William Robinson (Governor of Hong Kong)

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Sir William Robinson
Sir William Robinson.jpg
11th Governor of Hong Kong
In office
10 December 1891 – 25 November 1898
Preceded by Sir George William Des Vœux
Succeeded by Sir Henry Arthur Blake
Personal details
Born 1836
Grand Duchy of Baden, German Confederation
Died 1 December 1912
Spouse(s) Julia Sophia
FeliciaIda Helen
Profession Colonial administrator

Sir William Robinson GCMG (Chinese: 威廉·羅便臣; 1836–1912) was a British colonial governor who was the last Governor of Trinidad and the first Governor of the merged colony of Trinidad and Tobago. He was also the 11th Governor of Hong Kong.

Early life and colonial services[edit]

Robinson was born in 1836. He was the eldest son of the Rev. J. Banks Robinson. He became a Member of Slave Trade Commission in 1869 and was appointed Governor of Bahama Isles from 1874 to 1880. A year later, Robinson was appointed governor of the Windward Islands, a position he held until 1884. Afterwards, he became Governor of Barbados, and was transferred to become the Governor of Trinidad a year later. In 1889 the colony of Tobago was merged with Trinidad into the united colony of Trinidad and Tobago, with Robinson as its first governor, a position he held until 1891.

Governor of Hong Kong[edit]

In 1891, Robinson was appointed Governor of Hong Kong, a position he served until 1898 and later became his last post in the Colonial Services. He was the Governor of Hong Kong who served the longest term. During his tenure, Sun Yet-Sen graduated from the colony's Medical School. Also, Robinson received the thanks of the Hong Kong government for the settlement of the Fanny Josephine affair (Venezuela).

Personal life[edit]

Robinson married twice. He married his first wife, Julia Sophia, in 1862. She died in 1881 and Robinson married FeliciaIda Helen 3 years later, in 1884. Helen died ten years later. The couple had three sons and three daughters. Robinson himself died on 1 December 1912.

Honours[edit]

Places named after him[edit]

Despite public perceptions to the contrary, there are no places in Hong Kong named after Sir William Robinson. Places in Hong Kong with the name Robinson were actually named for an earlier Governor, Hercules Robinson, later the 1st Baron Rosmead. Robinson, Mark Aitchison Young and Christopher Patten are the only former Governor of Hong Kong who have nothing in Hong Kong named in their honour. Robinson Road, a major thoroughfare in Nassau, Bahamas, is named after Sir William Robinson, during whose term it was laid out.

See also[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir John Pope Hennessy
Governor of the Bahamas
1874–1880
Succeeded by
Jeremias Thomas Fitzgerald Callaghan
Preceded by
D. J. Gamble, acting
Governor of Barbados and the Windward Islands
1880–1885
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Cameron Lees
as Governor of Barbados
Succeeded by
Sir Walter Joseph Sendall
as Governor of the Windward Islands
Preceded by
Sir Arthur Elibank Havelock
Governor of Trinidad
1885–1889
Post abolished
Preceded by
himself
as Governor of Trinidad
Governor of Trinidad and Tobago
1889–1891
Succeeded by
Sir Frederick Napier Broome
Preceded by
J. C. O'Halloran
as Governor of Tobago
Preceded by
Major-General Digby Barker, Acting Administrator
11th Governor of Hong Kong
1891–1898
Succeeded by
Major-General Wilsone Black, Acting Administrator