William Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton

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The Lord Lyttelton

Sir William Henry Lyttelton.jpg
Governor of Jamaica
Preceded byHenry Moore
(acting)
Succeeded byRoger Hope Elletson
Colonial Governor of South Carolina
Preceded byJames Glen
Succeeded byThomas Pownall
Personal details
Born24 December 1724
Died14 September 1808(1808-09-14) (aged 83)
Spouse(s)Martha Macartney
Caroline Bristow
Children5, including:
George Lyttelton, 2nd Baron Lyttelton
William Lyttelton, 3rd Baron Lyttelton
ParentsSir Thomas Lyttelton, 4th Baronet
Christian Temple
St John the Baptist Church, Hagley, memorial to William Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton (1724–1808)

William Henry Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton MP (24 December 1724 – 14 September 1808) was a British peer, politician, and colonial administrator from the Lyttelton family. He was the youngest son of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, 4th Baronet.

Biography[edit]

As the youngest son, he did not expect to inherit the family estates and served in various government appointments. He became governor of colonial South Carolina in 1755. As such he was a major factor in the eventual story of America's independence. His insistence on respecting the treaty rights of native peoples aggravated settlers on the frontier of South Carolina and led to a severe rift between those respecting the King's directives and those opposed.[citation needed]

The opposing factions eventually fought the civil war in South Carolina that was perhaps the key factor in America's independence. He was appointed Governor of Jamaica in 1760, but he was recalled after he lost a standoff with the Jamaican House of the Assembly, and its leader, Nicholas Bourke, over who should stand costs for the island's defence.[1] He was appointed envoy-extraordinary to Portugal in 1766. He was raised to the Irish peerage in 1776 as Baron Westcote.[2]

As a result of the death without issue of his nephew Thomas Lyttelton, 2nd Baron Lyttelton in 1779, he inherited the family baronetcy (see Lyttelton Baronets) and family estates in Frankley, Halesowen, and Hagley, including Hagley Hall. However, the estates in Upper Arley passed to the late lord's sister Lucy, wife of Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Mountnorris.[citation needed] In 1794, Lord Westcote was also created Baron Lyttelton in the Peerage of Great Britain. He married twice. His first wife was Martha, daughter and coheir of James Macartney of Longford, nephew and coheir of Ambrose Aungier, 2nd Earl of Longford. They had three children including George Fulke, his successor. His second wife was Caroline Bristow, daughter of John Bristow, MP and merchant, by whom he had two children including William Henry Lyttelton, 3rd Baron Lyttelton.

References[edit]

  • Attig, Clarence John. "William Henry Lyttelton: A Study in Colonial Administration." Ph.D. diss., University of Nebraska, 1958.
  • "Lyttelton, William Henry (1724-1808)" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  • Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
  • Burkes Peerage and Baronetage (1939), s.v. Cobham, Viscount
Specific
  1. ^ Christer Petley, White Fury: A Jamaican Slaveholder and the Age of Revolution (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018), pp. 101-2.
  2. ^ "LYTTELTON, William Henry (1724-1808)". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 18 February 2018.

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
James Glen
Colonial Governor of South Carolina
1756–1760
Succeeded by
Thomas Pownall
Preceded by
Henry Moore
(acting)
Governor of Jamaica
1762–1766
Succeeded by
Roger Hope Elletson
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Unknown
Envoy to Portugal
1766–1770
Succeeded by
Hon. Robert Walpole
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Bowles
Member of Parliament for Bewdley
1748–1755
Succeeded by
William Finch
Preceded by
Sir Edward Winnington, Bt
Member of Parliament for Bewdley
1774–1790
Succeeded by
George Fulke Lyttelton
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Baron Lyttelton
1794–1808
Succeeded by
George Fulke Lyttelton
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Baron Westcote
1776–1808
Succeeded by
George Fulke Lyttelton
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Lyttelton
Baronet
(of Frankley)
1779–1808
Succeeded by
George Fulke Lyttelton