William M. Tuck
|William M. Tuck|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 5th district
April 14, 1953 – January 3, 1969
|Preceded by||Thomas B. Stanley|
|Succeeded by||Dan Daniel|
|55th Governor of Virginia|
January 16, 1946 – January 18, 1950
|Lieutenant||Lewis Preston Collins II|
|Preceded by||Colgate Darden|
|Succeeded by||John S. Battle|
|25th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia|
January 21, 1942 – January 16, 1946
|Preceded by||Saxon Winston Holt|
|Succeeded by||Lewis Preston Collins II|
|Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 10th district
January 13, 1932 – January 14, 1942
|Preceded by||James Stone Easley|
|Succeeded by||James D. Hagood|
|Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Halifax County|
January 9, 1924 – January 13, 1932
Alongside John Glass, Samuel Adams and A. Owen King
|Preceded by||Daniel W. Owen|
|Succeeded by||Roy B. Davis|
|Born||William Munford Tuck
September 28, 1896
Halifax, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||June 9, 1983
South Boston, Virginia, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Eva Ellis Lovelace Dillard|
|Alma mater||College of William & Mary
Washington & Lee University
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1918–1919|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
He was the youngest son of Halifax County, Virginia tobacco warehouseman Robert James Tuck and Virginia Susan Fritts. Tuck graduated from the College of William and Mary, earning a teacher's certificate. He served in U.S. Marine Corps in 1917 in the Caribbean. He graduated from Washington and Lee University School of Law in 1921 and was admitted to Virginia bar then was a Halifax, Virginia attorney who also served in both houses of the Virginia General Assembly and as the 25th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 1942 to 1946. As governor, he reorganized state government, enacted a right-to-work law, and created a state water pollution control agency.
Tuck was elected as a Democrat to U.S. Congress seat in 1953 to assume vacancy created by Thomas Bahnson Stanley who had resigned to run for Governor of Virginia. There he opposed most major items of civil rights legislation during the 1950s and 1960s. He also promised "massive resistance" to the Supreme Court's 1954 decision banning segregation, Brown v. Board of Education, and helped draft the Stanley plan—a series of state laws designed to legally avoid Brown. Tuck was a member of the U.S. House of Representative's Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC).
He is buried in Oak Ridge Cemetery, South Boston, Virginia.
He was a delegate to Democratic National Conventions of 1948 and 1952.
His personal papers, including papers from his time as congressman and governor, are held by the Special Collections Research Center at the College of William & Mary. His executive papers from his time as governor are held by the Library of Virginia.
- 1945; Tuck was elected Governor of Virginia with 66.57% of the vote, defeating Republican Sidney Floyd Landreth and Independent Howard Hearnes Carwile.
- 1953; Tuck was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives with 57.81% of the vote in a special election, defeating Republican Lorne R. Campbell.
- 1954; Tuck was re-elected unopposed.
- 1956; Tuck was re-elected unopposed.
- 1958; Tuck was re-elected unopposed.
- 1960; Tuck was re-elected unopposed.
- 1962; Tuck was re-elected unopposed.
- 1964; Tuck was re-elected with 63.47% of the vote, defeating Republican Robert L. Gilliam.
- 1966; Tuck was re-elected with 56.18% of the vote, defeating Republican Gilliam.
- "William Munford Tuck Papers". Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission (June 1978). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Buckshoal Farm" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources.
- "TUCK, William Munford, (1896–1983)", Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- "TUCK, Governor William Munford", South Boston Halifax County Museum of Fine Arts and History
- "Gov. & Mrs. William M. Tuck". Historical Sketches, 1884–1984. Halifax County, Virginia: South Boston Steering Committee, OldHalifax.com. Retrieved November 10, 2008.
|Governor of Virginia
John S. Battle
Saxon Winston Holt
|Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
Lewis Preston Collins II
|United States House of Representatives|
Thomas B. Stanley
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 5th congressional district
W. C. "Dan" Daniel