William Ramsay McNab
William Ramsay McNab (1844 – 3 December 1889) was a Scottish physician and botanist.
William Ramsay McNab, son of James McNab, was born on 9 November 1844 in Edinburgh. He was the only son, but had five sisters. William's father, James, was a horticulturist and principal gardener from 1849 of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. William's grandfather, also William McNab, was foreman at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
William was the husband of J. L. McNab, he also had children however very little is known about the family he cared for.
His father, James McNab, was also an accomplished scientist, also a botanist he was the previous horticulturist and principal gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden.
In 1877 William Robinson described his father as being: "among the faithful few who never deserted the beautiful hardy flora of our gardens for the famous red and yellow streaks that sometimes disfigure even our great botanic gardens. His knowledge of these in such a national garden is most precious. It comprises the culture and habits of the plants, in addition to a mere acquaintance with their names and relationships." (The Garden, 29 Dec 1877, 16)
In 1808, while at Kew, McNab's father, James, married Elizabeth (1777/8–1844), third daughter of Joseph and Judith Whiteman of London. They had five sons and four daughters.
McNab was educated at the Edinburgh Academy. He then continued his education at the University of Edinburgh, where he studied medicine and botany. He then studied in Berlin for a year under Alexander Braun and Karl Koch and also pathological anatomy under Rudolf Virchow. He graduated MD in 1866.
William McNab (1780–1848) was employed in the Royal Gardens between 1801 and 1810. He originally worked under William Kerr (foreman) and William Townsend Aiton (curator). It was when William Kerr left his role to move to China that William McNab was promoted to foreman. William McNab was also employed at the Botanic Garden, Edinburgh between 1810 and 1848. His specimens from his time in Edinburgh do not appear to be as significant as those gathered beforehand at the Royal Gardens. He studied recently discovered species of plants and collected specimens from these new and often unnamed species. After his death in 1848, his Herbarium was passed down to his son, James McNab who added his own research (see Nelson and Dore, 1987; Nelson 1989) and sometime later the Herbarium was again passed down the family to William Ramsay McNab. After his appointment to the role of Professor of Botany in the Royal College of Science, he took the Herbarium to Dublin around 1872. The McNab's family collections of native British plants have not been officially organised although many of their findings are of historical interest. Their research includes rare and in some cases, even extinct species (see Nelson, 1995b)
Upon McNab's return to Britain from Berlin, he became an assistant physician in the Crichton Royal Institution, Dumfries (1867–70), but he decided to abandon medicine in pursuit of botany to become professor of natural history at the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester.
Assistant to Professor John Hutton Balfour at Edinburgh, McNab studied in Germany before graduating MD at Edinburgh University (1866). He was appointed professor of natural history at the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester in 1870. In 1871 he introduced Julius von Sachs's methods to English students.
"A thorough, precise laboratory demonstrator and a fluent, simple, entertaining lecturer, McNab is credited by the anonymous author of his obituary in Nature with introducing to British students, through his lectures at Cirencester in 1871, the incisive experimental methods of Julius Sachs (1832–1897). As no detailed information has been traced about McNab's lecture courses at Cirencester or elsewhere, this particular claim to distinction is difficult to verify; there were others who pioneered the teaching of experimental botany around the same time, such as Thomas Henry Huxley at the Royal School of Mines, and Sydney Vines at Cambridge. Nevertheless, if McNab was indeed teaching Sachs's methods as early as 1871, then that would have preceded both Huxley and Vines."
McNab was appointed to the chair of botany in the Royal College of Science, Dublin March 1872 (-89), and then scientific superintendent of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin. He was Swiney lecturer on geology at the British Museum.
McNab has written many books during his lifetime including: "Botany: Outlines of Classifications of Plants", "On the discoveries of Mr. John Jeffrey and Mr. Robert Brown, collectors to the botanical expeditions to British Columbia between the years 1850 and 1866, ... on the cultivation of certain species" and his work was explained in the book "Guide to the Royal botanic gardens, Glasnevin". McNab also wrote many articles for the Encyclopædia Britannica (9th edition).
William Ramsay McNab Died on 3 December 1889 in Dublin, Ireland. He suffered from heart disease and finally died at the age of 45. After his death, due to the monetary circumstances of his family, his wife was forced to support her family by: taking lodgers into their house, selling McNab's herbarium, library and scientific instruments.
