William Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester
The Duke of Manchester
|Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard|
18 December 1905 – 20 April 1907
|Prime Minister||Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman|
|Preceded by||The Earl Waldegrave|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Allendale|
|Born||3 March 1877|
|Died||9 February 1947 (aged 69)
(m. 1900; div. 1931)
(m. 1931; his death 1947)
|Children||Lady Mary A. Montagu
Alexander Montagu, 10th Duke of Manchester
Lord Edward E. F. Montagu
Lady Ellen M. L. Montagu
|Parents||George Montagu, 8th Duke of Manchester
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
William Angus Drogo Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester (3 March 1877 – 9 February 1947), styled The Honourable William A. D. Montagu from 1877 to 1890 and Viscount Mandeville from 1890 to 1892, was a British peer and Liberal politician. He served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard from 1905 to 1907 under Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman.
Background and education
Manchester succeeded his father in the dukedom in 1892 at the age of fifteen, and took his seat on the Liberal benches in the House of Lords in June 1902. When the Liberals came to power in December 1905 under Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, he was appointed Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard. He retained this post until April 1907, but never held ministerial office again. Apart from his political career he also achieved the rank of Captain in the Lancashire Fusiliers.
Manchester was a notorious spendthrift, and as a result of the excessive spending of both him and the prior two Dukes, the family's fortune (already low) was completely exhausted, culminating in the sale of the family's lands during the tenure of the tenth Duke. He spent much of his life abroad, evading creditors, seeking out wealthy consorts, and attempting to extract money from wealthy acquaintances. He is perhaps most well known in America from the leading case of Hamilton v. Drogo, 150 N.E. 496 (N.Y. 1926), which concerned the establishment of a spendthrift trust for the benefit of the young Duke.
Manchester married firstly Helena Zimmerman, at London on 14 November 1900. She was the daughter of Eugene Zimmerman of Cincinnati, Ohio, a railroad president and major stockholder in Standard Oil. (The marriage was secret and his mother, Consuelo, was appalled by it.) They had four children:
- Lady Mary Alice Montagu (Kimbolton Castle, Huntingdonshire, 26 October 1901 – Mexico City, Mexico, 9 October 1962), married 1949 to Fendall Littlepage Gregory, without issue.
- Alexander George Francis Drogo Montagu, 10th Duke of Manchester.
- Lord Edward Eugene Fernando Montagu (London, 26 July 1906 – Mexico, 4 May 1954/1956), married firstly 10 August 1929 (divorced 1937) to Norah Macfarlane Potter, daughter of Albert Edward Potter of Ontario, Canada, and wife, secondly at Brighton, 28 August 1937 (divorced 1947) to Dorothy Vera Peters, thirdly in Mexico, 1947 to Martha Mathews Hatton Bowen (d. 1951), fourthly August 1952 to Cora Kellie, Baroness Kelly, a portrait painter, and fifthly at Cuernavaca, Mexico, 28 September 1953 to Roberta Herold Joughlin.
- Roderick Edward Alexander Montagu (b. 1 June 1930), married 1968 to Mary Deas.
- Lady Ellen Millicent Louise Montagu (Kylemore Castle, County Galway, 5 January 1908 – 2 August 1948), married firstly 1936 (divorced 1944) to Herman Martin Hofer and secondly 30 August 1945 to John Norman Shairp.
The Duke and Duchess of Manchester divorced in 1931. On 17 December 1931 Manchester married Kathleen Dawes (d. 28 March 1966), daughter of W. H. Dawes, Greenwich, Connecticut. There were no children from this marriage.
Styles of address
- 1877–1890: The Honourable William Montagu
- 1890–1892: Viscount Mandeville
- 1892–1947: His Grace The Duke of Manchester
|Ancestors of William Montagu, 9th Duke of Manchester|
- "LORD MANDEVILLE'S WEDDING.;". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 July 2015., Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Manchester, William Angus Drogo, Duke of (MNCR894WA)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Parliament - House of Lords". The Times (36802). London. 24 June 1902. p. 6.
- "DUKE OF MANCHESTER BANKRUPT; Petitions to the Court Included One from Himself.". The New York Times. 30 August 1900. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- David Cannadine, The Decline and Fall of the British Aristocracy, 403 (1990)
- "WILL OF DUCHESS IN COURT; Justice Here Asked to Construe Terms of Manchester Trust.". The New York Times. 19 June 1929. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
The Earl Waldegrave
|Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard
The Lord Allendale
|Peerage of Great Britain|
|Duke of Manchester
Alexander George Francis