William Rogers (engraver)
William Rogers (born c. 1545, active c. 1589–1604) was an English engraver. A citizen of London – one of his surviving engravings is signed Anglus et Civis Lond. – he is the first English craftsman known to have practised engraving and the greatest portrait engraver of the Tudor period. The English were extremely late in coming to printmaking, though several artists from the thriving Flemish industry had worked in England already; the engraved print had been invented over 150 years before Rogers began to produce them. Rogers was also a goldsmith, and presumably acquired his technique in that context. His portrait style reflects Flemish models, while his backgrounds are often "overloaded with ornament" that is "redolent of the goldsmith's shop".
Rogers is known for his engraved portraits of Queen Elizabeth I of England, which are very scarce. Eliza Triumphans (1589), celebrating the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, shows Elizabeth surrounded by the allegorical symbols of empire common to her portraiture at this time. Queen Elizabeth Standing in a Room with a Lattice Window, one of the best-known Tudor engravings, is based on a drawing of the queen by the miniaturist Isaac Oliver; the densely ornamented setting is probably the invention of Rogers.
Elizabeth I as Rosa Electa, of which the two surviving impressions are in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University and the British Museum, is undated but can be assigned to the later years of Elizabeth's reign by the style of the costume. The portrait depicts the Queen surrounded by roses, symbolising the Tudor union of the houses of York and Lancaster.
Rogers also engraved a version of the large allegorial picture of Henry VIII and his family attributed to Lucas de Heere, now at Sudeley Castle. Rogers' print, of which only three impressions are known, shows Elizabeth in the updated fashions of the 1590s and adds verses at the bottom making explicit the contrast between Mary I's marriage and its accompanying war on the left, and Elizabeth's virginity accompanied by Peace and Plenty on the right.
Rogers engraved numerous portraits, title-pages, and illustrations for books, among these being the titles to Jan Huyghen van Linschoten's Discours of Voyages into ye Easte and West Indies, 1596, and to Sir John Harington's translation of Ariosto's Orlando Furioso (1591); the author portrait and title for John Gerard's The Herball, or a Generall Historie of Plantes (1597); the cuts in Broughton's Concert of Scripture (1596); and the portraits in William Segar's Honor, Military and Civile (1602) and Milles's Catalogue of Honour, or Treasury of True Nobility (1610).
Rogers' work shows him to have been a trained artist in the art of engraving. He is mentioned by Francis Meres in his Palladis Tamia (1598): "As Lysippus, Praxiteles, and Pyrgoteles were excellent engravers, so have we these engravers: Rogers, Christopher Switzer, and Cure."
Eliza Triumphans (1589), British Library
Elizabeth I as Rosa Electa, Bodleian Library
The discription of the Islandes and Castle of Mozambique (1598), British Museum
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex (1598–1600), British Museum
George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland (1595–1600), British Museum
Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham, (1595-1602)
Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, (1595-1602)
Henricus Borbonius 4 Rex Franciæ et Navarræ Ordin. S. Spiritus Eques Supremus (1602), British Museum
The coats of arms of sixty-eight kingdoms, cities and towns around the world (after 1603), British Museum
- "Rogers, William". Getty Union List of Artist Names. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
- Edmond, Mary. "Rogers, William (i)". Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
- Hind, Arthur M., A History of Engraving and Etching, 136 (quoted)-137, and 378 on Flemish artists in England, Houghton Mifflin Co. 1923 (in USA), reprinted Dover Publications, 1963 ISBN 0-486-20954-7
- "Rosa Electa by William Rogers". Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "The Family of Henry VIII: an Allegory of the Tudor Succession". Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- *Doran, Susan (2003). "Virginity, Divinity and Power: The Portraits of Elizabeth I". The Myth of Elizabeth (PDF). London: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-333-93084-7. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Rogers (engraver).|
- Works by William Rogers in the National Portrait Gallery, London
- British Museum collection database search for William Rogers without quotes, using a date range, and ticking "production information" – 32 images.