William Reed Huntington
Huntington was born in Lowell, Massachusetts. He began his education at Norwich University at Alden Partridge's military college in Norwich, Vermont and eventually transferred and graduated from Harvard in 1859 and in 1859–1860 was an instructor in chemistry there. Entering the Episcopal ministry, he was rector of All Saints Church, Worcester, Massachusetts, in 1862–1883 and of Grace Church, New York from 1883 until his death. Huntington always took a prominent part in public affairs. He was active in the movement for liturgical revisions and was secretary of the Prayer-Book Revisions Committee, and editor with Samuel Hart of the Standard Prayer-Book of 1892. Huntington died in Nahant, Massachusetts, in 1909. Huntington was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1875.
The Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral had its genesis in an 1870 essay by Huntington. In The Church Idea, an Essay toward Unity Huntington's goal was to establish "a basis on which approach may be by God's blessing, made toward Home Reunion," i.e., with the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches. The Quadrilateral is a four-point articulation of Anglican identity, often cited as encapsulating the fundamentals of the Communion's doctrine and as a reference-point for ecumenical discussion with other Christian denominations. The four points are:
- The Holy Scriptures, as containing all things necessary to salvation;
- The Creeds (specifically, the Apostles' and Nicene Creeds), as the sufficient statement of Christian faith;
- The dominical sacraments of Baptism and Holy Communion;
- The historic episcopate, locally adapted.
The Quadrilateral has had a significant impact on Anglican identity since its passage by the Lambeth Conference. The Resolution came at a time of rapid expansion of the Anglican Communion, primarily in the territories of the British Empire. As such, it provided a basis for a shared ethos, one that became increasingly important as colonial churches influenced by British culture and values, evolved into national ones influenced by local norms.
Huntington also wrote:
- Conditional Immortality (1878)
- The Book Annexed: Its Critics and its Prospects (1886)
- Short History of the Book of Common Prayer (1893)
- A National Church (1898)
- Sonnets and a Dream. Jamaica, Queensborough, New York: The Marion Press, 1899.
- A Good Shepherd and Other Sermons (1906)
- Armentrout, Don S. & Robert Boak Slocum (eds.) (2000) An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, New York: Church Publishing Incorporated, p. 256.
- Armentrout, Don S. & Robert Boak Slocum (eds.) (2000) An Episcopal Dictionary of the Church, New York: Church Publishing Incorporated, p. 257.
- American Antiquarian Society Members Directory
- Sydnor, William (1980). Looking at the Episcopal Church. USA: Morehouse Publishing. p. 80.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. Missing or empty