William P. T. Hill
|William P. T. Hill|
February 22, 1895|
|Died||December 6, 1965
Bethesda Naval Hospital
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Marine Corps|
|Years of service||1917–1955|
|Commands held||Camp Lejeune|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Navy Distinguished Service Medal|
Hill was born in Vinita, Oklahoma, and attended Kemper Military School. He later graduated from Western Military Academy in Alton, Illinois. After his graduation from the University of Oklahoma, he entered active duty as a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps on 12 July 1917.
After attending flight school at the Naval Coastal Air Station in Cape May, New Jersey, Hill served as one of the Marine Corps' first aviators. In 1918, he served as a pilot with the 1st Marine Aeronautic Company, flying seaplane patrols in the Azores.
In 1920, he was assigned as a member of the Naval Alaskan Coal Commission, where he served as a geologist during the survey of Alaskan coal fields. As a Captain, he commanded a company assigned to the American Legation in Peking, China. While there, he participated in Doctor Roy Chapman Andrews' third expedition to the Gobi Desert in Mongolia, as the expedition topographer.
During World War II, he was initially assigned as the liaison officer during the construction of Camp Lejeune, and briefly served as Camp Commander during 1941. For his performance at Camp Lejeune, he was awarded the Navy Distinguished Service Medal.
In 1943, he was reassigned to Marine Corps headquarters for duty in the Quartermaster Department, becoming Quartermaster General on 1 February 1944, a position he held until his retirement in 1955. Victor Krulak, in First to Fight, described Hill as the "classic representative of the Quartermaster's tradition of fierce frugality....thrift was his watchword...
Major General Hill's ribbon bar:
|Naval Aviator Badge|
|1st Row||Navy Distinguished Service Medal||Navy Commendation Medal||Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal with service star|
|2nd Row||World War I Victory Medal with aviation clasp||American Defense Service Medal||American Campaign Medal||Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one service star|
|3rd Row||World War II Victory Medal||National Defense Service Medal||Haitian Distinguished Service Medal and Diploma||Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau with swords|
W.P.T. Hill Award
The W.P.T. Hill Award was established in 1985 to improve food service operation and recognize the best messes in the Marine Corps. Competitors are judged on areas such as operations, sanitation, taste and quality of food.
- "Major General William P.T. Hill, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 30 June 2008.
- "Now and Then". Marine Corps Gazette. February 1964.
- Hill, Captain W.P.T., (AQM), USMC (September 1929). "With Roy Chapman Andrews in Mongolia". Marine Corps Gazette.
- Krulak, Victor H. (1999). "Part IV: The Pennypinchers". First to Fight (Illustrated ed.). Naval Institute Press. pp. 146–147. ISBN 978-1-55750-464-7. Retrieved 26 January 2009.
- Staes, Pfc. Mary A. (January 15, 2008). "Georgia reserve unit wins food service award'". Marine Forces Reserve. Retrieved 26 January 2009.