springs. Some of the earliest attributed and oldest designs of his career may be found in Hyde Park, Chicago.

Early years[edit]

Art glass window with tulip-lotus on water motif. T. Hoyt Gamble House, Louisville, KY (1912)
Major L. W. Mckee house, Lawrenceburg, Kentucky. One of Dodd's first residential designs in Kentucky, 1886. Click on picture to enlarge.
Dodd's earliest identified design: a cottage for W. I. Beman on Blackstone Ave. Hyde Park, Chicago. 1886. Click on picture to enlarge.

William J. Dodd was born in Quebec City, Canada, in 1862.[3] Prior to emigrating from Canada to the United States and Chicago Illinois, William's English/Welsh father, Edward, was an inn keeper and before that a wharfinger, and his Irish mother, Mary Dinning, was a school teacher[3] and dressmaker.[4][5] In 1869, the family of six, then including daughters Jane (Jenny) Dinning and Elizabeth Ann (Lizzie), and sons Edward Jr. and William James, moved to Chicago.[6] The 1870 Chicago Directory gives the first known address for the Dodds on south Des Plaines near the original site of the Old St. Patrick's Church. In 1871, the ill-timed move of the Dodd household to West Harrison Street in Ward 9 placed them in the path of the great Chicago fire during October of the same year.[7]

Dodd received his earliest training in drawing and design in the office studio[8] of Chicago architect William Le Baron Jenney, c. 1877–1879,[9][10] and his first employment from 1880[11][12] into mid 1883[13] appears to be for the Pullman Car Company as a draftsman of architect Solon Spencer Beman's designs for the planned city of Pullman, Illinois now the Pullman National Monument.[14] Dodd's social life in Pullman was marked with athletic participation on the first Pullman competitive rowing crew.[15][16][17] As a member of the Pullman Rowing Club and the Pullman Pleasure Club he was often mentioned in the press accounts of fetes and dance parties that he coordinated for the young elites of Pullman and Hyde Park.[18][19][20] This sporting sociability is not merely incidental to Dodd but returns as an important feature of his later life in Louisville, with his membership in the Pendennis Club and Louisville Country Club, and in Los Angeles with his co-founding of The Uplifters Club, an offshoot of the Los Angeles Athletic Club.

In November 1889, William married Ione Estes of Memphis, TN.[21] The marriage produced no children. Ione was from a large family of some political and historical importance in post-Reconstruction era Tennessee and in the Upland South region.[22][23] It is not yet determined what was the religious practice, if any, of William and Ione after marriage. Ione was Presbyterian, and their marriage was officiated by a Presbyterian minister.[24] William was christened in the Methodist Church, the religious denomination of his mother.[25][26][27]

There are still many uncertainties in Dodd's biography. Although naturalized in 1869 upon entering the United States, from the 1890s onward Dodd identifies as Chicago-born,[28] doing so, Jay Gatsby-like, in all kinds of public documents.[29][30] In an 1897 interview with a reporter for the newspaper Louisville Courier-Journal[31] W. J. Dodd left the reporter, and thus posterity, with the impression that he was a native Chicagoan, that he graduated from "the Chicago schools"[32] and had been in the first graduating class of the Chicago Art Institute. The archives of the Institute do not yet support this claim.[33][34] Similarly unclear is precisely when Dodd began his professional practice in Louisville. The year usually offered in the histories of Kentucky architects (from Withey to Hedgepeth,[35] to Kleber,[36] to Luhan, Domer and Mohney[37]) for Dodd's arrival in Louisville is 1884, based upon the aforementioned 1897 Courier-Journal article. In contrast, around this same time, Inland Architect tracks Dodd taking employment as an architect with the Northern Pacific Railway[38][39] upon recommendation by S. S. Beman and moving to the rail company's office in Portland Oregon only to return to Chicago (Hyde Park) and employment with the Beman brothers (S. S. and W. I.) by the end of 1885 after the collapse of the Northern Pacific's leadership and its reorganization. Contrary to what was reported in the previously cited 1897 newspaper interview, there is yet no evidence that Dodd was ever employed by McKim, Mead and White in New York; however, if the employment happened it may have been related to Dodd's brief time in Portland and plans by the Railway to build the Portland Union Station. The journal Inland Architect of February 1886 announced Dodd's imminent departure from Chicago to begin a partnership with Oscar C. Wehle of Louisville, saying: "Mr Dodd will [soon] be a valuable addition to the architects of Louisville". By September 1886 Dodd is cited as partner with Oscar Wehle for the design of "a magnificent three story brown stone residence" in Louisville.[40] In November 1886, Dodd was elected to membership in the Western Association of Architects, or WAA, his home city being given as Louisville.[41] Dodd first appears as a resident, a boarder, in Louisville in the 1887 Caron's Louisville Directory, and in February of same year, a trade journal cites "Wehle & Dodd, architects, of Louisville."[42] In December 1887, the Courier-Journal newspaper gives the partnership office in Louisville as "s.e. cor. Fifth and Main"[43] The American Institute of Architects (AIA) Historical Directory of American Architects has held that Dodd did not join the AIA national organization when the WAA merged with it in 1889, and he not affiliating with the AIA until 1916[44] despite Dodd's listing in membership with the Louisville Chapter of the AIA in 1912[45] and in the Southern California chapter in 1915.[46]

Career[edit]

The John P. Starks House, c. 1898, designed by W. J. Dodd & Arthur Cobb in Old Louisville's St. James Court.[35]

Dodd spent nearly 27 years in Louisville. During this time his professional partners were Oscar C. Wehle, Mason Maury (1889–1896), Arthur Cobb, and Kenneth McDonald. Also, Dodd's output from these years contained many free-lance projects, and in at least one case Dodd teamed with Ohio architect Frank Mills Andrews.[47] He worked throughout Kentucky and across the midwest, specifically Illinois,[48][49] Indiana,[50] and Tennessee,[51][52] creating structures of exceptional craftsmanship and high style, designs which traced the transitional tastes and technologies of the period leading up to Modernism. On the east coast, extant Dodd structures from the early 1890s can be found in Virginia, in the historic Ghent (Norfolk) neighborhood.[53]

