William Plenderleath

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William Charles Plenderleath (2 June 1831 – 1 April 1906) was an English Anglican clergyman, author and antiquarian, best remembered for his White Horses of the West of England (1885, 2nd edition 1892).

Life[edit]

Uffington White Horse, sketched by William Plenderleath in The White Horses of the West of England (1892)[1]

Born at Clifton, Bristol, Plenderleath was the only son of Lieutenant Colonel Charles Plenderleath, of 27, Richmond Terrace, Clifton.[2][3][4] Colonel Plenderleath was a half-pay officer of the 49th Regiment of Foot.[5] He had been commissioned into the 89th Regiment of Foot on 29 May 1796, served in the War of 1812, was decorated after the Battle of Crysler's Farm of 1813, and was a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB).[6][7][8][9]

Plenderleath was educated at Cheltenham College in Gloucestershire[2] and at Wadham College, Oxford, graduating BA and MA,[10] and entered the ministry of the Church of England.[4][11] He was Rector of Cherhill, Wiltshire, from December 1860 to April 1891, and then of Mamhead in Devon from 1891 until 1905, dying on 1 April 1906.[12][13]

While he was at Cherhill, Plenderleath's interest in the Cherhill White Horse led him to write a paper, On the White Horses of Wiltshire and Its Neighbourhood (1872) for the Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, followed some years later by a book, White Horses of the West of England (1885). He also kept a notebook of Cherhill's affairs which was first published in 2001, ninety-five years after the author's death, as Plenderleath's Memoranda of Cherhill. He intended this as a record of "what an English country village was in the 19th century, as portrayed by one who had the best opportunities of knowing".[14]

At Mamhead, from 1891, Plenderleath also kept notes of his parish, described as "Includes census details (official and unofficial), offertory accounts, list of communions, collections in aid of voluntary church rate, and confirmations. In the front is a linen-backed map showing inhabited houses in Mamhead".[15]

Publications[edit]

Plenderleath's sketch of the Cherhill White Horse, 1892
  • 'On the White Horses of Wiltshire and Its Neighbourhood', in Wilts Archaeological Magazine, vol. 14 for 1872, pp. 12–30
  • White Horses of the West of England (London: Alfred Russell Smith; & Calne: Alfred Heath, 1885)[16]
  • White Horses of the West of England (London: Allen & Storr, 2nd edition, 1892)[17]
  • Plenderleath's Memoranda of Cherhill, ed. John Reis (Compton Bassett: Fulmer Publishing, for the Village & Family History Project, 2001, xxxviii + 134 pp., ISBN 1-903979-05-6)[14]

Family[edit]

The 1881 census for The Rectory, Cherhill, gives a snapshot of Plenderleath's household. His wife, Margaret E.J. [Plenderleath], was aged forty-four and had been born in the West Indies. Margaret Edith Plenderleath (unmarried, age 24, born Bedminster, Gloucestershire), and Maud Mary Plenderleath (unmarried aged 2?, born Clifton, Gloucestershire) were their daughters. Five domestic servants are also recorded, a cook, a footman, a lady's maid, and two housemaids.[4]

On 20 April 1881, at Cherhill, Plenderleath's daughter Maud Mary Le Fevre Plenderleath married George Bayntun Starky (1858–1926) of Spye Park House, Bromham, Wiltshire, later of Brackenfield Station, Amberley, New Zealand, and they had six sons:

  1. John Bayntun (1882–1944);
  2. George (1883–1959), who served as an officer in the Wiltshire Regiment and became a farmer in New Zealand;
  3. Wadham (1883–1953), a member of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force, also a farmer in New Zealand;
  4. Francis (died 1963), a farmer at Toatoa, near Opotiki, New Zealand;
  5. Walter (1886–1930), an officer in the Somerset Yeomanry who became a sheep farmer in Argentina;
  6. James (1889–1916), who was killed in action during the First World War while serving in the Wiltshire Regiment.[18]

A stained glass window at St James's church, Cherhill, bears the inscription:[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Plenderleath, Rev. W. C., The White Horses of the West of England (London: Allen & Storr, 1892), page 8
  2. ^ a b Hunter, Andrew Alexander, Cheltenham College Register, 1841–1889, p. 83
  3. ^ Pigot's Directory of Gloucestershire, 1830, at genuki.org.uk, accessed 19 July 2008
  4. ^ a b c 1881 Taylor b. North Tawton, Devon, UK at ancestry.com, accessed 19 July 2008
  5. ^ "No. 18211". The London Gazette. 14 January 1826. p. 77. 
  6. ^ Philippart, John, The Royal Military Calendar, or Army Service and Commission Book, page 452 online at books.google.co.uk, accessed 19 July 2008
  7. ^ Zaslow, Morris, ed., The Defended Border (Macmillan of Canada, ISBN 0-7705-1242-9) p. 72
  8. ^ Hayter, Tony, (ed.), An Eighteenth-century Secretary at War: The Papers of William, Viscount Barrington (London, The Bodley Head for the Army Records Society, 1988) pp. 70, 76, 79 & 81
  9. ^ CB reported in "No. 17061". The London Gazette. 16 September 1815. p. 1879. 
  10. ^ Gardiner, Robert Barlow, The Registers of Wadham College, Oxford (Oxford, 1895) p. 453
  11. ^ Kelly's directory of Hampshire, Dorsetshire, Wiltshire, 1880 (London, Kelly's Directories Ltd, 1880) p. 585 [Cherhill]: "William Charles Plenderleath MA of Wadham College, Oxford"
  12. ^ Memorial tablet to Rev. William Charles Plenderleath at Church of St James the Great, Cherhill at oodwooc.co.uk, accessed 19 July 2008
  13. ^ Churchwardens of Mamhead Access to Archives (A2A) catalogue detail from The National Archives for records held by Devon Archives, accessed 19 July 2008: "To place a brass tablet in the chancel in memory of Revd. William Charles Plenderleath, rector of Mamhead 1891–1905"
  14. ^ a b Hobnob Marketplace at Hobnob Press (Other Publications), accessed 19 July 2008
  15. ^ Notebook belonging to Revd. W.C. Plenderleath containing memoranda relating to the parish of Mamhead, 461 A-1/PI 1 Access to Archives (A2A) catalogue detail from The National Archives for records held by Devon Archives, accessed 19 July 2008
  16. ^ Wiltshire White Horses Bibliography at wiltshirewhitehorses.org.uk, accessed 20 July 2008
  17. ^ Howey, M. Oldfield, Horse in Magic and Myth (1923, reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, 2003), page 72 online at books.google.co.uk, accessed 20 July 2008
  18. ^ George Bayntun Starky (1858–1926) at bayntun-history.com, accessed 19 July 2008
  19. ^ Plenderleath window at oodwooc.co.uk, accessed 19 July 2008

External links[edit]