William Lewin (died 1598)
four other children
|Mother||Juliana Goche or Googe|
|Died||15 April 1598|
|Buried||St Leonard, Shoreditch|
William Lewin or Lewyn (died 15 April 1598) of London and Otterden, Kent, was a college fellow, tutor, ecclesiastical lawyer, and judge. He also served three times as a Member of Parliament for Rochester.
William Lewin, said to have been of 'humble origin', was one of the five children of Edmund Lewin (son of John Lewin of Cuffley, Hertfordshire) by Juliana Goche, the daughter of William Goche of Good Easter, feodary of Essex.
He matriculated as a pensioner at Christ's College, Cambridge, in November 1559, graduated B.A. in March 1562, M.A. in 1565, and Doctor of Laws in 1576. He was a Fellow of his college from 1562 to 1571, University Proctor for part of 1568, and Public Orator of the University in 1570/71. When the Queen visited Cambridge in 1564, Lewin was chosen to address her. Lewin's cousin Elizabeth had formerly been the Queen's nurse, and his cousin Thomas Lewin had also been in the Queen's service; however according to Houlbrooke, Lewin's advancement at Cambridge was 'most directly assisted' by William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, the university's Chancellor, to whose elder daughter, Anne Cecil, he is thought to have been tutor.
In 1576 Lewin was appointed a Judge of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, a position he held until his death. He became Chancellor of the Diocese of Rochester in 1586 and was Prebendary of Chichester and of St Asaph, from 1587. He was also a Master in Chancery from 1593 to 1598. Lewin was a Member of Parliament for Rochester in Kent, in 1586, 1589 and 1593.
Lewin married Anne Goldsmith, the daughter of Francis Goldsmith of Crayford, Kent, a lady celebrated for her beauty and virtues in Gabriel Harvey's dedication of Ciceronianus to her husband, by whom he had at least ten children, including three sons, Thomas, Justinian (1586 - June 28, 1620), and John, and three daughters: Anne (d.1645), who married Sir Lawrence Washington (1579–1643) of Garsdon, Wiltshire, Registrar of the Court of Chancery, by whom she was the mother of Lawrence Washington (1622–62); Catherine, who married James Paget of Northamptonshire; and Judith (1590-1625), who married Sir John Isham of Lamport Hall, near Northampton.
Lewin's heir was his second son, Justinian (1586 - 28 June 1620), who was a lawyer and a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to James I, and married, on 14 May 1607, Elizabeth Capel, the daughter of Arthur Capel of Little Hadham, Hertfordshire.
He died on 15 April 1598 and was buried in St Leonard's, Shoreditch. There is also a monumental inscription to him at Otterden, Kent.
- Lewin, William (c.1545-98), of London and Otterden, Kent, History of Parliament Retrieved 2 September 2013.
- Houlbrooke 2004.
- Metcalfe 1878, p. 56.
- Lewin, William at historyofparliamentonline.org
- Goldsmith, Francis (d.1586), of London and Crayford, Kent, History of Parliament Retrieved 31 August 2013.
- First cousin of Lawrence Washington, great-great grandfather of George Washington.
- Washington, Lawrence (1622-62), of Garsdon, Wiltshire, History of Parliament Retrieved 2 September 2013.
- 'ANNE GOULDSMITH (d. before March 31, 1604)', A Who’s Who of Tudor Women: G, compiled by Kathy Lynn Emerson to update and correct Wives and Daughters: The Women of Sixteenth-Century England (1984) Retrieved 2 September 2013.
- Houlbrooke, Ralph (2004). "Lewin, William (d. 1598)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/16568. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) "Lewin, William (d.1598)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- May, Steven W. (2004). "Vere, Anne de, countess of Oxford (1556–1588)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/46899. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Metcalfe, Walter C., ed. (1878). The Visitations of Essex. London: Harleian Society. p. 56. Retrieved 31 August 2013.
- Peile, I. 69
- Visitation of Kent, 1619
- Cooper, II. 345; III. 101
- Will of Doctor William Lewin, Doctor of Civil Law, Judge of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury and Master of Her Majesty's High Court of Chancery of Otterden, Kent, proved 23 May 1598, PROB 11/91/472, National Archives Retrieved 1 September 2013
- Will of Francis Goldsmith, gentleman, of Crayford, Kent, proved 13 May 1586, PROB 11/69/267, National Archives Retrieved 1 September 2013