On Christmas Day 1912[54] Dodd departed the midwest to continue his profession in the greater Los Angeles area, a period lasting until his death there in June 1930.[55] Upon arrival in Los Angeles, Dodd immediately partnered with J. Martyn Haenke (1877–1963), but only briefly, through October 1913.[56] After a year of free lance, Dodd teamed with William Richards (1871–1945), his longest professional partnership, from 1915 until his death.[57]

In southern California, "the Southland", Dodd's buildings are to be found in the old downtown financial district around Pacific Center, above Hollywood in Laughlin Park and Hancock Park, to the west in Rustic Canyon, Playa Del Rey and Long Beach, southeast to San Gabriel, and northeast in Altadena. Related to Dodd's Los Angeles work are residences in Oak Glen[58] and Palm Springs, California.

From as early as 1893, and to the end of his life, Dodd was a mentor to talented younger designers who were new to the profession, designers with now well-known names like Lloyd Wright,[59] Thomas Chalmers Vint,[60] and Adrian Wilson,[61] often outsiders without a developed practice and contending with a new client base and fast evolving licensing standards in cities enjoying rapid expansion as was Louisville after the American Civil War and Los Angeles after World War I. The architect Julia Morgan, a mostly free-lance upstate California designer from San Francisco,[62] rare as a female in a male-dominated profession, formed a team with W. J. Dodd and J. M. Haenke as her LA facilitators and design partners for William Randolph Hearst's Los Angeles Herald-Examiner Building, a landmark downtown Los Angeles project completed in 1915.[63]

William Dodd's design work extended to glass and ceramics. His designs of Teco pottery[64] are among the most sought-after and rare of the Arts and Crafts movement products introduced by the Gates Potteries near Chicago Illinois. He also designed furniture and art glass windows for many of his best residential and commercial buildings;[65] examples of such work by Dodd are to be seen in the Ferguson Mansion, currently the Filson Historical Society, and the Hoyt Gamble house, both of Louisville.

Civic and cultural involvement[edit]

Cartoon from 1922 Uplifters Club Yearbook

Dodd was an amateur musical and theatrical performer. For public and private occasions he was known to sing popular airs and, as well, provide recitations of Irish, Welsh & German verse; his effective ear for the Irish Gaelic pronunciation was remarked upon. He served on the founding boards of the Louisville Symphony Orchestra (1908)[66] and the Louisville Art Association (1909),[67] now Louisville Visual Art, and he was a member of dramatic societies in both Louisville and Los Angeles.[68] From 1916 to 1919 he served on the board of directors of the Los Angeles Symphony Orchestra,[69][70][71] this latter organization being the predecessor of the LA Philharmonic, and he was a mover and shaker in the Los Angeles Gamut Club, an exclusively male music fraternity. In 1918, the journal Pacific Coast Musical Review said "It seems Mr. Dodd has the knack of making artists and others do what he wants them to" and nicknamed Dodd "the Mayor of Seventh Street",[72] presumably a reference to the theater and vaudeville district of old Los Angeles.[73] From 1917 until his death he served on the California State Board of Examiners. In early 1930 he joined the newly founded International Deserts Conservation League as an advisory board member.[74]

Death[edit]

William became acutely ill while traveling abroad with his wife in the spring of 1930, returning home without Ione in early May[75] and dying at Los Angeles on June 14, 1930, in Hollywood Hospital. Cause of death: lymphocytic leukemia with hypostatic pneumonia.[76] The funeral was postponed until June 28, 1930, upon the return of Ione from Europe,[77] his last rites and burial conducted at Forest Lawn Cemetery, Glendale, Little Church of the Flowers.[78] Obituary notices of June 15, 23, 27 and 28 make no mention of any religious facilitation of Dodd's obsequies. For enlarged context on Dodd's religious affiliation, see the "Early Years" section above. Ione lived on, accompanied by two widowed sisters Kate & Sallie, in California. Death came for Ione in February 1950 as a patient at Camarillo State Mental Hospital, per death certificate.

Areas for further research: folklore and unexamined anecdotes [edit]

[Under construction and review]

1. Why did Dodd not stay in Chicago and pursue a career there?

2. Was Dodd actually employed by the firm McKim, Mead and White? If so, was it in New York or in Portland OR?

3. Did Dodd leave Louisville for California under professional or personal opprobrium?[79] Local lore describes him as a gadfly.

4. Ione Estes Dodd made frequent visits to homeopathic sanatoria/baths,[80] though not uncommon for people of her class. She lived into her late 80s and suffered from end-of-life dementia (psychosis).[81] There is also local lore from California that she had a breakdown of a sort in public, consequent to William's death and the liquidation of their assets during the early years of the Great Depression. Does the historic record offer a larger frame for viewing these particulars?

5. Did Dodd's relationship with Jews and Judaism transcend a merely professional disinterest?

Beautiful New Home in St. James Court. Mantel in library of WJ Dodd's last residence in Louisville featuring a central, prominent Star of David.[82] Click on pic to enlarge.

Extant designs[edit]

Pacific Mutual Life Building, Los Angeles (in 2012), now known as Pacific Center. Dodd & Richards design of 1919.[83]
Three Dodd Teco designs from 1905 Teco Catalog of the Gates Potteries Co. See External Links below.
Dodd designed Teco vase No. #87 (c. 1902[84]). Size: 12" x 8". See 1905 Teco Catalog in External Links below.
Design of a Cooking-Stove 1887 W. J. Dodd, Louisville, Kentucky[85]
Illustration by W. J. Dodd for an 1893 essay "Gondola Days" by F. Hopkinson Smith published by Southern Magazine
Illustration by W. J. Dodd for an 1895 story on Japanese themes in a magazine.[86]

Illinois, Kentucky, Virginia, and Tennessee[edit]

Street numbers reflect the year 1909 citywide renumbering of street addresses in advance of the 1910 U.S. Census.

