William Jennings Bryan Dorn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
William Jennings Bryan Dorn
W. J. Bryan Dorn.jpg
Chairman of the House Veterans' Affairs Committee
In office
January 3, 1973 – December 31, 1974
Speaker Carl Albert
Preceded by Olin E. Teague
Succeeded by Ray Roberts
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 3rd district
In office
January 3, 1947 – January 3, 1949
Preceded by Butler B. Hare
Succeeded by James Butler Hare
In office
January 3, 1951 – December 31, 1974
Preceded by James Butler Hare
Succeeded by Butler Derrick
Member of the South Carolina Senate from Greenwood County
In office
January 14, 1941 – June 20, 1942
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Greenwood County
In office
January 10, 1939 – June 8, 1940
Personal details
Born April 14, 1916
Greenwood County, South Carolina
Died August 13, 2005(2005-08-13) (aged 89)
Greenwood, South Carolina
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Mildred Johnson
Military service
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch United States Army Air Corps
Years of service 1942 – 1945
Rank Army-USA-OR-04a.svg Corporal
Battles/wars World War II
European Theater

William Jennings Bryan Dorn (April 14, 1916 – August 13, 2005), known as W. J. Bryan Dorn, was a United States politician from South Carolina who represented the western part of the state in the United States House of Representatives from 1947 to 1949 and from 1951 to 1975 as a Democrat.

Early life[edit]

Dorn was born near Greenwood, South Carolina on April 14, 1916. He attended the local public schools and became a farmer. He was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1938 and to the South Carolina Senate in 1940. He served in the United States Army Air Forces in Europe during World War II.[1]

Congressional career[edit]

Dorn was first elected to Congress in the 1946 election. In the 1948 election, he unsuccessfully challenged incumbent Burnet R. Maybank for the United States Senate seat that was later held by Strom Thurmond.

William Jennings Bryan Dorn (second from left)

Dorn returned to the House in the 1950 election, and became known for his work on issues related to the military and the expansion of civil rights.[citation needed] In 1966, journalist Drew Pearson reported that Dorn was one of a group of Congressman who had received the "Statesman of the Republic" award from Liberty Lobby for his "right-wing activities".[2] In his final term he was chairman of the House Veterans' Affairs Committee.

Candidacy for governor[edit]

He left Congress to run for Governor of South Carolina in 1974. He lost the Democratic primary to Charles D. Ravenel, who the South Carolina Supreme Court later ruled ineligible on residency grounds required by the state constitution.[3] A special state convention then chose Dorn as the Democratic candidate. He was defeated in the general election by Republican James B. Edwards, one of the few disappointments in what was generally a big year for Democrats. In 1978, Dorn again sought the Democratic nomination for Governor but was eliminated in a three way race won by Richard Riley. In 1980, he was elected chairman of the South Carolina Democratic Party, and he served until 1984.

Death and burial[edit]

Dorn died in Greenwood on August 13, 2005. He was buried at Bethel Methodist Church Cemetery in Callison, Greenwood County, South Carolina.

Autobiography[edit]

  • Dorn, William Jennings Bryan, and Scott Derks. Dorn: Of the People, A Political Way of Life. Columbia and Orangeburg, S.C.: Bruccoli Clark Layman/Sandlapper Publishing, 1988

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Longtime congressman dies at 89 in Greenwood". The Item. Sumter, South Carolina. AP. August 14, 2005. p. 6A. Retrieved June 11, 2015. 
  2. ^ Pearson, Drew (November 2, 1966). "Judge Rules Against Liberty Lobby". The Free Lance-Star. Fredericksburg, Virginia. p. 6. Retrieved December 14, 2014. 
  3. ^ Bass, Jack; DeVries, Walter (1995). The Transformation of Southern Politics: Social Change and Political Consequence Since 1945. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press. p. 268. ISBN 978-0-8203-1728-1. 

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Butler B. Hare
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 3rd congressional district

1947-1949
Succeeded by
James Butler Hare
Preceded by
James Butler Hare
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 3rd congressional district

1951-1974
Succeeded by
Butler Derrick