William Kennedy Smith
|William Kennedy Smith|
Dr. William Kennedy Smith
September 4, 1960 |
Brighton, Massachusetts, U.S.
M.D. (Georgetown University School of Medicine)
|Spouse(s)||Anne Henry (m. 2011)|
|Parent(s)||Stephen Edward Smith
Jean Ann Kennedy
William Kennedy Smith (born September 4, 1960) is an American physician whose work focuses on landmines and the rehabilitation of landmine victims. He is a member of the prominent Kennedy family and is famous for a well-publicized 1991 rape trial in which he was acquitted.
William Kennedy Smith is the second of four children of Stephen Edward Smith and Jean Kennedy Smith. His mother is the youngest daughter of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy. He is a nephew of President John F. Kennedy, Senator Robert F. Kennedy, and Senator Ted Kennedy. He is the biological brother of Stephen Edward Smith, Jr. and the brother of adopted sisters Kym and Amanda.
They have two children, India Rose B.2012 & Stephen II B. 2013
Early life and education
William Kennedy Smith was born on September 4, 1960 in Brighton, Massachusetts. Smith spent the first years of his life in Washington D.C., while his father worked at the Pentagon during the Kennedy Administration. Later, the family returned to New York, where Smith spent most of his childhood.
Smith attended boarding school at Salisbury School in Salisbury, Connecticut. He received his undergraduate degree from Duke University; completed premedical postbaccalaureate studies at Bryn Mawr College; and, in 1991, received his M.D. degree from Georgetown University School of Medicine.
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In 1992, after receiving his M.D. from Georgetown, Smith went to work in Somalia with the International Medical Corps. Smith later completed orthopedic programs in Bosnia, Angola, Mozambique and South Africa, where he worked as a physician in cooperation with the International Medical Corps and the International Committee of the Red Cross.
In 1996, Dr. Smith founded Physicians Against Land Mines (PALM). The goal of PALM was to permanently ban the sale and use of antipersonnel and land mines. PALM served as an active partner alongside the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL), and in 1997, the ICBL and its partners were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In November 1998, PALM expanded its organizational scope and mission, launching the Chicago-based Center for International Rehabilitation (CIR) that absorbed landmine awareness and advocacy as one of its core programs. The CIR also engaged in educational initiatives and the development of prosthetics technology to improve rehabilitation care for amputees in war-torn areas and in developing countries. The CIR won funding from the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) to operate a Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC) on Improved Technology Access for Landmine Survivors that was designated a national center of excellence in rehabilitation engineering. By engineering and disseminating new technologies in prosthetics and orthotics, the RERC was able to greatly improve access to mobility aids for landmine survivors and other amputees.
In 2001, under Smith's leadership, the CIR developed one of the world's first distance learning program in prosthetics, orthotics and amputee care. Harnessing the power of the Internet, the CIR was able to deliver medical education to workers in clinics and hospitals in some of the poorest regions in the world. Using several different kinds of educational materials, including texts, electronic interactive media and face-to-face workshops, courses have been taught in six countries to over 70 students from 30 rehabilitation centers.
In 2003, under Smith’s direction, CIR created the International Disability Rights Monitor (IDRM) -- an international grassroots research project designed to document and assess the status of persons with disabilities worldwide in order to promote their full inclusion and participation in society, as well as to advance the use of international humanitarian and disability law to ensure that their rights are respected and enforced. Since its inception, the IDRM has released a series of reports that draw a comparative analysis of living conditions, legal protections, education, employment, accessibility, health and housing services for people with disabilities.
In 2005, Dr. Smith and CIR staff collaborated with engineer Ralf Hotchkiss of Whirlwind Wheelchair International (WWI) to design a new wheelchair appropriate for rugged environments. In the summer of 2005, the team conducted a four-month research study in Kabul, Afghanistan. Local medical professionals received hands-on training in wheelchair assembly and user assessment, fitting and training. When the workshop concluded, participants assembled 100 CIR-Whirlwind Wheelchairs, which were distributed to local users.
Also in 2005, Smith formally launched the International Disability and Education Alliance Network (IDEAnet) website through the CIR. IDEAnet is a global collaboration of individuals and institutions that provide medical services and humanitarian relief. Like the CIR, it has a particular focus on disability in low-income and conflict-affected countries. Its mission is to foster collaborative efforts to use distributed learning and telemedicine to address health disparities and foster effective, sustainable health services.
In 2008, CIR introduced its newest initiative, iCons in Medicine. iCons in Medicine is a global telehealth and humanitarian Internet medicine volunteer alliance that connects health care providers in remote and medically underserved areas with a network of specialty physician volunteers who provide clinical support.
In addition to his humanitarian and medical work, Smith founded Medred, a medical software firm, in 2004.
Activism and awards
Smith is a recipient of the Scholl Recognition Award for Rehabilitation Research. His presentations on the health consequences of land mines and international rehabilitation services and issues have been featured at numerous international conferences, including those of the American Medical Association, Rotary International, and the United Nations Association of the United States of America.
He is a member of the World Health Organization's Informal Working Group on Appropriate Technology for Prosthetics and Orthotics. Smith has also been an active participant in the Victim Assistance Working Group of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines, and the Steering Committee of the U.S. Campaign to Ban Landmines. He is also a past Chair of the working group on post conflict development and disabilities for the National Council on Disabilities. Other professional affiliations include: the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine, the Association of Academic Psychiatrists, the Chicago Medical Society, the Illinois State Medical Society, the American Medical Association, the World Medical Association, and the United States Council on International Disabilities.
1991 sexual assault charge
The incident began on the evening of Good Friday, March 29, 1991, when Smith, then 30 years old, was in a bar (named Au Bar) in Palm Beach, Florida, with his uncle, Senator Ted Kennedy, and his cousin Patrick J. Kennedy. Smith met Patricia Bowman, a 29-year-old woman and another young woman at the bar. The five then went to a nearby house owned by the Kennedy family. Smith and the 29-year-old woman walked along the beach. The woman alleged that Smith raped her; Smith testified that they had consensual sex. Although three women were willing to testify that Smith had sexually assaulted them in incidents in the 1980s that were not reported to the police, their testimony was excluded. Smith was acquitted of all charges.
2004 civil action
In 2004, a former employee of the Center for International Rehabilitation alleged that Smith had sexually assaulted her in 1999, and brought a civil action against him. Smith denied her charges, calling them "outrageous" and saying that "family and personal history have made me unusually vulnerable to these kinds of charges" and resigned from the CIR. On January 5, 2005, the court dismissed the employee's lawsuit.
Later in 2005, Smith settled with another employee who accused him of sexual harassment.
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- Margolick, David (12 December 1991). "Smith Acquitted of Rape Charge After Brief Deliberation by Jury". The New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
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