  • Washington Irving Beman residence (1885),[87] 5425 S. Blackstone, Hyde Park, Chicago Illinois
  • Max Selliger residence (mid 1886),[88] 1022 S. 3rd St. Old Louisville-Limerick Historic District.
  • Lewis Witherspoon & Eliza Irwin McKee residence (Autumn 1886),[89] 1224 Harrodsburg Rd. Lawrenceburg, KY
  • Louis Seelbach residence (1888). 926 S. 6th St. Old Louisville-Limerick Historic District.
  • Charles Bonnycastle Robinson residence (1889), a.k.a. "Bonnycot". 1111 Bellewood Rd. Anchorage, Kentucky
  • Louisville Trust Building (1891) Maury & Dodd, 5th and Market, Louisville, Kentucky. Links to images given below.
  • George A. Newman residence (1891),[90] 1123 S. 3rd St. Old Louisville Historic District
  • Charles L. Robinson residence (1890–1891),[90][91] 1334 S. 3rd St. Old Louisville Historic District
  • Covenant Presbyterian Church (1891), now Fifth Street Baptist, 1901 W. Jefferson St., Louisville KY
  • W. J. Dodd residence (1891–1892: first residence 33 St James Ct)[92] 1467a St. James Court, Old Louisville Historic District
  • Paul Cain residence (1891–1892: first residence 35 St James Ct)[92] 1467b St. James Court, Old Louisville Historic District
  • Helen Reid/William Whaley residence (1892),[93] 317 Colonial Ave. Ghent (Norfolk) Virginia
  • Nelson County Courthouse (1892) Maury & Dodd,[90] Bardstown Historic District
  • Sam Stone Bush residence (1893),[94] 230 Kenwood Hill, Louisville KY
  • Bernard Flexner residence (1892–1893), 525 W. Ormsby Ave. Old Louisville Historic District
  • Jacob A. Flexner residence (1892–1893), 531 W. Omsby Ave. Old Louisville Historic District
  • Harry McGoodwin residence (1893), 1504 S. 3rd St.Old Louisville Historic District[95]
  • Cornelia Bush residence (1894),[94] 316 Kenwood Hill, Louisville KY
  • St. Paul's Episcopal Church (1895) Maury & Dodd, now West End Baptist, 4th & Magnolia, Old Louisville. Links to images given below.
  • Dr. G. W. Lewman residence (1896), 1365 S. 3rd. Maury & Dodd. Old Louisville Historic District[96]
  • J. W. Brown residence (1896), 1455 S. 4th. Maury & Dodd. Old Louisville Historic District[96]
  • William T. Johnston residence (1896), 1457 S. 4th. Old Louisville Historic District[96]
  • Arthur Cobb residence (c. 1896–7), 4561 S. 2nd St. Beechmont, Louisville KY
  • Shakleford Miller residence (1897),[97] 1454 S. 4th St. Old Louisville Historic District
  • Edmund Trabue residence (1897),[97] 1419 St. James Court. Old Louisville Historic District
  • Benjamin Straus residence (1897),[97] 1464 S. 3rd St. Old Louisville Historic District
  • William Thalheimer residence (1897),[50] 1433 S. 3rd St. Old Louisville Historic District
  • Eugene Leander residence (1897),[50] 1384 S. 2nd St. Old Louisville Historic District
  • Samuel Grabfelder residence (1897–1899),[50] 1442 S. 3rd St. Old Louisville Historic District
  • Joseph G McCulloch residence (1897),[98] 1435 S. 3rd St. Old Louisville Historic District
  • John P. Starks residence (1898),[65] 1412 St. James Court Old Louisville Historic District
  • Flemish style library addition to Sam Stone Bush residence (1900),[99] 230 Kenwood Hill Rd. Louisville
  • George Franklin Berry Mansion (c. 1900, addition 1912) 700 Louisville Rd., Frankfort KY. Links to images given below.
  • Atherton Building (1901), 4th and Muhammad Ali, Louisville, KY
  • Four-stall stable and carriage house for S. Grabfelder residence (c. 1901), 1442 S. 3rd St.[100] Old Louisville Historic District
  • Eight-stall stable and carriage house for Peter Lee Atherton residence (c. 1902),[101] Glenview Kentucky
  • Five-stall stable and carriage house for EH Ferguson residence (c. 1902),[102] Old Louisville Historic District
  • Edwin H. Ferguson mansion (1902–1905), now The Filson Historical Society, 3rd & Ormsby, Old Louisville
  • Fourth Avenue Methodist-Episcopal Church (1901–1902), 4th & St. Catherine Sts., Old Louisville Historic District. Links to images given below.
  • Jacob L. Smyser residence (1902),[99] 1035 Cherokee Rd. Louisville
  • Presbyterian Theological Seminary (c. 1902–1906) now Jefferson Community & Technical College, Broadway, downtown Louisville
  • C. Hunter Raine mansion, a.k.a. "Beverly Hall" (c. 1905–1906), Central and Willett, Memphis, TN
  • Bishop Thomas Gailor residence, Episcopal Cathedral of St. Mary. 700 Poplar Ave. Memphis, TN[103]
  • Western Branch of the Louisville Free Public Library (c. 1905), a Carnegie library: America's first public library dedicated to serve African Americans, 10th & Chestnut. External links to images given below.
  • Muhlenberg County Courthouse in Greenville KY (1907). Links to images given below.
  • Atherton Building and Mary Anderson Theatre (1907), 610 S. 4th St., Louisville
  • Stewarts Building (1907), also known as Stewart Dry Goods Company, Fourth and Muhammad Ali streets, Louisville
  • Seelbach Hotel (1902 Andrews & Dodd; 1907 McDonald & Dodd) at 4th & Muhammad Ali, Louisville.
  • 1244 & 1246 Ormsby Court (1907, McDonald & Dodd.)[104][105] Attributed by both style and ownership.
  • 143 Bayly Ave (1910, McDonald & Dodd) Louisville[106]
  • William J. Dodd residence (Spring/Summer 1910),[107][108][109] 1448 St James Court, Old Louisville Historic District
  • Louisville Country Club (1910) McDonald & Dodd[110]
  • Walnut Street Theatre (1910), 414 W. Muhammad Ali (formerly Walnut St.), Louisville[111] Links to images given below.
  • George Gaulbert Memorial Shelter House, near Big Rock in Cherokee Park (1910)
  • Addison R. Smith residence 1425 S. 3rd and Wyble Mapother residence 1429 S. 3rd (both 1910–11), Louisville, KY - McDonald & Dodd [112]
  • Citizens National Life Insurance Building (1910–1911), 100 Park Road, Anchorage, Kentucky
  • First Christian Church (1911), now Immanuel Baptist Church, 4th & Breckinridge streets. Links to images given below.
  • Charles L. Nelson residence (1911–1912), 2327 Cherokee Pkwy, Louisville, KY. McDonald & Dodd[113]
  • William R. Belknap residence (1905–1912),[114][115][116] a.k.a. "Lincliff", 6100 Longview Lane, Glenview, Kentucky
  • Alfred Brandeis residence (1911–1912), a.k.a. "Ladless Hill", 6501 Longview Lane, Glenview, Kentucky
  • Weissinger-Gaulbert Apartments Annex, Broadway, Louisville (c. 1912) External links to images given below.
  • the old YMCA building, Broadway, Louisville (1911–1912). External links to images given below.
  • Louis Seelbach mansion (1911–1912)[117][118][119] or "Barnard Hall". 715 Alta Vista Rd. Louisville
  • Standard Oil of Kentucky Offices, Fifth & Bloom St., Louisville (1912 May-Oct). McDonald & Dodd[120]
  • T. Hoyt & Annie J. Gamble residence, 119 W. Ormsby Ave., Old Louisville Historic District (late 1912)[121]
Citizens Nat'l Life Insurance Bldg, Anchorage KY 1910-11 McDonald & Dodd

