Bill Parry (politician)
Photograph of Bill Parry taken in 1935.
|Minister of Internal Affairs|
6 December 1935 – 13 December 1949
|Prime Minister||Michael Joseph Savage
|Preceded by||Alexander Young|
|Succeeded by||William Bodkin|
|Minister of Social Security|
25 June 1946 – 13 December 1949
|Prime Minister||Peter Fraser|
|Preceded by||new office|
|Succeeded by||Jack Watts|
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Auckland Central
17 December 1919 – 4 November 1946
|Preceded by||Albert Glover|
|Succeeded by||Bill Anderton|
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Arch Hill
27 November 1946 – 27 July 1951
|Succeeded by||John Stewart|
Orange, New South Wales, Australia
|Died||27 November 1952
Auckland, New Zealand
|Spouse(s)||Georgina Fowke (m. 1906)|
William Edward (Bill) Parry (1878 – 27 November 1952) was a New Zealand Minister and trade unionist.
Parry was born at Orange, in New South Wales, Australia. He had 12 siblings and the family faced hardship. His father, John Parry, was a goldminer and prospector, and at age 12, Bill Parry left school and went mining himself in Barmedman. Parry first came to New Zealand in 1902 and lived in Auckland for a short time, and went mining in Karangahake. After two years, he returned to Australia. On 15 April 1906, he married Georgina Fowke at Wyalong in New South Wales. Later that year, they and some family members arrived in New Zealand.
Parry was a miner at Waihi and Secretary of the Waihi Miners' Union. He became a miners' inspector and was appointed to the 1911 Royal Commission on Mines. He was imprisoned at Mount Eden during the 1912 Waihi miners' strike. He was blacklisted in Waihi and moved to Palmerston North. He became involved in the 1913 waterfront and general strike. He moved to Auckland in 1915 to be an agent for the Maoriland Worker newspaper. He opposed conscription during World War I, but not during World War II.
Member of Parliament
|Parliament of New Zealand|
Parry was one of the founders of the New Zealand Federation of Labour and was vice president from 1911 to 1913. He was on the executive of the Social Democratic Party and joined the New Zealand Labour Party when it was formed by the merger of various parties in 1916.
When the First Labour Government was formed after the 1935 election, Parry was appointed Minister of Internal Affairs and Minister in Charge of Pensions. In the latter role, he introduced Social Security in 1938. The minor ministerial role was converted to a full role when in June 1946, Parry became Minister of Social Security. Parry lost his ministerial roles when Labour was defeated in the 1949 election. Parry was not regarded as an outstanding politician, but more of an administrator. He did not contribute to Labour's policy development in a major way, but was nevertheless Michael Joseph Savage's automatic choice as minister due to their strong friendship and long-standing activism.
Family and death
- Gustafson, Barry. "Parry, William Edward". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Gustafson 1986, p. 293.
- Wilson 1985, p. 225.
- Wilson 1985, p. 82.
- Wilson 1985, p. 127.
- Gustafson 1980, p. 164.
- McLintock, A. H., ed. (22 April 2009) [First published in 1966]. "Scope of Legislation of 1938". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage / Te Manatū Taonga. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
- Wilson 1985, p. 83.
- Wilson 1985, pp. 82f.
- "Official jubilee medals". Evening Post. CXIX (105). 6 May 1935. p. 4. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- Gustafson, Barry (1986). From the Cradle to the Grave: a biography of Michael Joseph Savage. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00138-5.
- Gustafson, Barry (1980). Labour's path to political independence: The Origins and Establishment of the New Zealand Labour Party, 1900–19. Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press. ISBN 0-19-647986-X.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
|Minister of Internal Affairs
|New ministerial post||Minister of Social Security
|New Zealand Parliament|
|Member of Parliament for Auckland Central
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Arch Hill