December 31, 1814|
Kilbarchan, Scotland, United Kingdom
|Died||October 24, 1872
Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, United States
Schouler was born on December 31, 1814 in Kilbarchan, Renfrewshire, Scotland. He immigrated to the United States as a young child. His father had set up a silk print-works establishment on Staten Island and later established a similar business in Arlington, Massachusetts, where Schouler spent most of his childhood.
Journalist and politician
In 1842, Schouler became the owner and editor of the Lowell Courier for the next six years. Also during this time he served as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from Lowell. In 1845, Schouler headed a commission that investigated mill conditions in Lowell and recommended against a proposal to shorten the work day to ten hours. The uproar over Schouler's position led to his defeat in the next election.
Schouler moved to Boston in 1848, where he became part-owner of the Atlas. He also served as a member of the State House from Boston.
Schouler was a delegate at the 1853 Massachusetts State Constitutional Convention, where he expressed the view that corporations were merely devices for people to avoid paying debts.
Return to Massachusetts and the Civil War
In 1858, Schouler moved back to Boston and in 1860 he was appointed Adjutant General of Massachusetts. He remained Adjutant General throughout all of the U.S. Civil War until 1867. In 1864, Schouler brought attention to Lydia Bixby, a Boston widow who lost several sons in the war; leading President Lincoln to write a moving letter of condolence to her.
Schouler later served one term in the Massachusetts State Senate. He also wrote the two volume History of Massachusetts in the Civil War.
Schouler died on October 24, 1872 at his home near Boston.
- David R. Roediger and Philip Sheldon Foner. On Our Own Time: A History of American Labor and the Working Day 1989. p. 56
- "Sarah Bagley Avenges the New England Mill Girls - New England Historical Society". New England Historical Society. 2014-04-19. Retrieved 2016-05-16.
- Eric Foner. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men. p. 22-23
- Bullard, F. Lauriston (1946). Abraham Lincoln and the Widow Bixby. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. pp. 13–28.
- "Gen. William Schouler". Obituary. The New York Times. 25 October 1872. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
- "Schouler, William". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1900.
- Historical Digression account of William Schouler in the Civil War
- New England Historical Society account of Schouler's conflict with Sarah Bagley over mill conditions
- William Schouler at Find a Grave
- History of Massachusetts in the Civil War Vol. I at Internet Archive
Ebenezer W. Stone
|Adjutant General of Massachusetts
1860 - 1867
James A. Cunningham