William Lytton

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Sir William Lytton (29 September 1586 – 14 August 1660) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1648.[1] He supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War.


Lytton was the son of Sir Rowland Lytton of Knebworth, and his wife Anne St John, daughter of Oliver St John, 1st Baron St John of Bletso and widow of Robert Corbet.[2] He was educated at Westminster school (1601-2) and Emmanuel College, Cambridge and succeeded his father in 1615, inheriting the Knebworth estate. He was knighted on 25 July 1624.

He was appointed High Sheriff of Hertfordshire for 1625-26 and deputy lieutenant of the county from 1625 to 1630.

In 1628, Lytton was elected Member of Parliament for Hertfordshire. In April 1640, he was re-elected MP for Herefordshire in the Short Parliament and then in November 1640 for the Long Parliament.[3] Lytton supported the Parliamentary cause in the Civil War and was one of the commissioners sent by Parliament and received by King Charles who tried to negotiate peace at Oxford in 1643,[2] (They failed to reach terms and the war was to continue for three more years). Lytton was excluded from parliament under Pride's Purge in 1648.[citation needed]

OON his death he was buried at Knebworth and succeeded by his son Rowland.


Lytton married firstly Anne Slaney, daughter of Stephen Slaney of Norton Shropshire. He married secondly Ruth Barrington, daughter of Francis Barrington of Barrington Hall.[2] His son Rowland was later MP for Hertfordshire.


Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir John Boteler
Sir Thomas Dacres
Member of Parliament for Hertfordshire
With: Sir Thomas Dacres
Succeeded by
Parliament suspended until 1640
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Hertfordshire
With: Arthur Capel 1640–1641
Sir Thomas Dacres 1641–1648
Succeeded by
Not represented in the Rump Parliament