|Died||June 5, 2017 (aged 92)|
Beverly Hills, California, United States
|Alma mater||University of Southern California|
|Practice||Palmer & Krisel|
William Krisel (November 14, 1924 – June 5, 2017) was an American architect best known for his pioneer designs of mid-century residential and commercial architecture. Most of his designs are for affordable homes, especially tract housing, with a modern aesthetic.
Early life and education
Krisel was born in 1924 in Shanghai, China. He moved with his American parents to Beverly Hills, California, in 1937. His father worked as a distributor for United Artists in and brought the family back to the United States after the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War He returned to China during WWII, acting as an interpreter.
With Dan Palmer, Krisel formed Palmer & Krisel architects. Krisel designed more than 30,000 homes throughout Southern California; the total number of houses and condominiums designed by the firm probably exceeds 40,000. He frequently collaborated with the Alexander Construction Company. By the late 1950s, he and Palmer were working with seven out of the 10 largest homebuilders in America. In addition to Palm Springs, Los Angeles, and San Diego, large tracts of homes designed by the firm were built in Las Vegas, Florida, and Arizona.
In the 1950s Krisel helped to nearly double the size of Palm Springs by building 2,500 tract homes that still exist today. Beginning in 1956 with their first Palm Springs tract, Twin Palms, Krisel, the firm's lead designer for desert houses, used variation of orientation and roofline, integration of indoor and outdoor living, and careful use of standardized elements to make modernist design affordable. The houses facilitated indoor-outdoor living in the desert with sheltered patios and pools and in some cases breezeways; clerestory windows improved air circulation while bringing light into the house. The interior designs included flexible room dividers to adapt the floorplan to the owners' preferences.
- 1950, Aldophe Stelzer House, Brentwood, CA (Demolished)
- 1951, Florence Hawkins Residence, Los Angeles, CA
- 1951, Gina Janns House, Los Angeles, CA
- 1953, Tampa Homes (Housing Tract) Reseda, CA
- 1953, Parkwood Covina (Housing Tract) West Covina, CA
- 1954, Garden Grove North (Housing Tract) Garden Grove, CA
- 1955, Garden Grove East (Housing Tract) Garden Grove, CA
- 1955, Krisel House, Brentwood, CA (Demolished)
- 1955, Corbin Palms (Housing Tract) San Fernando Valley, CA
- 1956-1958, Twin Palms Estates (Housing Tract) Palm Springs, CA
- 1957, Ocotillo Lodge Hotel, Palm Springs, CA
- 1957-1958, Ramon Rise Estates (Housing Tract) Palm Springs, CA
- 1958-1962, Racquet Club Estates, Palm Springs, CA
- 1958-1965, Sandpiper Condominiums, Palm Desert, CA
- 1958, Coffee Dan's Coffee Shop, Las Angeles, CA
- 1959, College Glen Estates (Housing Tract) San Diego, CA
- 1959, Raffee's Carpets, San Diego, CA
- 1959, Lionel Krisel House, Los Angeles, CA
- 1959, Borrego Gold Club Estates (Housing Tract) Borrego Springs, CA
- 1959, La Jolla Scenic Heights (Housing Tract) La Jolla, CA
- 1959, Proposed Development, Yuma, AZ (Unbuilt)
- 1959, Housing Tract, Phoenix, AZ (Unbuilt)
- 1959-1960, Flair Homes (Housing Tract) Tucson, AZ
- 1960, Alexander House (Elvis Honeymoon Hideaway), Palm Springs, CA
- 1960-1964, Paradise Palms (Housing Tract) Las Vegas, NV
- 1960, 135 West Magnolia Boulevard, Burbank, CA
- 1960, Loma Lodge, San Diego, CA
- 1960, Loma Starr Building, San Diego, CA (now Peninsula Center)
- 1960, Poway Plaza Shopping Center, Poway, San Diego, CA
- 1960, Security First National Bank, Poway, San Diego, CA
- 1960, PM Electronics, Poway, San Diego, CA (Unbuilt)
- 1960 Universal City (Housing Tract) San Diego, CA
- 1960-1962, Viewpoint North (Housing Tract) San Diego, CA
