William Mabane, 1st Baron Mabane
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Mabane
|Minister of State for Foreign Affairs|
25 May 1945 – 26 July 1945
|Prime Minister||Winston Churchill|
|Preceded by||Richard Law|
|Succeeded by||Philip Noel-Baker|
|Born||12 January 1895|
|Died||16 November 1969|
|Spouse(s)||(1) Louise Tanton
(2) Stella Duggan
|Alma mater||Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge|
Background and education
The son of Joseph Greenwood Mabane and Margaret (née Steele) of Leeds, he was educated at Woodhouse Grove School and at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. He was commissioned in 1914 and served in the Near East and France in World War I as a captain with the East Yorkshire Regiment; he was wounded and mentioned in despatches. He later became a businessman and merchant.
Mabane was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Huddersfield in 1931 and lost his seat in 1945. Mabane's exact party label was confused for much of his time in the Commons. His local Liberal association was affiliated to the official Liberals until 1939, but Mabane was frequently listed as being a National Liberal, which he repeatedly sought to deny, despite supporting the National Government when the official Liberals had ceased to. He lost his seat to Labour in 1945, when he was opposed by an official Liberal candidate, Roy Harrod. The standard authoritative work by F.W.S. Craig indicates he was a National Liberal throughout his tenure, as does the contemporary Times Guide to the House of Commons. The town remained an area of strength for liberals and at the 1950 general election, the Liberal Donald Wade won Huddersfield West in a straight fight against Labour.
He entered the government as Assistant Postmaster-General under Neville Chamberlain in September 1939, an office he only held until October, when he was made Minister for Home Security. When Winston Churchill succeeded Chamberlain as Prime Minister in May 1940, Mabane was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Home Department, a post he held jointly with Ellen Wilkinson from October of that year. He later served under Churchill as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Food from 1942 to 1945 and as Minister of State for Foreign Affairs between May and July 1945.
He was sworn of the Privy Council in the 1944 New Year Honours and a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in 1954. In 1962 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Mabane, of Rye in the County of Sussex. He was tenant of Lamb House, the National Trust property in Rye, East Sussex.
Apart from his political career he was also chairman (1960–1963) and president (1964–1966) of the British Travel Association.
Lord Mabane was twice married. He married firstly Louise, daughter of E. Tanton, in 1918. They were divorced in 1926. He married secondly Stella Jane, daughter of J. Duggan, in 1944. He died in November 1969, aged 74, when the barony became extinct.
Styles of address
- 1895–1931: Mr William Mabane
- 1931–1944: Mr William Mabane MP
- 1944–1945: The Rt Hon. William Mabane MP
- 1945–1954: The Rt Hon. William Mabane
- 1954–1962: The Rt Hon. Sir William Mabane KBE
- 1962–1969: The Rt Hon. The Lord Mabane KBE PC
- London Gazette Issue 28981, 20 November 1914. Page 19
- "William Mabane, 1st and last Baron Mabane". The Peerage. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "The House of Commons constituencies beginning with 'H': Horncastle to Hythe". Leigh Rayment. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
- The British General Election of 1945 by R. B. McCallum, Alison Readman
- British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
- "William Mabane and Huddersfield Politics, 1931–1947: 'By Any Other Name a Liberal'" by Dutton, David Northern History, Volume 43, Number 1, March 2006 , pp. 137-153(17)
- "(Supplement) no. 36309". The London Gazette. 31 December 1943. p. 1.
- "no. 40188". The London Gazette. 10 June 1954. p. 3267.
- "no. 42708". The London Gazette. 19 June 1962. p. 4937.
- The Age 10 January 1963
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by William Mabane
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
James Hindle Hudson
|Member of Parliament for Huddersfield
Sir Walter Womersley
September 1940–October 1940
|Minister for Home Security
Sir John Anderson
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Home Department
with Ellen Wilkinson October 1940–June 1942
May 1940–June 1942
Gwilym Lloyd George
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Food
|Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Baron Mabane