William Manning (colonial governor)
Sir William Henry Manning
GCMG KBE CB
|23rd Governor of British Ceylon|
10 September 1918 – 1 April 1925
|Preceded by||Reginald Edward Stubbs
|Succeeded by||Cecil Clementi
|Commissioner of British Somaliland|
February 1910 – November 1910
|Preceded by||Harry Edward Spiller Cordeaux|
|Succeeded by||Horace Byatt|
|Governor of Nyasaland (acting)|
6 February 1911 – 23 September 1913
|Preceded by||Henry Richard Wallis (acting)|
|Succeeded by||George Smith|
|Governor of Jamaica|
7 March 1913 – 11 May 1918
|Preceded by||Philip Clark Cork|
|Succeeded by||Robert Johnstone|
|Born||19 July 1863|
|Died||1 January 1932 (aged 68)|
Manning was educated at the University of Cambridge as a non-collegiate student and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst and was commissioned a Lieutenant in the South Wales Borderers in 1886. In 1888 he transferred to the Indian Army, and served in the 51st Sikhs. He was wounded in the Second Burmese War and also served in the First Miranzai Expedition and the Hazara Expedition on the North-West Frontier in 1891. He commanded the Mlanja and Chirad-Zulu expeditions in British Central Africa in 1893–1894.
In 1897 he was appointed Deputy Commissioner and Consul-General for British Central Africa and commander of its Armed Forces with the local rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, and served as Acting Commissioner for nearly two years. He commanded the operations against Chief Mpezeni in North-East Rhodesia in 1898, for which he was promoted Brevet Major in 1898 and Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel in 1899. During this time he raised and commanded the Central Africa Regiment and was the first Inspector-General of the King's African Rifles, 1901–1907, with the local rank of Brigadier-General (although his substantive rank was still Captain). During Spring 1902 he undertook an official tour through Uganda and the East African Protectorate, returning to England in June that year. From December 1902 to 1903 he also commanded the Somaliland Field Force and from 1903 to 1904 he commanded its 1st Brigade. In April 1903 he defeated the Mad Mullah's army in battle, inflicting 2,000 casualties. For services in Somaliland he was appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1903 and Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KCMG) in 1904. In February 1904 he was promoted Brevet Colonel and in August 1904 he was finally promoted to the substantive rank of Major.
In February 1910 Manning was appointed Commissioner and Commander-in-Chief of the Somaliland Protectorate and in November 1910 Governor and C-in-C of the Nyasaland Protectorate, where the border post Fort Manning (today Mchinji, Malawi) was named after him. He retired from the Indian Army in December 1910.
In February 1913 he became Governor of Jamaica and was granted the perpetual honorary rank of Brigadier-General, which he had held for most of his service since 1901. In September 1918 he was appointed Governor of Ceylon. He was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1918 and Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG) in the 1921 New Year Honours. He retired in 1925.
- Obituary, The Times, 4 January 1932
- "Manning, William Henry (MNN883WH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- The London Gazette: . 24 August 1886.
- The London Gazette: . 9 October 1888.
- The London Gazette: . 5 October 1897.
- The London Gazette: . 24 January 1899.
- The London Gazette: . 3 October 1899.
- The London Gazette: . 12 November 1901.
- "Naval & Military intelligence" The Times (London). Wednesday, 18 June 1902. (36797), p. 14.
- The London Gazette: . 3 March 1903.
- The London Gazette: . 7 August 1903.
- The London Gazette: . 6 September 1904.
- The London Gazette: . 13 December 1904.
- The London Gazette: . 9 December 1904.
- The London Gazette: . 22 February 1910.
- The London Gazette: . 11 November 1910.
- The London Gazette: . 6 January 1911.
- The London Gazette: . 18 February 1913.
- The London Gazette: . 4 February 1913.
- The London Gazette: . 1 January 1921.
Reginald Edward Stubbs
|Governor of British Ceylon