William Cotton (Lord Mayor)
Cotton was born at Stratford, London, the son of William Cotton and his wife Caroline Richmond. He became a London merchant and owned iron mines in Norway as well as the Sun and Topping wharves at London Bridge. He was a commissioner of the Inland Revenue and a director of the Liverpool and London Globe Fire and Life Assurance Co. He was a J.P. for Middlesex, Hertfordshire and the City of London. Cotton was a member of the Haberdashers Company, the Saddlers Company the Turners Company and the Fan Makers Company, and filled the mastership of the three first-named. He was a trustee of St Andrew Undershaft, chairman of the Mary Datchelor Girls' School governors, a governor of Queen Anne's Bounty, a governor of the Royal Hospitals, a member of the committee of Aske's Charity and president of the City of London Rifle Corps.
Cotton was elected an alderman for the city (Lime street Ward) in 1866, and served as such until 1892. He was Sheriff of London and Middlesex from 1868 to 1869, and Lord Mayor of London from 1875 to 1876, during which years he opened the new poultry and provisions market at Smithfield and presided over a grand banquet welcoming the Prince of Wales on his return from a tour of India. In 1868 he had stood for parliament unsuccessfully at Southwark. At the 1874 general election he was elected Member of Parliament for City of London. He lost his seat in parliament in the 1885 UK general election after representation was reduced from four to two under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and bitter at this result never attempted to re-enter.
Cotton was a member of the London School Board for nine years and became its chairman, and was also chairman of the Police Committee for seventeen years. He became Chamberlain of the City of London in 1892, and was knighted in July 1892.
He published a volume of poems called Imagination.
- Cotton DNA Project
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1881
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Obituary - Sir Richmond Cotton". The Times (36787). London. 6 June 1902. p. 10.
- New York Times 6 June 1902
- "No. 26306". The London Gazette. 12 July 1892. p. 4005.
- "Explore the Building". St Mary the Virgin, East Barnet. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
- "Obituary - Lady Cotton". The Times (36406). London. 19 March 1901. p. 11.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by William Cotton
- Portraits of Sir William Cotton at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Robert Wigram Crawford
|Member of Parliament for the City of London
1874 – 1885
With: John Hubbard 1874–87
Philip Twells 1874–80
George Goschen to 1880
William Lawrence 1880–85
Sir Robert Fowler, Bt 1880–91
Sir Robert Fowler, Bt
Sir William McArthur
David Henry Stone
|Sheriffs of the City of London
With: Charles William Cookworthy Hutton
Sir Joseph Causation
Sir James Vallentin
David Henry Stone
|Lord Mayor of the City of London
Sir Thomas White
|Chamberlain of the City of London
Sir Joseph Dimsdale