William Lutley Sclater
|William Lutley Sclater|
|Born||23 September 1863|
|Died||4 July 1944
|Occupation||zoologist; museum director|
|Spouse(s)||Charlotte Mellen Stephenson|
|Parent(s)||Philip Lutley Sclater|
William Lutley Sclater (23 September 1863 – 4 July 1944) was a British zoologist and museum director. He was the son of Philip Lutley Sclater and was named after his paternal grandfather, also William Lutley Sclater.
William's mother, Jane Anne Eliza, was the daughter of Sir David Hunter-Blair and a sister-in-law of Sir Walter Elliot the Indian naturalist. Sclater received his Master of Arts degree in Natural Science from Keble College at Oxford in 1885. He worked for two years as a Demonstrator at Cambridge under Professor Adam Sedgwick and went on a collecting trip to British Guiana in 1886. He published about birds in the Ibis in 1887. In the same year, he received an appointment as a deputy superintendent of the Indian Museum in Calcutta from 1887 until 1891, when he joined the science faculty of Eton College.
It was at Eton that he met his future wife, Charlotte Mellen Stephenson, an American divorcée whose two sons attended the school. The couple were married at St. George's Cathedral in London on 1 February 1896 at St. George, shortly after which they moved to Cape Town, South Africa. Here, Sclater took up the position of curator at the South African Museum, whose collections he reorganized and moved into a new facility. During his time in South Africa, he continued his scientific writings, including completion of the work Flora and Fauna of South Africa. He also completed the four-volume series The Birds of South Africa, begun by Dr Arthur Stark; the five-volume Birds of Africa, begun by Captain George Shelley; and The Birds of Kenya Colony and the Uganda Protectorate, begun by Sir Frederick John Jackson.
In 1906, following a dispute with the Museum's board of trustees, Sclater resigned as curator. He traveled with his wife through Mombasa, Lake Victoria, Khartoum, and Cairo before returning to England. He then moved to Colorado Springs, Colorado, which had been founded by Charlotte's brother-in-law, General William Jackson Palmer. Palmer offered Sclater a small estate outside the city and a professorship at Colorado College. Here, he helped in reorganizing the museum. When the general died in 1909, the couple returned to England.
From 1909 Sclater became curator of the Bird Room at the Natural History Museum. While working there he compiled the Systema Avium Aethiopicarum (1924 - 1930), a scholarly work that assisted further research. He worked there until his death in 1944.
In 1912, Sclater published A History of the Birds of Colorado in two volumes. During the Great War, he volunteered for the Soldiers' and Sailors' Families Association. Both his stepsons were killed in action during the war. Sclater was editor of Ibis from 1913 to 1930, editor of the Zoological Record from 1921 to 1937, president of the British Ornithologists' Union from 1928 to 1933, and secretary of the Royal Geographical Society from 1931 to 1943. In 1919 and 1920, he and his wife traveled around the globe. In 1930, he was awarded the Godman-Salvin Gold Medal.
In 1942, Charlotte died of injuries sustained during the bombing of London. Two years later, William Sclater died at St. George's Hospital, two days after a V-1 flying bomb fell over his home at 10 Sloane Court in London on Sunday, 2 July 1944.
- Grant, C.H.B. (1945). "Obituary: William Lutley Sclater". Ibis. 87 (1): 115–121. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.1945.tb01364.x.
- George R. Clerk and D. A. Bannerman (1944). "Obituary: William Lutley Sclater". The Geographical Journal. 104 (1/2): 68–69.
- K.H.B. (1948). "William Lutley Sclater". Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 31 (5): xlvii–xlviii. doi:10.1080/00359194809518957.
- R.E.M. (1946). "Obituary" (PDF). Journal of The East Africa Natural History Society. XIX (1 & 2): 73–74. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "Sclater". The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
- "Sclater". Amphibian Species of the World 6.0, an Online Reference. American Museum of Natural History. research.amnh.org./vz/herpetology/amphibia.
- Chrono-Biographical Sketch: William Lutley Sclater
- Iziko South African museum: William Lutley Sclater
Lord Lionel Walter Rothschild
|President of the British Ornithologists' Union