William Joseph Burns
||This article contains wording that promotes the subject in a subjective manner without imparting real information. (July 2015)|
|William J. Burns|
|17th United States Deputy Secretary of State|
July 28, 2011 – November 3, 2014
|Preceded by||James Steinberg|
|Succeeded by||Wendy Sherman (Acting)|
|Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs|
May 13, 2008 – July 28, 2011
|President||George W. Bush
|Preceded by||Nicholas Burns|
|Succeeded by||Tom Shannon (Acting)|
|United States Ambassador to Russia|
November 8, 2005 – May 13, 2008
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Alexander Vershbow|
|Succeeded by||John Beyrle|
|Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs|
June 4, 2001 – March 2, 2005
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Edward Walker|
|Succeeded by||David Welch|
|United States Ambassador to Jordan|
August 9, 1998 – June 4, 2001
George W. Bush
|Preceded by||Wesley Egan|
|Succeeded by||Edward Gnehm|
April 4, 1956 |
Fort Bragg, North Carolina, U.S.
|Alma mater||La Salle University
St John's College, Oxford
William Joseph Burns (born April 11, 1956) retired from the U.S. Foreign Service on November 3, 2014, after a distinguished 33-year diplomatic career. He holds the highest rank in the Foreign Service, Career Ambassador, and is only the second serving diplomat in history to become Deputy Secretary. He is currently the president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the oldest international affairs think tank in the United States.
Early life and education
Born at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, Burns earned a B.A. in History from La Salle University and M.Phil and D.Phil degrees in international relations from Oxford University, where he studied as a Marshall Scholar. His dissertation was expanded and published in 1985 as Economic Aid and American Policy Toward Egypt, 1955–1981.
U.S. Foreign Service
Ambassador Burns served as Deputy Secretary of State from 2011 until 2014. He served as Under Secretary for Political Affairs from 2008 until 2011. He was U.S. Ambassador to Russia from 2005 until 2008, Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs from 2001 until 2005, and U.S. Ambassador to Jordan from 1998 until 2001. Burns speaks Arabic, Russian, and French.
Ambassador Burns has also served in a number of other posts since entering the Foreign Service in 1982, including: Executive Secretary of the State Department and Special Assistant to Secretaries Warren Christopher and Madeleine Albright; Minister-Counselor for Political Affairs at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow; Acting Director and Principal Deputy Director of the State Department's Policy Planning Staff; and Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs at the National Security Council.
Secretary of State John Kerry lauded his "quiet, head-down, get-it-done diplomacy", stating that it had earned him the trust of both Republican and Democratic administrations; The Atlantic called him a “secret diplomatic weapon” deployed against some of the United States' thorniest foreign policy challenges. He has played a leading role in the Middle East Peace Process, the elimination of Libya’s illicit weapons program, and the secret bilateral channel with the Iranians that led to a historic interim agreement between Iran and the P5+1.
Ambassador Burns’ reporting cables and memoranda are legendary within the State Department. A cable he signed as ambassador and released by WikiLeaks, "A Caucasus Wedding", received wide praise and lauded as "almost worthy of Evelyn Waugh".
On April 11, after twice delaying his retirement first at the request of Secretary John Kerry and then at the request of President Obama, the State Department announced Burns would step down as Deputy Secretary of State in October 2014.
In a press statement announcing Ambassador Burns’ decision to retire, Secretary Kerry said that “Bill is a statesman cut from the same cloth, caliber, and contribution as George F. Kennan and Chip Bohlen, and he has more than earned his place on a very short list of American diplomatic legends”. President Obama, in his own statement, said Ambassador Burns “has been a skilled advisor, consummate diplomat, and inspiration to generations of public servants…the country is stronger for Bill’s service”.
He is the recipient of three Presidential Distinguished Service Awards and a number of Department of State awards, including three Secretary's Distinguished Service Awards, the Secretary's Career Achievement Award, the 2006 Charles E. Cobb, Jr. Ambassadorial Award for Initiative and Success in Trade Development, the 2005 Robert C. Frasure Memorial Award, and the James Clement Dunn Award. He also received the Department of Defense Award for Distinguished Public Service and the U.S. Intelligence Community Medallion. In 1994, he was named to TIME Magazine's list of the "50 Most Promising American Leaders Under Age 40", and its list of "100 Young Global Leaders". Burns holds four honorary doctoral degrees and is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Among his other awards and honors are: Foreign Policy's “Diplomat of the Year” award in 2013; George C. Marshall Medal (2014); The Anti-Defamation League’s “Distinguished Statesman Award” (2014); The EastWest Institute's "Global Statesman Award" (2014); The Middle East Institute's "Lifetime Achievement Award" (2014); The Eurasia Foundation's "Sarah Carey Award" (2014); U.S.-Russia Business Council's "Robert Strauss Leadership Award" (2014); International Student House’s “Global Leadership Award” (2013); Tufts University’s “Dr. Jean Mayer Global Citizenship Award” (2014); and Honorary Fellow, St. John’s College, Oxford (from 2012).
Burns and his wife Lisa Carty have two daughters.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Joseph Burns.|
- "NNDB Article". Retrieved 2008-03-01.
- Kralev, Nicholas (April 4, 2013). "The White House's Secret Diplomatic Weapon". The Atlantic. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Gordon, Michael (April 11, 2014). "Diplomat Who Led Secret Talks with Iran Plans to Retire". New York Times. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- Garton Ash, Timothy (November 28, 2010). "US Embassy Cables: A Banquet of Secrets". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- "Deputy Secretary of State William J. Burns' Decision to Retire in October 2014". www.state.gov. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- own statement "Statement by President Obama on the Retirement of Deputy Secretary of State William J. Burns" Check
|url=scheme (help). Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- "Bill Burns Honored as Diplomat of the Year". foreignpolicy.com. Foreign Policy. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- "Deputy Secretary of State Bill Burns Presented with ADL Award". www.adl.org. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- "ISH 2013 GLOBAL LEADERSHIP AWARD: AMBASSADOR WILLIAM J. BURNS, DEPUTY SECRETARY OF STATE". www.ishdc.org. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- "Dr. Jean Mayer Award Recipients". www.tuftsgloballeadership.org. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- "RAI in America". www.rai.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2014.
- "Biography of William J. Burns". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2010-12-08.
- United States Embassy in Moscow: Biography of the Ambassador[dead link]
- "Американские послы в России и СССР" [U.S. Ambassador to Russia and the USSR]. Retrieved 2010-12-08.