- 1960-1962, Viewpoint South (Housing Tract) San Diego, CA
- 1961, Airport Reproduction Services, Midway District, San Diego, CA
- 1961, Beth Israel School of Religion, San Diego, CA
- 1961, Raffee's Carpets - Point Loma, San Diego, CA
- 1961-1966, Canyon View Estates (Housing Tract) Palm Springs, CA
- 1962, Bankers Hill Apartments, San Diego, CA
- 1962, Chamber Building, San Diego, CA
- 1962, Private Residence, Marion Estates, Phoenix, AZ
- 1962, Circle 8 1/2 Motel, Mission Valley, San Diego, CA
- 1962 Point Loma Estates (Housing Tract) San Diego, CA
- 1963, Kemp House, Palm Desert, CA
- 1963, 9255 Sunset Boulevard, West Hollywood, CA
- 1963-1964, Point Loma Towers Apartments, San Diego, CA
- 1964, Point Loma Shopping Center, San Diego, CA
- 1964, Black Mountain Estates, Henderson, NV
- 1964, West Loma Office Building, San Diego, CA
- 1967, Shorepoint Apartments, La Jolla, CA
- 1968, Grundt-Tipper House, Palm Springs, CA
- 1968, Canyon Lake Development, Riverside County, CA
- 1968-1970, Kings Point Development, Palm Springs, CA
- 1969-1979, Coronado Shores Condominiums, Coronado, CA
- 1970, Marina Tower Apartments, Vallejo, CA
- 1970, Harbour Lights Apartments, Huntington Beach, CA
- 1972, Del Prado Condominiums, San Diego, CA
- 1973, Ocean Towers, Santa Monica, CA
- 1976, Fidelity Federal Savings and Loan Building, Glendale, CA (now US Bank)
- 1981, Boca Monica Condos, Santa Monica, CA
- 1981, 1033 Ocean Ave Condos, Santa Monica, CA
- Circa 1981, Park Plaza Condos, Santa Monica, CA
- 2006, Butterfly Homes, Palm Springs, CA
- Descant, Skip; Murphy, Rosalie (June 5, 2017). "William Krisel, Southern California modern architect known for butterfly roofs, dies". The Desert Sun.
- "William Krisel papers, 1935-2014". Getty Research Institute. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Union List of Artist Names". Getty Research Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- Roberts, Sam (2017-06-08). "William Krisel, Architect Who Found a Midcentury Niche, Dies at 92". New York Times.
- Descant, Skip (2017-06-05). "William Krisel, Southern California Modernist architect known for butterfly roofs, dies". Desert Sun. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
- Engel, Allison (Autumn 2012). "Modernism for the Masses". USC Trojan Family. University of Southern California. Archived from the original on 1 March 2013.
- Ohtake, Miyoko. "Q&A with Illustrious California Architect William Krisel". Dwell.com. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Budds, Diana (2 August 2016). "Why Midcentury-Modern Architecture Endures". Fast Co.
- Levine, Bettijane (14 February 2008). "Modern's Everyman". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Hess, Alan (2007). "Palmer and Krisel". Forgotten Modern: California Houses 1940–1970. Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith. pp. 102–09. ISBN 9781586858582.
- "William Krisel Modern Architect San Diego". www.modernsandiego.com.
- Singer, Mike (1 April 2011). "Palm Springs Residents Modernize Mid-Century Homes with Energy Savings and Sustainability in Mind". AIArchitect. American Institute of Architects. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "The Krisel Connection". www.kriselconnection.com. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- GmbH, Emporis. "Palmer & Krisel | Companies | EMPORIS". www.emporis.com. Retrieved 2018-06-27.
- "William Krisel Modern Architect San Diego". www.modernsandiego.com. Retrieved 2018-12-31.
- "USModernist Bill Krisel". www.usmodernist.org. Retrieved 2018-12-31.
- William Krisel, Architect (2010)
- Menrad, Chris; Creighton, Heidi, eds. (2016). William Krisel's Palm Springs: The Language of Modernism. Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith. ISBN 9781423642329.
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