William Patrick Stuart-Houston
|William Patrick Stuart-Houston|
William Patrick Hitler as member of the U.S. Navy between 1944 and 1947
|Birth name||William Patrick Hitler|
12 March 1911|
Toxteth Park, Liverpool, England
|Died||14 July 1987
Patchogue, New York, U.S.
|Buried||Holy Sepulchre Cemetery, Coram, New York|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1944–1947|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards|| Purple Heart
World War II Victory Medal
William Patrick "Willy" Stuart-Houston (né Hitler; 12 March 1911 – 14 July 1987) was the English-American nephew of Adolf Hitler who worked in Germany and later immigrated to America in 1939. Born to Adolf's brother, Alois Hitler, Jr. and his first wife, Bridget Dowling, in Liverpool, England, William Hitler later moved to Germany, but subsequently immigrated to the United States, where he served in the United States Navy in World War II.
William Patrick Hitler was born in the Toxteth Park district of Liverpool, the son of Alois Hitler, Jr. and Irish-born Bridget Dowling. The couple had met in Dublin when Alois was living there in 1909; in 1910, they married in Marylebone in London and moved back north to Liverpool, where William Patrick was born in 1911.
The family lived in a flat at 102 Upper Stanhope Street, which was destroyed in the last German air raid of the Liverpool Blitz on 10 January 1942. Dowling wrote a manuscript called My Brother-in-Law Adolf, in which she claimed Adolf Hitler moved to Liverpool with her, remaining from November 1912 to April 1913, in order to dodge conscription in Austria. The book is largely considered by Hitler's biographers to be a work of fiction. At the time, Adolf was residing in the Meldemannstraße dormitory.
In 1914, Alois left Bridget and their son for a gambling tour of Europe. He later returned to Germany. Unable to reconnect with them due to the outbreak of World War I, Alois abandoned the family, leaving William to be brought up by his mother. He remarried bigamously, but in the mid-1920s he wrote to Bridget asking her to send William to Germany's Weimar Republic for a visit. She finally agreed in 1929, when William was 18. Alois had had another son, Heinz Hitler, by his German wife. Heinz, in contrast to William, became a committed Nazi and in 1942 died in Soviet captivity.
In Nazi Germany
In 1933, William Patrick Hitler returned to Germany in an attempt to benefit from his uncle's rise to power. His uncle found him a job at the Reichskreditbank in Berlin. Later, William worked at an Opel automobile factory, and later still as a car salesman. Dissatisfied with these jobs, William persisted in asking his uncle for a better job, writing to him with blackmail threats that he would sell embarrassing stories about the family to the newspapers unless his "personal circumstances" improved.
In 1938, Adolf asked William to relinquish his British citizenship in exchange for a high-ranking job. Expecting a trap, William fled Nazi Germany; he again tried to blackmail his uncle with threats. This time, William threatened to tell the press that Hitler's alleged paternal grandfather was actually a Jewish merchant. Returning to London he wrote an article for Look magazine titled "Why I Hate my Uncle." William allegedly did return, briefly, to Germany in 1938. It is unknown what exactly William's role in late-1930s Germany was.
Immigration to the United States
William left Germany in January 1939 and visited the United States with his mother on a lecture tour at the invitation of publisher William Randolph Hearst. He and his mother were stranded in the U.S. when World War II broke out. After making a special request to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, William was eventually cleared to join the United States Navy in 1944, and moved to Sunnyside, Queens in New York.
William Patrick Hitler served in the United States Navy during World War II as a Pharmacist's Mate (a designation later changed to Hospital Corpsman) until he was discharged in 1947. He was wounded in action during the war and awarded the Purple Heart.
After being discharged from the Navy, William Hitler changed his surname to "Stuart-Houston".
