William Pearce Howland

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The Hon.
Sir William Pearce Howland
WilliamPearceHowland23.jpg
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for York West
In office
1857–1867
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for York West
In office
September 20, 1867 – July 15, 1868
Succeeded by Amos Wright
2nd Lieutenant Governor of Ontario
In office
July 15, 1868 – November 11, 1873
Monarch Victoria
Governor General The Viscount Monck
The Lord Lisgar
The Earl of Dufferin
Premier John Sandfield Macdonald
Edward Blake
Oliver Mowat
Preceded by Henry William Stisted
Succeeded by John Willoughby Crawford
Personal details
Born (1811-05-29)29 May 1811
Pawling, New York, US
Died 1 January 1907(1907-01-01) (aged 95)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Resting place St. James Cemetery, Toronto
Nationality Canadian
Political party Liberal-Conservative
Children William Holmes Howland
Oliver Aiken Howland
Cabinet Minister of Inland Revenue (1867–1868)
Signature
Was one of the Fathers of Confederation

Sir William Pearce Howland KCMG CB PC (29 May 1811 – 1 January 1907), served as the second Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, from 1868 to 1873. He was one of the Fathers of Confederation.

Biography[edit]

Born in 1811 in Pawling, New York, William Howland was educated at Kinderhook Academy. In 1830 he settled in Cooksville, Upper Canada, and became a naturalised British subject in 1841. He operated Lambton Mills and later a grocery business in Toronto. In 1852 he acquired a grist mill, sawmill, and general store in Kleinburg, whose operations he left to his brother Henry Stark Howland.[1] In 1857, Howland became a Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada, and later served in the cabinet as Minister of Finance, Receiver General, Postmaster General and Minister of Finance. He became a Member of Parliament in 1867 and was Minister of Inland Revenue from 1867 to 1868. He was created a C.B., 1867. Howland was appointed Ontario's second Lieutenant Governor in 1868 and served until 1873. He was created a K.C.M.G., 1879. He was knighted in 1879 and died in Toronto in 1907. He is buried in Toronto's St. James Cemetery. Toronto in 1907. He is buried in Toronto's St. James Cemetery. In 1906, at the request of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Prime Minister of Canada, Howland prepared an autobiography that included extensive appendices about politics in the 1860s. [2]

Family[edit]

On July 12, 1843, Sir William Pearce Howland, married Mary Ann (or Marianne) Blyth, the widow of David Webb, a ship’s captain. Mary Anne and William had three children: William, Oliver and Florence. Their sons, William Holmes Howland and Oliver Aiken Howland, served as mayors of Toronto. Mary died in 1860. [3]

Sir William Pearce Howland, then a Minister of the Crown in Canada married Susannah Julia, daughter of Shrewsbury, Esquire, on 21 November 1865. She was born in London, England, 4, 1 May 1830, and educated there. She was a widow, who had accompanied her first husband (1850) Philip Hunt, of the Military Store Department, to the Mauritius, and thence to Canada. Lady Howland was presented to Queen Victoria in 1866, on the occasion of the London Conference on Confederation. In 1875, she presented her step-daughter, Miss Howland (later Mrs. R. M. Merritt) to Her Majesty. On leaving Government House, Howland was presented with an address from citizens of Toronto, and Lady Howland was given a gold bracelet, with her initials set in diamonds, and containing a locket with miniature portraits of herself and husband. Lady Howland died in Toronto, February 2ist, 1886, and was buried in St. James's Cemetery.[4]

In 1895, Sir William married Mary Elizabeth Rattaway, widow of James Bethune, Q.C. By 1904, they had separated. [5]

His sons, William Holmes Howland and Oliver Aiken Howland, served as mayors of Toronto.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Howland, Henry Stark". Dictionary of Canadian Biography. 13. Springer Science & Business Media. 1994. p. 483. ISBN 0802039987. 
  2. ^ Archives of Ontario/F101/Sir William Pearce Howland Autobiography, MU 4757, no. 9
  3. ^ Archives of Ontario/F101/Sir William Pearce Howland Autobiography, MU 4757, no. 9)
  4. ^ Morgan, Henry James Types of Canadian women and of women who are or have been connected with Canada : (Toronto, 1903) [1]
  5. ^ Constance Backhouse and Nancy Backhouse, The Heiress versus The Establishment, Mrs. Campbell’s Campaign for Legal Justice; Vancouver: UBC Press, 2004, p. 237, notes 11, 12.