California[edit]

  • W. J. Dodd (first) residence (c. 1914–1915) 2010 DeMille Dr. Los Feliz, Los Angeles
  • Hearst's Los Angeles Herald-Examiner Building, downtown Los Angeles, California (c. 1915). Design team of Morgan, Haenke & Dodd
  • Coulter's department store (1916–1917), 500 W. 7th St. Los Angeles
  • Annex to Brockman Bldg. (1916–17) 7th St. & Grand Ave., originally J.J Haggarty's[122]
  • Huntsberger-Mennell Bldg. (1917), 412 W. 7th St. Los Angeles
  • Henning Bldg. (1917), 518 W. 7th St. Los Angeles
  • Ville de Paris department store Bldg. (1917), 420 W. 7th St. Los Angeles
  • H. L. Rivers house (1918), a.k.a. "Los Rios Rancho" Oak Glen, California
  • Ponet Company Bldg. (1918–1919)[123] and Chevrolet Motor Company Showroom (1920), 12th & Hope. Los Angeles[124][125]
  • Heron Building (1919–1920), originally the State Building, 6th and Olive Sts. Los Angeles
  • Brock & Co. Building (1921), 515 W. 7th St. Los Angeles
  • Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Building, now PacMutual, 523 W. Sixth St. at Olive Street, Financial District, Los Angeles (with William Richards, 1921)
  • Kenneth Preuss residence (1921–1922), 5235 Linwood, Laughlin Park, Los Feliz, Los Angeles
  • W. J. Dodd (second) residence (c. 1922) 5226 Linwood, later the Deanna Durbin residence, Los Feliz, Los Angeles
  • Lloyd W. Moultrie residence (1922) 44 N Haldeman Road, Pacific Palisades[126][127]
  • Uplifters Club House (1923), now the Rustic Canyon Recreation Center, Haldeman Road, Pacific Palisades
  • Good Samaritan Physicians Bldg. (1923), 6th and Lucas. Los Angeles
  • Apartment Bldg. (1923) at 3105 W. 6th, now Borden Retail and Apts. Koreatown, Los Angeles
  • Pasadena Medical Bldg. (1924) a.k.a. Professional Bldg., 65 N. Madison Ave. Pasadena
  • The Virginia Robinson Gardens (1924–1930): pool, pavilion and other additions. Dodd & Richards and Charles Gibbs Adams (landscaping). 1008 Elden Way, Beverly Hills, Los Angeles.[128]
  • J. W. Robinson's store, 600 W. 7th, 1924 annex by Dodd & Richards (original 1914 design by Noonan & Richards). Significantly modernized in 1934 by William Richards.[129]
  • William and Nelia Mead residence (1924), now "The Willows Inn", Tahquitz Canyon Way, Palm Springs, CA
  • Roland Bishop residence (1925), now "The Willows Inn", Tahquitz Canyon Way, Palm Springs, CA
  • San Gabriel Mission Auditorium, greater Los Angeles (1926). Designed by Arthur Benton and W.J. Dodd.
  • Jacob Riis Vocational School for Boys (1927), renamed as Mary McLeod Bethune Junior High School, on 69th between Broadway and Main
  • Upman residence, Mendocino Lane, Altadena (1926–8). Landscaping & addition by Lloyd Wright[130][131]
  • Residence (1930)[132] 8252 Rees Ave., Playa del Rey Los Angeles
  • Ivan Miller residence (1930)[133] 8207 Delgany Ave, Playa del Rey Los Angeles. Intended as his retirement house, this is one of Dodd's final residential designs. Anecdotal accounts by neighbors on Delgany Ave. suggest that the Dodds may have begun to occupy this property at the time of William's death. See section above titled Areas for further research: folklore ... .
  • W. J. Dodd (final) residence of record at time of his death (1928–1930) 1975 DeMille Dr. Los Feliz, Los Angeles

