William Scarbrough House

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William Scarbrough House
GA Savannah Scarbrough House02.jpg
The front portico of house in 2011
William Scarbrough House is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
William Scarbrough House
William Scarbrough House is located in the US
William Scarbrough House
Location 41 Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd, Savannah, Georgia
Coordinates 32°04′52″N 81°05′50″W / 32.08117°N 81.09727°W / 32.08117; -81.09727Coordinates: 32°04′52″N 81°05′50″W / 32.08117°N 81.09727°W / 32.08117; -81.09727
Built 1818
Architect William Jay
Architectural style Early Republic, Other
Part of Savannah Historic District (Savannah, Georgia) (#66000277)
NRHP Reference # 70000201
Significant dates
Added to NRHP June 22, 1970[1]
Designated NHL November 7, 1973[2]

William Scarbrough House is a historic house at 41 Martin Luther King, Jr., Boulevard in Savannah, Georgia. Built in 1819, and subjected to a number later alterations, it is nationally significant as an early example of Greek Revival architecture, and is one of the few surviving American works of architect William Jay. The house was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1973.[2][3] It is now home to the Ships of the Sea Maritime Museum, and it has largely been restored to an early 19th-century appearance.

The William Scarbrough House was built for one of the principal owners of the SS Savannah, which in 1819 became the first steamship in the world to cross the Atlantic Ocean.[4]

Architecture[edit]

The Scarbrough House is located on the west side of central Savannah, on the west side of Martin Luther King, Jr., Boulevard, between Orange Street and West Bryant Street. It is now set close to the street, its original front yard having been lost due to widening of the road. It is a two story masonry structure, with walls of brick that has been stuccoed and scored to resemble stone blocks. The building is set on a raised basement, and had a low-pitch hip roof over its front section, and another similar roof over the rear section, which housed the ballroom. The roof is obscured by the presence of a low parapet. The entrance consists of a raised platform, accessed by stairs at the sides, above which is a tall single-story portico, supported by four smooth Doric columns. The portico's entablature is continued around the building as a string course. Above the portico is a large semi-round opening with a pair of French doors at the center, providing access to the balcony atop the portico. The interior spaces of the building retain rehabilitated (and in some cases reconstructed) decorative elements from the period of initial construction.[3]

History[edit]

The house was built in 1819 for William Scarbrough, a prominent and successful Savannah merchant and shipowner. It was designed by William Jay, an Englishman who settled in Savannah in 1817, and is credited with a number of high-profile designs in the city, of which this is one of three that survive. The house underwent a number of alterations, including the addition (and later removal during restoration) of a third floor, and was from 1873 to 1962 owned by the city, which housed the West Broad Street Colored School here. The house was then acquired by the Historic Savannah Foundation, which modernized its systems and undertook some restorative steps. The house was turned over to the Telfair Museums in 1990, and in the early 1990s it underwent further rehabilitation and adaptation for use as a museum. In 1994 it was turned over to the Ships of the Sea Maritime Museum.

Ships of the Sea Maritime Museum[edit]

The Ships of the Sea Maritime Museum, founded in 1966, features nine galleries of ship models, maritime paintings and artifacts that reflect Savannah's maritime heritage.[5] Ship models include the SS Savannah (a ship owned by William Scarbrough), HMS Anne, the ship that carried James Oglethorpe and the first settlers of Georgia in 1732, The Wanderer, the last documented ship to bring a cargo of slaves from Africa to the United States in 1858, and RMS Titanic.[6]

The museum also features 2 acres (0.81 ha) of gardens derived from a typical 19th century parlor garden design.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "William Scarbrough House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-30. 
  3. ^ a b Sherry L. Johnson and Mark R. Barnes (April 15, 1998). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: William Scarbrough House / West Broad Street School" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 15 photos, exterior and interior, from 1910s, 1940s, 1949, 1955, 1997, and undated (32 KB)
  4. ^ "Scarbrough House". Ships of the Sea Maritime Museum. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "Ships of the Sea Maritime Museum". Visit Historic Savannah. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "Collection". Ships of the Sea Maritime Museum. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "Ships of the Sea Maritime Museum". Georgia Tourism and Travel. Retrieved 10 April 2015. 

External links[edit]