William R. D. Blackwood

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William R. D. Blackwood
William R D Blackwood.jpg
Born (1838-05-12)May 12, 1838
Hollywood, Ireland
Died April 22, 1922(1922-04-22) (aged 83)
Buried Chelten Hills Cemetery, Philadelphia
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1862 - 1865
Rank Brevet Lieutenant Colonel
Unit Pennsylvania 48th Pennsylvania Infantry
Battles/wars Third Battle of Petersburg
Awards Medal of Honor

Surgeon William Robert Douglas Blackwood (12 May 1838 to April 26, 1922) was an Irish soldier who fought in the American Civil War. Blackwood received the United States' highest award for bravery during combat, the Medal of Honor, for his action during the Third Battle of Petersburg in Virginia on 2 April 1865.[1] He was honored with the award on 21 July 1897.[2]


Blackwood was born in Hollywood, Ireland on 12 May 1838. He immigrated to the United States and studied medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. In September 1862 he enlisted into the 149th Pennsylvania Infantry as an Assistant Surgeon but was later transferred to the 48th Pennsylvania Infantry on April 28, 1863 where he was promoted to Chief Surgeon of the regiment.[3]

During the Third Battle of Petersburg when Fort Mahone was being attacked, Blackwood assisted several seriously wounded soldiers from the battlefield. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroics. He died on 26 April 1922 and his remains are interred at the Chelten Hills Cemetery, Philadelphia.[3]

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

Removed severely wounded officers and soldiers from the field while under a heavy fire from the enemy, exposing himself beyond the call of duty, thus furnishing an example of most distinguished gallantry.[1][2][3]


William Robert Douglas Blackwood was born in Hollywood, Ireland on May 12, 1838 to Robert Blackwood and Victoria Douglas.[4]

Dr. Blackwood married Ida Chote Gerhart in 1874, and had four children.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Blackwood, William R. D." Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Civil War (A-L) Medal of Honor Recipients". Retrieved 14 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Hoptak, John David (23 February 2012). "PROFILES: Surgeon William R.D. Blackwood, Medal of Honor Recipient". Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "William Robert Douglas Blackwood (1838-1922)". PENN BIOGRAPHIES. University of Pennsylvania University Archives and Records Center. Retrieved 8 February 2015.