William N. Doak
|William N. Doak|
The official portrait of William N. Doak hangs in the Department of Labor
|3rd United States Secretary of Labor|
December 9, 1930 – March 4, 1933
|Preceded by||James J. Davis|
|Succeeded by||Frances Perkins|
December 12, 1882|
Rural Retreat, Virginia, United States
|Died||October 23, 1933
McLean, Virginia, United States
|Resting place||Blacklick Cemetery, Blacklick, Virginia, United States|
(1883 - 1951)
|Relations||Canaro Draton Doak
Elizabeth Dutton Doak
William Nuckles Doak (December 12, 1882 – October 23, 1933) was an American labor leader. He was the Vice-President of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and served as Secretary of Labor. He died of cardiovascular disease in McLean, Virginia six months after retiring.
Doak was born in Rural Retreat, Virginia, on December 12, 1882, the son of Elizabeth (née Dutton) and Canaro Draton Doak. He attended from Virginia public and business, and was a Methodist.[clarification needed] Doak married Emma Maria Cricher, on October 15, 1908. Doak served as the Vice-President of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen from 1916 to 1928.
Department of Labor
On December 9, 1930, Doak was appointed by President Hoover to serve as Secretary of Labor. He encouraged the passing of the Davis-Bacon Act, which determined the prevailing wage to be paid on a government contract or federally funded construction project.
After President Herbert Hoover appointed Doak as secretary of labor, the Bureau of Immigration launched intensive raids to identify immigrants liable for deportation. Doak believed that removal of illegal aliens would reduce relief expenditures and free jobs for native-born citizens during the Great Depression.  Though there is no evidence that Doak made any effort to single out any specific ethnic group, this resulted in the targeting of the Mexican community.
In 1931, the National Commission on Law Observance and Enforcement, (the Wickersham Commission) found the methods employed by Doak's underlings to be unconstitutional.
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