William P. T. Hill

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William P. T. Hill
William PT Hill.jpg
Born (1895-02-22)February 22, 1895
Vinita, Oklahoma
Died December 6, 1965(1965-12-06) (aged 70)
Bethesda Naval Hospital
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch Seal of the United States Marine Corps.svg United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1917–1955
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Commands held Camp Lejeune
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Navy Distinguished Service Medal

William Pendleton Thompson Hill (22 February 1895–6 December 1965) was a United States Marine Corps major general who served as Quartermaster General of the Marine Corps from 1944 to 1955.

Early life[edit]

Hill was born in Vinita, Oklahoma, and attended Kemper Military School. He later graduated from Western Military Academy in Alton, Illinois. After his graduation from the University of Oklahoma, he entered active duty as a second lieutenant in the Marine Corps on 12 July 1917.[1]

Military career[edit]

After attending flight school at the Naval Coastal Air Station in Cape May, New Jersey, Hill served as one of the Marine Corps' first aviators. In 1918, he served as a pilot with the 1st Marine Aeronautic Company, flying seaplane patrols in the Azores.[2]

In 1920, he was assigned as a member of the Naval Alaskan Coal Commission, where he served as a geologist during the survey of Alaskan coal fields.[1] As a Captain, he commanded a company assigned to the American Legation in Peking, China. While there, he participated in Doctor Roy Chapman Andrews' third expedition to the Gobi Desert in Mongolia, as the expedition topographer.[3]

In 1933, he was posted overseas to Haiti, where he served as the Quartermaster and Paymaster Director for the Garde d'Haiti.[1]

During World War II, he was initially assigned as the liaison officer during the construction of Camp Lejeune, and briefly served as Camp Commander during 1941. For his performance at Camp Lejeune, he was awarded the Navy Distinguished Service Medal.

In 1943, he was reassigned to Marine Corps headquarters for duty in the Quartermaster Department, becoming Quartermaster General on 1 February 1944, a position he held until his retirement in 1955. Victor Krulak, in First to Fight, described Hill as the "classic representative of the Quartermaster's tradition of fierce frugality....thrift was his watchword...[4]

Decorations[edit]

Major General Hill's ribbon bar:

Naval Aviator Badge.jpg
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Naval Aviator Badge
1st Row Navy Distinguished Service Medal Navy Commendation Medal Marine Corps Expeditionary Medal with service star
2nd Row World War I Victory Medal with aviation clasp American Defense Service Medal American Campaign Medal Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one service star
3rd Row World War II Victory Medal National Defense Service Medal Haitian Distinguished Service Medal and Diploma Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau with swords

W.P.T. Hill Award[edit]

The W.P.T. Hill Award was established in 1985 to improve food service operation and recognize the best messes in the Marine Corps. Competitors are judged on areas such as operations, sanitation, taste and quality of food.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Major General William P.T. Hill, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. History Division, United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  2. ^ "Now and Then". Marine Corps Gazette. February 1964. 
  3. ^ Hill, Captain W.P.T., (AQM), USMC (September 1929). "With Roy Chapman Andrews in Mongolia". Marine Corps Gazette. 
  4. ^ Krulak, Victor H. (1999). "Part IV: The Pennypinchers". First to Fight (Illustrated ed.). Naval Institute Press. pp. 146–147. ISBN 978-1-55750-464-7. Retrieved 26 January 2009. 
  5. ^ Staes, Pfc. Mary A. (January 15, 2008). "Georgia reserve unit wins food service award'". Marine Forces Reserve. Retrieved 26 January 2009.