William Julius Gascoigne

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Sir William Gascoigne
Born 29 May 1844
Died 9 September 1926
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Major-General
Commands held General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada
Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George

Major-General Sir William Julius Gascoigne KCMG (29 May 1844 – 9 September 1926) was a British Army officer and served as General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada from 1895 to 1898.

Military career[edit]

Gascoigne was commissioned into the Scots Fusilier Guards in 1863.[1] He was appointed Adjutant in 1867,[2] served in Egypt in 1882 and in Sudan in 1885[3]

In 1895 he was promoted to Major-general[3] and appointed General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada[4] and in 1898 he was appointed Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong.[5]

Gascoigne was also the last Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong (serving from 1898 to 1902), but the role was ceremonial and in lapsed use since the 1870s.

He was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) in 1899, and knighted as a Knight Commander (KCMG) of the same order in Nov 1900 in recognition of services during the Boxer Rebellion in China.[6]

Gascoigne Road in Kowloon, Hong Kong is named after him.[7]


In 1875 he married Helen Smith, daughter of Martin T. Smith, and widow of Hon. Arthur F. Egerton.[3][8]


  1. ^ "no. 22722". The London Gazette. 31 March 1863. p. 1822. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  2. ^ "no. 23336". The London Gazette. 24 December 1867. p. 7009. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2008, GASCOIGNE, Maj.-Gen. Sir William Julius Gascoigne’; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007
  4. ^ "no. 27038". The London Gazette. 2 January 1899. p. 2. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  5. ^ "no. 27025". The London Gazette. 22 November 1898. p. 6938. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  6. ^ "(Supplement) no. 27337". The London Gazette. 24 July 1901. p. 4915. 
  7. ^ Wordie, Jason (2007). Streets: Exploring Kowloon. Hong Kong University Press. p. 70. ISBN 9789622098138. 
  8. ^ "Maj.-Gen. Sir William Julius Gascoigne". The Peerage. 19 February 2009. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Lord Treowen
General Officer Commanding the Militia of Canada
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Hutton
Preceded by
Sir Wilsone Black
Commander of British Troops in China and Hong Kong
Succeeded by
Villiers Hatton