Demolished or destroyed Dodd structures [Under construction and review][edit]

Kentucky[edit]

  • Thompson A. Lyon residence (c. 1893, demolished c. 1970) 4646 Bellevue, Beechmont neighborhood, Louisville
  • J. E. Whitney Cottage (1899, demolished in May 1951[134]) 210 E. Gray St., downtown Louisville.
  • Masonic Theater (1903, later Strand Theater: demolished 1956) on Chestnut St. between 3rd & 4th Avenues[135]
  • Atherton Building (the first so-named, 1901: demolished 1979) at Fourth and Muhammad Ali Blvd. Louisville[136]
  • Frankel Memorial Chapel (collapsed July 2012) The Temple Cemetery, 2716 Preston St. Louisville
  • Lincoln Building (later Washington Building, 1906–1907: demolished 1972) at Fourth and Market, Louisville[137]
  • Equitable Building: Dodd & Cobb 1896-7 (later known as Crutcher & Starks Bldg. and Jefferson Dry Goods Co. Bldg.) Demolished in 1975 for construction of a convention center.
  • Lansdowne, a.k.a. Country estate of S. Thruston Ballard in Glenview, 1907-8: demolished 1976.[138][139][140]
  • Rio Vista, a.k.a. Country estate of Mr. & Mrs. John H. Caperton, 1909-1910 River Road, Mockingbird Valley, Louisville. Demolished around 1955.[139]

Illinois[edit]

Tennessee[edit]

  • Albert Sloo Caldwell residence, a.k.a. "Baldaur", 1897. Formerly 216 N. Waldran Ave/Blvd. Memphis. [Demolished: 1966] (A design based upon Dodd's 1893 Kentucky State Building for the Chicago World's Columbian Exposition.)[141][142]
  • Residence of William Boddie Rogers, M.D., c. 1902. Formerly 1257 Poplar Blvd/St/Ave. Memphis. [Demolished: year unknown][143] Dr. W.B. Rogers was professor of surgery and dean of the Memphis Hospital Medical College[144]
  • Memphis Hospital Medical College, Union Ave., near Marshall Ave., 1901,[145] later the University of Tennessee College of Medicine after 1925. [Demolished: ca 1929][146]

California[edit]

