William Lloyd Hoyt
|William Lloyd Hoyt, O.C., Q.C., M.A.|
|Chief Justice of New Brunswick|
|Preceded by||Stuart G. Stratton|
|Succeeded by||Joseph Daigle|
|25th President of the New Brunswick Branch of the Canadian Bar Association|
|Preceded by||Wallace S. Turnbull|
|Succeeded by||Wayne R. Chapman, Q.C.|
September 13, 1930 |
Saint John, New Brunswick
|Alma mater||B.A., Acadia University
B.A. (Law) and M.A., Emmanuel College, Cambridge
|Awards||Order of Canada|
Early life and education
Born in Saint John, New Brunswick, Hoyt received a Bachelor of Arts degree and a Master of Arts degree from Acadia University in 1952. He received a Bachelor of Arts in Law from Emmanuel College, Cambridge in 1956 and a Master of Arts degree from Cambridge in 1979.
Legal and judicial career
Hoyt was called to the Bar of New Brunswick in 1957 and joined the Fredericton law firm of Limerick & Limerick. He became a partner just two years later, in 1959. From 1959 to 1961, he was a part-time lecturer at the University of New Brunswick. He practised law until 1981, when he was made a judge of the Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick. In 1984, he was appointed to the New Brunswick Court of Appeal. He was Chief Justice of New Brunswick from 1993 to 1998.
Canadian Bar Association
In 1977, in the aftermath of the election of the separatist Parti Québécois government in 1976, he was asked to sit on the CBA Committee on the Constitution. The mandate of the Committee was to study and make recommendations on the Constitution of Canada. The members of the Committee were drawn from each province of Canada, and included two future provincial premiers, a future Supreme Court of Canada justice, two future provincial chief justices (Hoyt and Clyde Wells), and a future Canadian Ambassador to the United Nations. The Committee presented its report to the CBA at the next annual meeting, in 1978. The Committee made wide-ranging recommendations for constitutional change, including a completely new constitution, abolishing the monarchy, changing the Senate, entrenching language rights and a bill of rights, and changing the balance of powers between the federal government and the provinces.
"Bloody Sunday" inquiry
In 1998, the British government appointed Hoyt as a member of the Bloody Sunday Inquiry, set up to establish a definitive version of the events of Sunday 30 January 1972 in Derry, Northern Ireland. The other members of the Inquiry were Lord Saville, a lord of appeal in ordinary of the House of Lords and John Toohey, a retired judge of the High Court of Australia. The Inquiry prepared a major report which was completed in 2013, and found that British soldiers had shot first, at unarmed civilians. Prime Minister Cameron formally apologized in the House of Commons the day the report issued.
Beaverbrook Art Gallery
Hoyt was also involved with the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, the provincial art gallery of New Brunswick. He was a Governor from 1979 to 1986 and was Chairman of the acquisitions committee from 1980 to 1986.
- 1972 Queen's Counsel in 1972.
- 1997 Honorary Doctorate of Laws (LL.D.), St. Thomas University.
- 1998 Honorary Doctorate of Laws (LL.D.), University of New Brunswick
- 2001 Honorary Doctorate of Civil Law (D.C.L.), Acadia University
- 2007 Officer of the Order of Canada in recognition for being "one of New Brunswick's most esteemed lawyers and jurists".
- "The Honourable William Hoyt". Emmanuel College, Cambridge.
- Canadian Bar Association - New Brunswick Branch: Past Presidents Of The New Brunswick Branch.
- CBA Resolution 77-01-A: Constitution of Canada - Special Committee; reproduced in Canadian Bar Association: Towards a new Canada - Committee on the Constitution, p. xv.
- Report of The Bloody Sunday Inquiry.
- "Bloody Sunday killings 'unjustified and unjustifiable' ", BBC, June 15, 2010.
- "Canadian Who's Who 1997 entry". University of Toronto Press.
- Order of Canada citation