Sale Of McNab Herbarium
The three weeks following McNab's death Frederick Moore (Curator, Glasnevin Botanic Gardens) wrote to the William Thiselton-Dyer at the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, reporting that he and Frederick Burbidge (Curator, Trinity College Botanic Gardens, Ballsbridge, Dublin) had spent three hours examining the late professor's herbarium. More informed Dyer that ‘the collections are in good order and some of the bundles are most interesting’. Moore later provided a synopsis of the contents of the herbarium. At that time the collections were housed in the McNab family home in the North Dublin suburb of Cabra.
The weeks following McNab’s death saw most of his collection begin the move to the National Museum in central Dublin. The collection consisted of 5 cases of specimens and was then received and stored in the museum on 29 January 1890. The reason for this sale was explained in a letter from McNab's widow, J. L. McNab, to Dr. Valentine Ball, Director of the Dublin Science and Art Institutions, explaining:
"I have undertaken to store Dr McNab's Herbarium. The Glasnevin cart will deliver it ... please see that the cases & are kept in the Herbarium rooms apart by themselves as they are private property."
Probate was granted on William Ramsay McNab's estate in February 1890, clearing the way for the sale of the herbarium, library and scientific instruments; Dr Ball was informed about the granting of probate. In March, Mrs McNab wrote again to Ball.
"Dear Dr Ball Mr. Dyer has written, asking if I will send some 50 bundles (No 4 in the advertisement) of the herbarium to Kew, for him to choose what will be useful to them there. Before doing so, I should be obliged if you will kindly say, if you think I should do this at once, or should I ask Mr. Dyer to wait, till the new Professor comes, in hopes that he may wish the herbarium to be bought as a whole for the Museum. I need not say how glad I shall be if this is done, & have it kept together, in Dublin. I hoped to sell the library, as a whole, to a bookseller, but cannot get a purchaser willing to pay the price put on it by friends who know the value. I may have to sell the books separately, as I can get purchasers. I am, dear Dr Ball, very truly yours. J. L. McNab."
- "On the Development of the flowers Welwitschia mirabilis" R. Taylor, 1873
- "Experiments on the movement of water in plants" Royal Irish Academy, 1875
- "Outlines of Classification" Longmans, Green, 1882
- "Outlines of Morphology and Physiology" Longmans, Green, 1883
- "Revisions of the species of Abies" General Books, 2010 (revised)
- On the Development of the flowers Welwitschia mirabilis
- Experiments on the movement of water in plants
- Outlines of Classification
- Outlines of Morphology and Physiology
- Revisions of the species of Abies
- Nelson, E. C. and Rourke, J. P. 1993. James Niven (1776–1827), a Scottish botanical collector at the Cape of Good Hope: his hortus siccus at the National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin (DBN), and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Kew Bulletin 48: 663–682.
- Nelson, E. C. and McCracken, E. M. 1987. The Brightest Jewel. A history of the National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin. Kilkenny: Boethius Press.
- Powell, Sr. M. and Morley, B. D. 1976. The Robert Brown material in the National Herbarium, Glasnevin, Dublin. [Glasra] Contributions from the National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin 1: 12–39.
- Vegter, A. H. 1983. Index Herbariorum, part II (5), Collectors N-R. Utrecht: Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema.
- Nelson, E. C. and Dore, W. G. 1987. James McNab's collections from eastern North America, 1834: some notes on nomenclature and type specimens in the National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Ireland (DBN). Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh 44: 343–349.
- Nelson, E. C. 1990. 'and flowers for our amusement...'; the early collecting and cultivation of Australian plants in Europe and the problems encountered by today's taxonomists, in Short, P. (editor). History of systematic botany in Australasia. Melbourne: Australian Systematic Botany Society Inc. pp. 285–296.
- Nelson, E. C. 1995b. Scottish botanical history preserved in the National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin (DBN). The Scottish naturalist 107: 137–162.
- E. CHARLES NELSON National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin 9. Glasra New Series vol. 1: pages 1–7, 1990.
- Aiton, W. T. 1810. Hortus Kewensis. Second edition. London.
- Ball, V. 1890. General guide to the Science and Art Museum, Dublin. Dublin: HMSO
- Boney, A. D. 1985. Appointment to a ‘Crown’ Chair of Botany; Glasgow 1885. The Linnean 1(6): 19–26.
- Crisp, M. D. 1990. On the typification of Brachysema latifolium R. Br. Glasra 1 (n.s.): 9.
- Desmond, R. G. C. 1994. Dictionary of British and Irish botanists and horticulturists. London: Taylor & Francis.
- Obituary notice in Nature 19 December 1889, xii, 159
- "Australian Systematic Botanical Society Newsletter, Number 122, March 2005".