  • Jacob "Jake" M. Danziger-Daisy Canfield residence; W.J. Dodd, freelance Archt., not yet Dodd & Richards; see Career section above. (1914:[147] demolished 1951). Mediterranean Eclectic/Mission Revival style, first residence in Bel Air development. Link to image: "Capo di Monte"
  • Frank Upman residence, 401 S. Westmoreland Ave., Los Angeles. W.J. Dodd, freelance Archt., not yet Dodd & Richards; see Career section above.[148] (1914: demolished 1979; per demolition permit issued 2/13/79.
  • Rosewall, the first Dorothy & Roland P. Bishop residence (1916). Purchased in 1920 by Irving Hellman. Demolished 1950.[149]
  • Kinema [Deluxe Movie] Theater (1916, later Criterion: demolished 1941) 642 S. Grand Ave. Los Angeles
  • Firenze Gardens, also Firenze Courtyard, (ca. 1920: year of demolition unknown) 5218-5230 Sunset Blvd.[150]
  • Architects' Building (1927: demolished 1968–1969) at Fifth and Figueroa, Los Angeles[151][152]
  • Bank of America/Los Angeles Trust and Savings Bank (1928: demolished 1970s) at Broadway and Brand, Glendale[153][154]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Notable Men of Kentucky at the Beginning of the 20th Century (1901–1902). Benjamin LaBree, ed. Geo. G. Fetter, pub. Louisville KY: 1902 p. 159
  2. ^ The L.A. Times of March 2, 1913, announces the purchase of a residence by Dodd; Southwest Contractor and Manufacturer trade journal of May 10, 1913, records that Dodd had recently been granted his certificate to practice in Southern California by the State Board of Architecture.
  3. ^ a b Quebec City Wesleyan Methodist Church records, leaf 21, baptismal record of December 17, 1862 (birth date: September 22, 1862)
  4. ^ U.S. census record of 1880. This record identifies Edward Dodd (Sr.) as a brick mason by trade while Mary attends to "Keeping house".
  5. ^ 1870 Lakeside Annual Chicago Directory, p. 224 DOD-DOH. Mary runs a millinery and dressmaking enterprise from home with her niece, Sofie Boyd.
  6. ^ 1860 Census of Canada indicates an infant daughter named Sarah who does not reappear in the 1870 census.
  7. ^ 1871 Chicago Directory
  8. ^ Woods, Mary N. From Craft to Profession: The Practice of Architecture in Nineteenth-Century America. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California. 1999. p. 65
  9. ^ The Western Architect. December 1922, p. 153 "William J. Dodd [...] entered Mr. Jenney's office at about the age of fifteen."
  10. ^ The Autobiography of Irving Kane Pond, "The Sons of Mary and Elihu". Edited by David Swan and Terry Tatum with an introduction by Guy Szuberla and contributions by Dennis Domer. Published posthumously by The Hyoogen Press, Oak Park, IL in 2009. pp. 82–84.
  11. ^ Chicago Directory of 1880 gives an address for W. J. Dodd, 156 Michigan Avenue, the headquarters of the Pullman Car Company; his occupation is given as 'draughstman'. The 1880 census has his residence on South Water Street, the family home, and his occupation is 'architect'.
  12. ^ Twentieth Annual Report of the Chicago Board of Trade for the Year ending 1877. Compiled by Charles Randolph. Knight & Leonard Printers. Chicago: 1878. Page 194 establishes the address of the Pullman Car Co. as 156 Michigan Ave.
  13. ^ Chicago Daily Tribune, June 26, 1887: p. 14 "Pullman Rowing Club"
  14. ^ Designation of Feb. 19, 2015 http://blog.preservationnation.org/2015/02/19/big-win-pullman-historic-district-now-national-monument/#.VOavYoY8LCQ
  15. ^ Pasavento, Wilma. "Sport and Recreation in the Pullman Experiment: 1880–1900". Journal of Sports History, Vol. 9.2, Summer 1982
  16. ^ Chicago Daily Tribune: July 31, 1882, p. 8
  17. ^ Chicago Daily Tribune: Oct. 22, 1882, p. 1
  18. ^ Chicago Times, December 31, 1881: "Pullman Pleasure Club"
  19. ^ Chicago Times, March 24, 1882: "Pullman Socialbility"
  20. ^ Hyde Park Herald, April 25, 1885: "A Fond Farewell"
  21. ^ November 27, 1889. License and bond. Shelby County, State of Tennessee.
  22. ^ Sketches of Prominent Tennesseans: Containing Biographies and Records of Many of the Families who Have Attained Prominence in Tennessee. William S. Speer, compiler & editor. 1888, Nashville. pp. 58-9. Reprinted 2003, Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc. Baltimore.
  23. ^ Unpublished memoir of Emily Estes Snedecor, circa 1931, elder sister of Ione Estes Dodd. Title: "Reverend James George Snedecor, L.L.D., a short story written by his wife". Available from the descendants of Emily Estes Snedecor.
  24. ^ Rev. John H. Boyd of the Lauderdale Street Presbyterian Church in Memphis, TN http://www.theoakshousemuseum.org/family/john_hardgrove_boyd.htm
  25. ^ 1851 Census of Eastern Canada; Mary Dinning Dodd
  26. ^ Year 1862. Baptismal records of Quebec Wesleyan Methodist Church
  27. ^ Per numerous publications, including obituaries, it is evident that Dodd's sisters, Jane and Elizabeth, remained affiliated with the Methodist Episcopal denomination through their lifetimes.
  28. ^ Rand, McNally & Co.'s Handbook of the World Columbian Exposition. Compiled by Stuart Charles Wade. Published by Rand, McNally & Co., 1893, p. 194
  29. ^ 1916 membership application to A.I.A. gives "Chicago 1862" for Dodd's birth place. See https://aiahistoricaldirectory.atlassian.net/wiki/spaces/AHDAA/overview
  30. ^ U.S. Census, 1920. Los Angeles County
  31. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal. 1897: March 13, Section 2 "Building", p. 8
  32. ^ Published lists of graduates of the Chicago public school system from years 1859–1881 do not include William J. Dodd. In particular see "Report [of the] Superintendent of Chicago Schools", Vol. 25 (1878–1879), Vol. 26 (1879–1880), Vol. 27 (1880–1881)
  33. ^ Research offers a possible explanation for this biographical uncertainty; Dodd may have received his earliest technical training under the auspices of the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts (1879–1882), the immediate predecessor to the Art Institute; the academy boasted an architecture and design curriculum. W. L. B. Jenney was on the board of the Academy.
  34. ^ Chicago Daily Tribune, June 29, 1879, p. 8 "The New Academy" by W. L. B. Jenney
  35. ^ a b Hedgepeth, Marty Lyn Poynter. The Victorian to the Beaux-Arts: A study of Four Louisville Architectural Firms, McDonald Brothers, McDonald & Sheblessy, Dodd & Cobb and McDonald & Dodd. M.A. Thesis, 1981 University of Louisville
