William Malet (companion of William the Conqueror)

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For other people named William Malet, see William Malet (disambiguation).

William Malet (died 1071) is one of the very few proven Companions of William the Conqueror known to have been present at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, as recorded by the contemporary chronicler William of Poitiers (c. 1020-1090). He held substantial property in Normandy, chiefly in the Pays de Caux, with a castle at Graville-Ste-Honorine, at the mouth of the River Seine near Harfleur (nowadays a suburb of Le Havre).

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Legend has it that his mother was English, and that he was the uncle of King Harold II of England's second wife Edith. The claim was that he had a sister Aelgifu who married Ælfgar, Earl of Mercia, the son of Lady Godiva and the father of Harold's second wife Edith.

Battle of Hastings[edit]

Divided loyalties or no, Malet fought on the Norman side at Hastings. William of Poitiers wrote as follows: "His (King Harold's) corpse was brought into the Duke's camp and William gave it for burial to William, surnamed Malet, and not to Harold's mother, who offered for the body of her beloved son its weight in gold".[1] Malet is not described by William of Poitiers as active during the battle, but rather as present in the Duke's camp after the battle. This should however suffice to deem him one of the very few proven participants in the battle.

High Sheriff[edit]

Malet's activities during the first few years of the Norman conquest of England are not known. But after the Danish stronghold York was captured in 1068, he was appointed the first High Sheriff of Yorkshire and was one of the commanders of the garrisons in the new castles built in the city of York. His efforts at defending the shire from Danish raids were, in the end, a terrible failure, for the next year the city was burned and the garrison slaughtered. Malet, his wife, and two of their children were held as hostages, and finally released when the Danes were driven off.

Malet was relieved of his duties in the north, but seems to not have lost the king's favour, for he soon was appointed High Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, and given the great honour of Eye, with lands in Suffolk and several other shires. It was in fact the largest lordship in East Anglia. He built a motte and bailey castle at Eye, and started a market there.

In Histories and the Media[edit]

The Domesday Book also mentions a Durand Malet, who held land in Lincolnshire[2] and possibly some neighboring shires. This may be William Malet's brother, but this is not certain.

On screen, Malet has been portrayed by Peter Halliday in the two-part BBC TV play Conquest (1966), part of the series Theatre 625, and by Gawn Grainger in the TV drama Blood Royal: William the Conqueror (1990).

Family[edit]

He had married Hesilia (Helise or Elisee) Crispin de Brionne, a great-grand daughter[dubious ] of Rollo, 1st Duke of Normandy. He was succeeded by his son Robert as Lord of Eye and Sheriff of Suffolk. His other son Gilbert founded the Malets of Shepton Mallet.

Death[edit]

He died around 1071, probably during the rebellion of Hereward the Wake.

Preceded by
New Creation
After Norman Conquest
High Sheriff of Yorkshire
1068-1069
Succeeded by
Hugh FitzBaldric
Preceded by
New Creation
After Norman Conquest
High Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk
1070-1071
Succeeded by
Robert Malet
Preceded by
New Creation
After Norman Conquest
Lord of Eye
The Honour of Eye

-1071
Succeeded by
Robert Malet
Preceded by
Lord of Graville (Normandy)
-1071
Succeeded by
Robert Malet

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wm. of Poitiers, Gesta Guillelmi II Ducis Normannorum, quoted in David C.Douglas & George W. Greenaway (Eds.), English Historical Documents 1042-1189, London, 1959, p.229.
  2. ^ Domesday Book
  • Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700 by Frederick Lewis Weis, Line 234A-25
  • Hollister, C. Warren (1973). "Henry I and Robert Malet". Viator 4: 115–32. 
  • Hurt, Cyril. "William Malet and His Family". Anglo-Norman Studies XIX. 
  • Lewis, C. P. (1989). "The King and Eye: A Study in Anglo-Norman Politics". English Historical Review 104: 569–87. doi:10.1093/ehr/CIV.CCCCXII.569.