Stuart-Houston, in 1947, married Phyllis Jean-Jacques, who had been born in Germany in the mid-1920s. After their relationship began, William and Phyllis, along with Bridget, tried for anonymity in the United States. They moved to Patchogue, Long Island, where William used his medical training to establish a business that analyzed blood samples for hospitals. His laboratory, which he called Brookhaven Laboratories, was located in his home, a two-story clapboard house at 71 Silver Street, Patchogue. The couple had four sons: Alexander Adolf (b. 1949), Louis (b. 1951), Howard Ronald (1957–1989), and Brian William (b. 1965).
William Stuart-Houston died on July 14, 1987, in Patchogue. His remains were buried next to his mother's, at the Holy Sepulchre Cemetery in Coram, New York. His widow, Phyllis Jean-Jacques Stuart-Houston, died in 2004.
Howard Ronald Stuart-Houston, a Special Agent with the Criminal Investigation Division of the Internal Revenue Service, died in an automobile accident on September 14, 1989, leaving behind no children. He is buried in the Holy Sepulchre Cemetery in Coram.
In the media
The family's story and Bridget's memoirs were first published by Michael Unger in the Liverpool Daily Post, 1973. Unger also edited Bridget Dowling's memoirs, which were first published as The Memoirs of Bridget Hitler in 1979; a completely updated version, titled The Hitlers of Liverpool, was published in 2011.
Beryl Bainbridge's 1978 novel Young Adolf depicts the alleged 1912–13 visit to his Liverpool relatives by a 23-year-old Adolf Hitler. Bainbridge adapted the story into a play as The Journal of Bridget Hitler with director Philip Saville, which was broadcast as a Playhouse (BBC 2) in 1981.
- "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
- "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
- McCarthy (1992)
- Ian Kershaw (2000). Hitler, 1889-1936: Hubris. W.W. Norton. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-393-32035-0.
- Brown et al (2006)
- Infobitte.de Archived 2012-07-03 at Archive.is
- Lehrer (2002)
- "Hitler Family Tree" (PDF). Jrbooksonline.com. p. page?. Retrieved 2017-08-13.
- findagrave.com, accessed January 24, 2008
- Officer Down Memorial Page, (Retrieved 10 March 2016)
- "Getting to know the Hitlers", The Daily Telegraph. January 20, 2002
- Royden (2004)
- Saville, Philip profile, BFI Screenonline
- The Hitler Family (2005) on IMDb
- Green (2006)
- Brown, Jonathan & Oliver Duff. "The black sheep of the family? The rise and fall of Hitler's scouse nephew" in The Independent, 17 August 2006
- Gardner, David. The Last of the Hitlers, BMM, 2001, ISBN 0-9541544-0-1
- Green, Jesse. The Search for the Long Island Hitlers, The New York Times, 9 April 2006
- Halmburger, Oliver, Timothy W. Ryback & Florian M. Beierl: Hitler's Family — In the Shadow of the Dictator, Loopfilm / ZDF Enterprises, 2006.
- Lehrer, Steven (2002). Hitler Sites: A City-by-city Guidebook (Austria, Germany, France, United States). McFarland. p. 224. ISBN 0-7864-1045-0.
- McCarthy, Tony. "Hitler: His Irish Relatives"; Irish Roots Magazine; no. 1, First Quarter 1992 (Retrieved: 10 March 2016)
- Royden, M.W. "Your Story: Adolf Hitler - did he visit Liverpool during 1912-13?", BBC Legacies; Liverpool, February 2004
- Toland, John. Adolf Hitler, ISBN 0-385-42053-6
- Vermeeren, Marc. "De jeugd van Adolf Hitler 1889-1907 en zijn familie en voorouders"; Soesterberg, 2007; Aspekt B.V. publishers; ISBN 978-90-5911-606-1 (in Dutch)
- Getting to know the Hitlers from The Daily Telegraph
- Author talks about 'the Last of the Hitlers' CNN interview.
- The Diocese of Rockville Centre - Holy Sepulchre Cemetery
- Kilgannon, Corey. "Three Quiet Brothers on Long Island, All of Them Related to Hitler", The New York Times, April 24, 2006