  36. ^ Kleber, John E., Editor. The Encyclopedia of Louisville, University of Kentucky Press, Lexington, KY:2001
  37. ^ Luhan, Gregory A., Dennis Domer and David Mohney. The Louisville Guide. Princeton Architectural Press, 2004
  38. ^ Inland Architect, Vol. 2, No. 1, August 1883 p.99: "... Dodd ... has been placed in charge of the drafting department of the Northern Pacific Railway at Portland Oregon."
  39. ^ Inland Architect, Vol. 7, 1886. February, p. 8
  40. ^ "Among the Plumbers." Sanitary News: Weekly Journal of Sanitary Science, Vol. 8 May 1 - October 31, 1886, p. 270 Google Books Web 22 December 2013
  41. ^ American Architect and Architecture: Vol. XX, July–December. 1886
  42. ^ Inland Architect, Vols. 9–10, 1887 February, page 12: Chicago Architectural Sketch Club
  43. ^ Courier-Journal, Sunday Morning edition, Dec. 11, page 3. "WANTED - A bright, energetic boy, about sixteen years old, to study in our office..."
  44. ^ As of December 2013, the database is currently not available online. Contact A.I.A. archivist at nhadley@aia.org
  45. ^ Catalogue of the First Exhibition: Louisville Chapter American Institute of Architects. 1912, pp. 6–7
  46. ^ Architect and Engineer: v. 43–44 - 1915, p. 118 "New Chapter Members"
  47. ^ Dodd & Cobb partnered with F.M. Andrews on the design of the first [1903] of two phases of design and construction of the Seelbach Hotel in downtown Louisville. See numerous Courier-Journal Newspaper articles from 1903.
  48. ^ Inland Architect & Builder. Vol 6, No. 6, p. 104: December 1885
  49. ^ Rand, McNally & Co.'s Handbook of the World Columbian Exposition. Rand, McNally & Co., 1893, p. 194
  50. ^ a b c d Hedgepeth, p. 95
  51. ^ Johnson, Eugene J. & Russell, Robert D., Memphis: An Architectural Guide. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville: 1990
  52. ^ Hedgepeth, p. 98
  53. ^ Yarsinske, Amy Waters. "Ghent: John Graham's Dream, Norfolk, Virginia's Treasure". The History Press, Charleston, South Carolina, 2006, p. 64.
  54. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal, Thursday Dec. 26, 1913 POINTS ABOUT PEOPLE - "Mr. and Mrs. William James Dodd left last night for Los Angeles where they will make their home..."
  55. ^ William and Ione Dodd are interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park/Glendale California. Plots: Dahlia Corridor, Dahlia Terrace, Lot 0, Space 2185/2179
  56. ^ Southwest Contractor and Manufacturer Vol. 11, October 25, 1913 p. 12 "PERSONAL NOTES AND TRADE NEWS - Archts. J. Martyn Haenke and W. J. Dodd have dissolved partnership. Mr. Haenke to continue the business at the present offices ... Mr. Dodd has not announced his plans but will continue in practice."
  57. ^ Henry Withey, Biographical Dictionary of American Architects Deceased. (Los Angeles: Hennessey & Ingalls, Inc., 1970) 176, 508.
  58. ^ Sanders, J. R. Oak Glen and Los Rios Rancho. Arcadia Publishing: 2006, p. 26
  59. ^ Lloyd Wright papers, 1920–1978. Unpublished correspondence. Box 20 "W. J. Dodd - Landscaping". UC Los Angeles: Special Collections, Young Research Library.
  60. ^ McClelland, Linda Flint. Presenting Nature: The Historic Landscape Design of the National Park Service - 1916 to 1942. National Register of Historic Places Interagency Resources Division of the National Park Service: 1993 Chp. IV, p. 1.
  61. ^ A.I.A. professional listing for Adrian Wilson: 1962
  62. ^ Wilson, Mark A. Julia Morgan: Architect of Beauty. Gibbs Smith Publishers: 2007, p. 200. Wilson quotes architect Cynthia Ripley saying: "she was accepted and respected in an all-male field as the only independent woman architect at that time."
  63. ^ Los Angeles Examiner, June 28, 1914, pt IV, p. 3: "Architects for the Examiner Bldg." Microfiche - Los Angeles Central Library
  64. ^ Sharon S. Darling and Richard Zakin Teco: Art Pottery of the Prairie School, Erie Art Museum, 1989 p. 171
  65. ^ a b Hedgepeth, p. 96
  66. ^ Birkhead, Carole C. The History of Orchestra in Louisville. Thesis. University of Louisville. 1959
  67. ^ "Art Promotion". Courier-Journal. 14 February 1909. ProQuest 1016183102.
  68. ^ Los Angeles Herald, November 26, 1913; review by Guy Price.
  69. ^ "Prospective Auditorium". Southwest Contractor and Manufacturer. 16: 16. 4 March 1916.
  70. ^ Musical America, Volume 24, Issues 14–26. August 5, 1916, p. 11
  71. ^ Behymer, L. E. (1919). "L. E. Behymer Explains Orchestra Plans". Pacific Coast Musical Review. 36: 4.
  72. ^ Volume 33, page 65. January 21, 1918
  73. ^ Another possible meaning for the nickname in the Review may be that, by 1918, Dodd had designed a half dozen commercial buildings in the old business district on Seventh Street.
  74. ^ LATimes, March 16, 1930, p. A8 "Desert Parks Proposed"
  75. ^ Port of New York arrival, May 5, 1930, sailing from Genoa. U.S. Immigration records.
  76. ^ State of California, Los Angeles county. Death certificate. #6846.
  77. ^ Los Angeles Times, June 28, 1930
  78. ^ Little Church "is a regularly dedicated church, non-sectarian and non-denominational. Its only theology is Love; its congregation, all who dwell in the world." Inscription from a circa 1930 postcard. US San Diego digital collections. https://library.ucsd.edu/dc/object/bb08555903. Accessed on March 12, 2020.
  79. ^ "Rumors reached [us] that Dodd had been forced to leave Louisville by the volume of criticism resulting from the design of the Louisville Country Club. There were indeed problems with the design." Stratton Hammon Architects of Louisville: From the 1920s through World War II The Filson Club History Quarterly, VOL. 61 No. 4, Louisville Kentucky: October, 1987 pp. 426-7
  80. ^ Walters Park and Capon Springs baths are among several visited by Ione Dodd.
  81. ^ Death certificate
  82. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal. June 15, 1911 Sunday Magazine, p. 12.
  83. ^ LA Times: Aug. 3, 1919, p. V16 "Office Building for Pacific Mutual Life"
  84. ^ Brush & Pencil: An Illustrated Magazine of the Arts of Today. 1902, Vol. 9, p. 292. Chicago
  85. ^ With "granular roughenings embellished by representations of chrysanthemum vines". United States Patent Office. Design No. 17,420: June 28, 1887. From same decade in which Louis Comfort Tiffany popularized the chrysanthemum pattern.
