William M. Stone
William Milo Stone
|6th Governor of Iowa|
January 14, 1864 – January 16, 1868
|Preceded by||Samuel J. Kirkwood|
|Succeeded by||Samuel Merrill|
|Member of the Iowa House of Representatives|
|Born||October 14, 1827|
Jefferson County, New York, U.S.
|Died||July 18, 1893 (aged 65)|
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Territory, U.S.
|Resting place||Graceland Cemetery, Knoxville, Iowa|
|Political party||Republican Party of Iowa|
Stone's family moved from New York to Coshocton, Ohio in 1834. He read law there and was admitted to the bar in 1851. In 1854, he moved to Knoxville, Iowa, where he opened a law practice and bought the local newspaper. In 1856, he was a delegate to the convention that formed the Republican Party, and he was an elector for 1856 Republican presidential nominee John C. Frémont. He was an enthusiastic supporter of Abraham Lincoln at the 1860 Republican convention, and was so again in 1864. From 1857 to 1861, he served as a state district court judge. He married Caroline Mathews in 1857; they had one child, William A. Stone.
After the attack on Fort Sumter in 1861, Stone enlisted as a private in the Union Army. He was quickly promoted to captain, and then major, of Company B, Third Iowa Infantry. He fought and was wounded at the Battle of Liberty, but returned to fight at the Battle of Shiloh, where he was taken prisoner. Stone was paroled by Jefferson Davis and sent to Washington, D.C. to negotiate an exchange of prisoners; after initially failing to reach an agreement, he returned to Confederate captivity, was again paroled, and was released after an exchange agreement was reached. In 1862, Stone was promoted to colonel of the 22nd Iowa Infantry. He led that unit in the Vicksburg Campaign, and was again wounded at the Battle of Vicksburg.
Stone was named the Republican nominee for governor in June 1863, and resigned from the Union Army in August. He was elected by a large margin in the general election, defeating Union general James Madison Tuttle. He was reelected in 1865. During his terms, he dealt with several difficult issues, including making sure Iowa met its 1864 draft quotas, and supporting voting rights for black Iowa citizens. It is reputed by some sources that Stone was present in April 1865 when Lincoln was assassinated at Ford's Theatre, and that Stone helped carry the wounded Lincoln across the street. However, no known primary or contemporaneous accounts describe that happening, and in fact, it is otherwise known that four members of a Pennsylvania artillery regiment actually handled the President. On February 22, 1866, Stone appointed Emily Calkins Stebbins as a notary public which made Stebbins the first such woman to hold that position in the United States.
After leaving the governor's office in 1868, Stone served one term in the Iowa House of Representatives (1877–78), and was appointed Assistant Commissioner and then Commissioner of the U.S. General Land Office. He died of pneumonia in 1893 in Oklahoma, where he had moved to practice law and live with his son. He is buried at Graceland Cemetery in Knoxville, Iowa.
- National Governors Association
- Lawrence Kestenbaum. "The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Stone". Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "The Pittsburgh soldiers who carried the dying president". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Full text of "The assassination of Abraham Lincoln"". Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- Winona Evans, Reeves (1914). The Blue Book of Iowa Women. p. 189 – via Archive.org.
- Portrait and Biographical Album, Muscatine County, Iowa, 1889, page 131
- History of Iowa From the Earliest Times To The Beginning of the Twentieth Century, Volume IV, 1903
- The 22nd Iowa Infantry
|Offices and distinctions|