William Paulet, 3rd Marquess of Winchester

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The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Winchester
KB JP
Marquess of Winchester COA.svg
Arms of Paulet, Marquess of Winchester: Sable, three swords pilewise points in base proper pomels and hilts or
Lord High Steward
for the funeral of Mary, Queen of Scots
In office
31 August 1587 – 1 September 1587
Monarch Elizabeth I
Chancellor Sir Christopher Hatton
Preceded by The Earl of Shrewsbury
for the trial of the Duke of Norfolk
Succeeded by The Earl of Derby
for the trial of the Earl of Arundel and Surrey
Lord Lieutenant of Dorset
In office
1580 – ?
Monarch Elizabeth I
Chancellor Sir Thomas Bromley
Preceded by The Lord Mountjoy
Succeeded by The Earl of Bedford
In office
1 March 1586 – 24 November 1598
Monarch Elizabeth I
Chancellor
Preceded by The Earl of Bedford
Succeeded by The Viscount Howard of Bindon
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
In office
before 1585 – 24 November 1598
Serving with The Earl of Sussex (3 July 1585 – 14 December 1593)
The Lord Mountjoy (from 4 August 1595)
The Lord Hunsdon (from 8 September 1603)
Monarch Elizabeth I
Chancellor
Preceded by Unknown
Succeeded by The Lord Mountjoy
The Lord Hunsdon
High Sheriff of Hampshire
In office
1560–1561
Monarch Elizabeth I
Chancellor Sir Nicholas Bacon
Preceded by Thomas Pace
Succeeded by William Uvedale
Member of Parliament for Dorset
In office
1571–1571
Serving with John Horsey
Monarch Elizabeth I
Chancellor Sir Nicholas Bacon
Preceded by Thomas Howard
Succeeded by John Stroke
Constituency Dorset
Personal details
Born William Paulet
1532
Died November 24, 1598(1598-11-24) (aged 65–66)
Resting place St. Mary's Church, Basing, Hampshire
51°16′17″N 1°02′48″W / 51.271389°N 1.046667°W / 51.271389; -1.046667
Nationality English
Spouse(s) Anne Howard
Domestic partner Jane Lambert (mistress)
Children With Anne Howard:
William Paulet, 4th Marquess of Winchester
Lady Anne Dennis
Lady Katherine Wroughton
Lady Elizabeth Hoby
With Jane Lambert:
Sir William Paulet
Sir John Paulet
Sir Hercules Paulet
Hector Paulet
Susannah Warnfford
Parents John Paulet, 2nd Marquess of Winchester (father)
Elizabeth Willougby (mother)
The 3rd Marquess of Winchester
Title 3rd Marquess of Winchester
Tenure 1576-1598
Other titles 3rd Earl of Wiltshire
3rd Baron St John
Predecessor John Paulet, 2nd Marquess of Winchester
Successor William Paulet, 4th Marquess of Winchester

William Paulet, 3rd Marquess of Winchester KB JP (1532 – 24 November 1598) was an English nobleman, the son of John Paulet, 2nd Marquess of Winchester and his first wife, Elizabeth Willoughby.[1] He was made a Knight of the Bath at the coronation of Mary I on 30 November 1553.[2]

Career[edit]

The offices he held during his career included:[3][4]

Paulet was summoned to Parliament on 5 May 1572 in his father's Barony of St John.[1] He succeeded his father as 3rd Marquess of Winchester on 4 November 1576. During October of 1586, he was one of the judges at the trial of Mary, Queen of Scots, later acting as Lord High Steward at her funeral on 1 August 1587.

He is known as the author of The Lord Marquess Idleness, a remarkable and most ingenious acrostic of six Latin verses.[5] It was published in 1586 and 1587.[6]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Between 20 June 1544 and 10 February 1547/1548[7] he married Anne or Agnes[8] Howard, daughter of William Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Effingham and his first wife, Katherine Broughton and had issue:[9][10][11]

The marriage was not a happy one, and the couple were only reconciled, on one occasion, by Elizabeth I's intervention.[8]

Paulet also had children with his recognised mistress Jane Lambert, who later married the much younger Sir Gerrard Fleetwood.[12][13]

  • Sir William Paulet, died 1628, lawyer, London, later of Edington, Wiltshire. High Sheriff of Wiltshire 1613, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Seymour
  • Sir John Paulet, lawyer, Winchester, married Elizabeth, daughter of John Stump
  • Sir Hercules Paulet, born 1574, married Bridgett, daughter of Sir Henry Gifford
  • Hector Paulet, born 1578, married Joan Butler
  • Susan or Susanna Paulet, married firstly Thomas Kirkby and secondly Launcelott Warnfford

Death[edit]

He died 24 November 1598 and was buried at Basing, Hampshire.[9] His widow, Anne Paulet, died 18 November 1601.[9] The date of Jane Lambert's death is not recorded.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cokayne 1898, p. 173.
  2. ^ Shaw I 1906, p. 152.
  3. ^ Cokayne 1898, pp. 173-174.
  4. ^ Hasler 1981.
  5. ^ Cokayne 1898, p. 174, note (b).
  6. ^ Thomas 1949, pp. 592-599.
  7. ^ "William Paulet, Marquess of Winchester". Family Search: Community Trees. British Isles. Peerage, Baronetage, and Landed Gentry Families with Extended Lineage. Histfam.familysearch.org. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Cokayne 1898, p. 174 footnote (a).
  9. ^ a b c Cokayne 1898, p. 174.
  10. ^ Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry III 2011, p. 312.
  11. ^ a b "Winchester, Marquess of (E, 1551)". Cracroft's Peerage. Cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  12. ^ Emerson 2008-13.
  13. ^ Rylands 1913, p. 224.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Emerson, Kathy Lynn. "Jane Lambert". A Who’s Who of Tudor Women. Kateemersonhistoricals.com. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families III (2nd ed.). CreateSpace. p. 312. ISBN 1461045207. 
  • Thomas, Sidney (October 1948). ""The Lord Marquess' Idleness": The First English Book of Essays". Studies in Philology (University of North Carolina Press) 45 (4): 592–599. 

in JSTOR

  • "William Paulet, Marquess of Winchester". Family Search: Community Trees. British Isles. Peerage, Baronetage, and Landed Gentry Families with Extended Lineage. Histfam.familysearch.org. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
jointly with The Earl of Sussex 1585–1593
The Lord Mountjoy 1595–1598
The Lord Hunsdon 1597–1598

1585–1598
Succeeded by
The Lord Mountjoy
The Lord Hunsdon
Preceded by
The Earl of Bedford
Lord Lieutenant of Dorset
1586–1598
Vacant
Title next held by
The Viscount Howard of Bindon
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Paulet
Marquess of Winchester
1576–1598
Succeeded by
William Paulet
Baron St John of Basing
(writ in acceleration)

1572–1598