William John Matheson

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William John Matheson [1] (1856–1930) was an American industrialist. Born in Wisconsin, he was educated in Scotland where he learned about recent breakthroughs in the development of aniline dyes. Matheson became an early importer and distributor of such dyes from Germany.

He founded the National Aniline and Chemical Company, which merged with four other companies to become the Allied Chemical and Dye Corporation. Matheson's estate on Long Island, Fort Hill, was well known. He also had an estate in Coconut Grove, Florida, and created a coconut plantation on the northern two-thirds of Key Biscayne, an area now occupied by Miami-Dade County's Crandon Park and the Village of Key Biscayne. William's older son, Hugh Merrill Matheson was an early student at Ransom School and William donated a building to the school; the Matheson Infirmary.[2]

In 1930 William donated 80 acres to the county which was named Matheson Hammock Park. In 1940 his children donated 808 acres,[3] the entire north end of Key Biscayne, to the county as Crandon Park and additional acreage on the other side of the bay to Matheson Hammock Park. The Miami Marine Stadium, formally named the Commodore Ralph Middleton Munroe Marine Stadium, was also built on land donated by the Matheson family.


  1. ^ Wilkinson 2001
  2. ^ Blanc 1979. p. 109.
  3. ^ Blank 1996. p. 158
  • Blanc, Julio, editor. 1979. Ransom-Everglades. Miami, Florida: Banyan Books, Inc.
  • Blank, Joan Gill. 1996. Key Biscayne. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. ISBN 1-56164-096-4. pp. 116–119.
  • Crandon, Charles H. (no date, circa 1976). Country Bumpkin. Miami: Johnson Press.
  • Wilkinson, Jerry (2001). "Life and Times of William John Matheson". Retrieved March 2, 2011.