  86. ^ Scott, Mary McNeill. "Yako - The Sickness the Fox Send" published in The Southern Magazine, Louisville KY: Vol. 5, No. 28, January 1895, pp. 361–372. Illustrations for story by W. J. Dodd. Basil W. Duke, editor.
  87. ^ Inland Architect and News Record, Vol. VI, No. 6, Dec. 1885, p. 104
  88. ^ Sanitary News: Weekly Journal of Sanitary Science, Vol. 8, p. 270. May1-October 31, 1886. Chicago.
  89. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal, Dec. 21, 1886, p. 4. "Happily Mated: Marriage of Major L. W. McKee, State Senator..."
  90. ^ a b c Inland Architect, Vol. 17, No. 2, p. 28
  91. ^ Samuel Thomas Papers 1963–2012, Box. 97, University of Louisville Library
  92. ^ a b Louisville Courier-Journal, Aug. 25, 1891, p. 8
  93. ^ Yarsinske, p. 64
  94. ^ a b NRHP Nomination Form: August 1981. M. A. Allgeier, researcher
  95. ^ Inland Architect, September 1893, p. 15
  96. ^ a b c Inland Architect & Engineer. Volumes 25–26, p. 43. 1896
  97. ^ a b c Hedgepeth, p. 94
  98. ^ Hedgepeth, p. 99
  99. ^ a b Hedgepeth, p. 97
  100. ^ The Architectural Review. 1902, Vol. 9, p. 168
  101. ^ The Architectural Review. 1902, Vol. 9, p. 201
  102. ^ The Architectural Review. 1902, Vol. 9, p. 184
  103. ^ The Builder, Vol. 12, No. 5, May 1905. Hathi Trust Digital Library. <https://www.hathitrust.org> Accessed 07/31/2017
  104. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal, January 26, 1913. pg. B8
  105. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal, June 7, 1914. Pg. 40
  106. ^ Courier-Journal July 17, 1910, Classified Ad, page C8: "...it has never been occupied..."
  107. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal, Mar. 15, 1910, p. 7 "At present, Mr. Dodd is at work on his handsome new residence in the court adjoining the homes of Cale Young Rice and Henry J. Powell and expects to soon have it finished."
  108. ^ The Weekly Artisan, April 16, 1910, p. 30: "Buildings that will need furniture".
  109. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal Dec. 16, 1910, p. 2 News article lists Dodd's address at 1448 St. James Ct.
  110. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal 16 June 1909: pg. 10.
  111. ^ Casto, Marilyn Dee. Actors, audiences, and historic theaters of Kentucky. University of Kentucky Press: 2000, p. 76. Also, see Hedgepeth, p. 107
  112. ^ The American Contractor Vol. 31, Aug. 6, 1910 p. 72 "Louisville, Ky"
  113. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal, 26 July 1911: pg. 7
  114. ^ American Contractor, 1910, Vol. 31, p 72 "Residence: 2 sty. $25,000. Near Louisville. Architects McDonald & Dodd, Lincoln Trust bldg., Louisville. Owner W. R. Belknap. Preliminary plans in progress. Brick, stone trimmings."
  115. ^ Hedgepeth, p106 "Plans possibly by Boston architect and executed by McDonald & Dodd"
  116. ^ Blackburn & Gill, Country Houses of Louisville, 2011: pp 239–244 "Lincliff was the first of Dodd's great country house commissions..."
  117. ^ Hedgepeth, p. 103
  118. ^ Kleber, p. 250
  119. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal, Aug. 11, 1912, p. 7
  120. ^ Courier Journal, May 5, 1912, p. 11 "New Home of Standard Oil"
  121. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal, Dec. 28, 1912, p. 10. T. H. Gamble removes from 744 S. 2nd St. to 119 West Ormsby Ave.
  122. ^ Southwest Contractor and Manufacturer, April 14, 1917, p. 14
  123. ^ Building and Engineering News, Volume 17, Issue 2, August, p. 4
  124. ^ Southwest Builder and Contractor, Vol. 55, No. 3, Jan. 16, 1920, p. 9 Trade Notes
  125. ^ Los Angeles Historic Resources Inventory: Chevrolet Motor Company Showroom. Evaluated 08-22-2016. https://hpla.lacity.org/report/94118c9e-f484-4f6d-8d1f-4eb32eccafcc . Accessed 03-02-2024
  126. ^ Los Angeles Historic Resources Inventory
  127. ^ Southwest builder and contractor v. 60 No. 11 September 15, 1922 p. 52
  128. ^ Comras, Keylon, Elias, & Anderson. VIRGINIA ROBINSON GARDENS HISTORIC AMERICAN LANDSCAPES SURVEY HALS CA-148. June 1, 2023.
  129. ^ Comras, et al. HALS CA-148
  130. ^ Lloyd Wright Papers. UCLA Library Special Collections
  131. ^ Contemporary Architects, Muriel Emmanuel, ed. Palgrave Macmillan, pub. 1980 p. 906
  132. ^ Los Angeles Times, March 16, 1930 p. D6 "Architect Erects Home in Hillside Location"
  133. ^ Los Angeles Times, March 9, 1930 p. D6 "Architect to Occupy Residence Along Seashore"
  134. ^ Courier Journal, May 28, 1951 p. 19. Classified ad by Cleveland Wrecking Co.
  135. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal, March 2, 1956. Page 25
  136. ^ Louisville Courier-Journal. 1979, Nov. 8, p. 22
  137. ^ Korom, Joseph J. The American Skyscraper, 1850–1940: A Celebration of Height. Branden Books, 2008 p. 286
  138. ^ American Architect and Building News Vol. 89, No. 1581 April 1906
  139. ^ a b Country Houses of Louisville, 1899-1939. Winfrey P. Blackburn Jr., R. Scott Gill
  140. ^ The American Contractor Vol. 34, Jan-Mar. 1913, p. 86
  141. ^ Inland Architect, Vol. 27, No. 3, 1896 p. 30
  142. ^ The Brickbuilder" (July-Dec 1897) Vol VI, November p. 260
  143. ^ The American Architect and Building News, Vol 77, July 5, 1902, pg. 11
  144. ^ Tennesseans The Speed Publishing Co., 1901-02
  145. ^ Case: UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE v. MEMPHIS HOSPITAL COLLEGE BUILDING COMPANY. Court of Appeals of Tennessee. Western Section. Aug. 5, 1925. Published: Dec 17, 1927.
  146. ^ The Engineering record, building record and sanitary engineer. Vol. 43, No. 9, 1901 p. 214
  147. ^ LA Times, Jan. 31, 1914, p. I-12 "Palace on Hilltop for Canfield's Son-in-law"
  148. ^ Southwest Contractor & Manufacturer, December 12, 1914, p. 26
  149. ^ In Los Angeles, a 1900s White House for the not quite presidential. Los Angeles Times, special by Sam Watters. Oct. 4, 2008
  150. ^ Southwest Builder and Contractor, Volume 55, No. 16, April 16, 1920, p.11
  151. ^ Architect and Engineer, May 1927, p. 13 "Thirteen-Story Los Angeles Building"
  152. ^ https: Marsak, Nathan. //www.onbunkerhill.org/architectsbuilding/ Accessed November 23, 2018
  153. ^ Architect and Engineer, 1927 Jan. 6, p. 105. "Dodd & Richards of Los Angeles have completed plans for a bank and office building at south west corner of Broadway and Brand blvd. Glendale, in six stories for the Pacific Southwest Realty Co."
  154. ^ South Glendale Historic Resources Context Statement, September 30, 2014, p. 120

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