William R. Furlong

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William Rea Furlong
William R. Furlong.jpg
Born(1881-05-26)May 26, 1881
Allenport, Pennsylvania
DiedJune 2, 1976(1976-06-02) (aged 95)
Bethesda, Maryland
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branchSeal of the United States Department of the Navy.svg United States Navy
Years of service1905–1946
RankUS-O8 insignia.svg Rear Admiral
Commands heldBureau of Ordnance
Minecraft Battle Force
Pearl Harbor Navy Yard
Battles/warsVeracruz Expedition
World War I
World War II
AwardsLegion of Merit (2)
RelationsCapt. William R. Furlong Jr. USNR

William Rea Furlong (May 26, 1881 – June 2, 1976) was United States Navy Rear admiral during World War II, who served as the Chief of Naval Ordnance from 1937 to 1941.[1] After Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor, Furlong was tasked with the salvaging and repairing of the sunken U.S. ships.

Early years[edit]

William Rea Furlong was born on May 26, 1881 in the town of Allenport, Pennsylvania as a son of William Allen Furlong and Ethel Grant Furlong. Furlong attended the Normal School in California, Pennsylvania, where he earned his teaching degree. He subsequently worked as a teacher for almost two years. In 1901, he was recommended for the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland. Furlong graduated in 1905 with the rank of Ensign and was assigned to the armored cruiser USS Maryland until 1909.

In 1910, Furlong was assigned to the protected cruiser USS Chicago, which was posted as the reserve of the Massachusetts Naval Militia. He briefly commanded the cruiser from August 19 to the 29th in 1910. He servied on Chicago until 1912, when he attended the Columbia University, New York and graduated with the Master of Science degree in electrical and radio engineering in 1914.

Furlong was then assigned as fleet radio officer and aide on the staff of the commander-in-chief, United States Atlantic Fleet. In April 1914, he participated in the Veracruz Expedition in Mexico. In July he was assigned as the Fleet Radio Officer on board the battleship USS New York.

World War I[edit]

After his graduation, Furlong was appointed a fleet radio officer and aide on the staff of the commander-in-chief, United States Atlantic Fleet under the command of Admiral Frank Friday Fletcher. From 1916 to 1917, Furlong served as a gunnery officer on board battleships USS South Carolina and USS Nevada.

Furlong the served as gunnery observer on the battleship USS New York, operating in European waters and as gunnery observer in the war zone with the British Grand Fleet.

In March 1918 he was assigned to the Bureau of Ordnance.

Interwar period[edit]

Following the war, Furlong served from 1919 to 1920 as Chief of Fire Control Section, Bureau of Ordnance, Navy Department, Washington D.C. where he introduced synchronous fire control system and remote control of guns by electrical power.

From 1921 to 1923 he served as an aide on the staff and fleet gunnery officer to the commander-in-chief, United States Pacific Fleet. This was followed by an assignment from 1923 to 1926 where he served in office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Navy Department, Washington, D.C.

From 1926 to 1928 Furlong served as executive officer of the battleship USS West Virginia, and then served as commander of the oiler USS Neches. He also served as division commander of six destroyers in the Pacific.

From 1928 to 1931 he served as Chief of Policy and Liaison Section, Office of Island Government, Navy Department, Washington, D.C.

From 1931 to 1933 he commanded the light cruiser USS Marblehead. He then served as inspector of ordnance in charge at the Naval Proving Ground in Dahlgren, Virginia from 1933 to 1936. On June 23, 1938 he was promoted to rear admiral and assigned as Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance for the Navy Department in Washington, D.C.

World War II[edit]

From February to December 1941, he served as commander of Minecraft, Battle Force at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. He present at the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, when he was onboard his flagship, the minelayer USS Oglala, when it capsized after being strafed and torpedoed by the Japanese.

From December 12, 1941 to nearly the end of the war, he was commander of the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard and was charged with salvaging and repairing ships sunk during Japanese attack and returning them for use in the Pacific war. Most notably, he oversaw the righting of the battleship USS Oklahoma which capsized after being torpedoed during the attack.

In 1944 he was awarded the Legion of Merit. In 1945 he was awarded a Gold Star in lieu of second Legion of Merit.

Admiral Furlong retired from United States Navy on July 18, 1945 after 44 years of service.

Retirement[edit]

In retirement Furlong lived in Washington, D.C. and had a summer home in Roscoe, Pennsylvania.

In 1949 Admiral Furlong was elected commander-in-chief of the Military Order of the World Wars. He was also a member of the Naval Order of the United States (companion number 2459). In 1949 he joined the District of Columbia Society of the Sons of the American Revolution and was assigned national membership number 71,282 and society number 2662.

In 1950 he was presented with the Freedoms Foundation award.

Admiral Furlong died on June 2, 1976, in Bethesda, Maryland.

In 1981 Furlong's book So Proudly We Hail: The History of the United States Flag was published by the Smithsonian Institution Press.

Legacy[edit]

The Admiral Furlong Award is awarded by the Sons of the American Revolution for the public display of the American flag by a non-governmental organization.

Awards[edit]

The ribbon bar of Rear Admiral William R. Furlong:[2]

Gold star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
1st Row Legion of Merit with one 516" gold star
2nd Row Mexican Service Medal World War I Victory Medal
with Atlantic Fleet Clasp
American Defense Service Medal
with "FLEET" clasp
3rd Row Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
with one battle star
American Campaign Medal World War II Victory Medal

References[edit]

  1. ^ "William Rea Furlong Papers" (PDF). Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  2. ^ "Biography of W. Rea Furlong". rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 28 November 2013.