||This biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (November 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
March 22, 1931
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Other names||Bill Shatner|
|Education||Westhill High School|
|Alma mater||McGill University|
|Occupation||Actor, spokesman, singer, author, producer, director, comedian|
|Home town||Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Quebec, Canada|
William "Bill" Shatner (born March 22, 1931) is a Canadian actor, singer, author, producer, director, spokesman, and comedian.
In his seven decades of television, Shatner became a cultural icon for his portrayal of James T. Kirk, Captain of the USS Enterprise, in the Star Trek franchise, and for his iconic "KHAAAAAAN!" quote. He has written a series of books chronicling his experiences playing Captain Kirk and being a part of Star Trek, and has co-written several novels set in the Star Trek universe. He has written a series of science fiction novels called TekWar, which were adapted for television.
Shatner also played the eponymous veteran police sergeant in T. J. Hooker (1982–86), and then he hosted the reality-based television series, Rescue 911 (1989–96), which won a People's Choice Award for the Favorite New TV Dramatic Series. He has worked as a musician, an author, a director, and a celebrity pitchman. He starred as attorney Denny Crane in the television drama Boston Legal.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Acting career
- 3 Music and spoken-word work
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Awards and honors
- 6 Bibliography
- 7 Filmography
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Shatner was born on March 22, 1931, in the Notre-Dame-de-Grâce neighbourhood of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, the son of Anne (née Garmaise) and Joseph Shatner, a clothing manufacturer. He has two sisters, Joy and Farla. His paternal grandfather, Wolf Schattner, anglicized the family name to "Shatner".
Shatner attended two schools in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Willingdon Elementary School and Westhill High School (NDG, Montreal), and is an alumnus of the Montreal Children's Theatre. He studied Economics at the McGill University Desautels Faculty of Management in Montreal, Canada, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Commerce degree. In June 2011, McGill University awarded him an honorary Doctorate of Letters.
Early stage, film, and television work
After graduating from McGill University in 1952, Shatner became the business manager for the Mountain Playhouse in Montreal before joining the Canadian National Repertory Theatre in Ottawa. Trained as a classical Shakespearean actor,[clarification needed]Shatner began performing at the Stratford Shakespeare Festival in Stratford, Ontario, beginning in 1954. He played a range of roles at the Stratford Festival in productions that included a minor role in the opening scene of a renowned and nationally televised production of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex directed by Tyrone Guthrie, Shakespeare's Henry V, and Marlowe's Tamburlaine the Great, in which Shatner made his Broadway debut in 1956.
In 1954, he was cast as Ranger Bob on The Canadian Howdy Doody Show. Shatner was understudy to Christopher Plummer; the two would later star as adversaries in Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country.
Though his movie debut was in the Canadian film, Butler's Night Off (1951), Shatner's first feature role came in the MGM film The Brothers Karamazov (1958) with Yul Brynner, in which he starred as the youngest of the Karamazov brothers, Alexei. In December 1958, he appeared opposite Ralph Bellamy, playing Roman tax collectors in Bethlehem on the day of Jesus' birth in a vignette of a Hallmark Hall of Fame live television production entitled The Christmas Tree directed by Kirk Browning, which featured in other vignettes such performers as Jessica Tandy, Margaret Hamilton, Bernadette Peters, Richard Thomas, Cyril Ritchard, and Carol Channing. Shatner had a leading role in an Alfred Hitchcock Presents third-season (1957–1958) episode titled "The Glass Eye", one of his first appearances on American television.
In 1959, he received good reviews when he played the role of Lomax in the Broadway production of The World of Suzie Wong. In March 1959, while performing on stage in Suzie Wong, Shatner was also playing detective Archie Goodwin in what would have been television's first Nero Wolfe series, had it not been aborted by CBS after shooting a pilot and a few episodes. He appeared twice as Wayne Gorham in NBC's Outlaws (1960) Western series with Barton MacLane, and then in another Alfred Hitchcock Presents fifth-season episode titled "Mother, may I go out to swim?" In 1961, he starred in the Broadway play A Shot in the Dark with Julie Harris and directed by Harold Clurman. Walter Matthau (who won a Tony Award for his performance) and Gene Saks were also featured in this play. Shatner featured in two episodes of the NBC television series Thriller ("The Grim Reaper" and "The Hungry Glass") and the film The Explosive Generation (1961).
Guthrie had called the young Shatner the Stratford Festival's most promising actor, and he was seen as a peer to contemporaries like Steve McQueen, Paul Newman and Robert Redford. Shatner was not as successful as the others, however, and during the 1960s he "became a working actor who showed up on time, knew his lines, worked cheap and always answered his phone". His motto was "Work equals work", but Shatner's willingness to take any role, no matter how "forgettable", likely hurt his career. He took the lead role in Roger Corman's movie The Intruder (1962) and also appeared in the Stanley Kramer film Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) and two episodes, "Nick of Time" and "Nightmare at 20,000 Feet", of the science fiction anthology series The Twilight Zone. In the 1963–1964 season, he appeared in episodes of two ABC series, Channing and The Outer Limits ("Cold Hands, Warm Heart"). In 1963, he starred in the Family Theater production called "The Soldier" and received credits in other programs of The Psalms series. That same year, he guest starred in Route 66, in the episode, "Build Your Houses with Their Backs to the Sea." In 1964, he guest starred in an episode of the CBS drama The Reporter ("He Stuck in His Thumb"). Also in 1964, he co-starred with Laurence Harvey, Claire Bloom, Paul Newman and Edward G. Robinson in the western film The Outrage.
In 1965, Shatner guest-starred in 12 O'Clock High as Major Curt Brown in the segment "I Am the Enemy" and in The Man from U.N.C.L.E. in an episode that also featured Leonard Nimoy, with whom Shatner would soon be paired in Star Trek. He also starred in the critically acclaimed drama For the People in 1965, as an assistant district attorney, costarring with Jessica Walter. The program lasted for only thirteen episodes. Shatner starred in the 1966 gothic horror film Incubus, the second feature-length movie ever made with all dialogue spoken in Esperanto. He also starred in an episode of Gunsmoke in 1966 as the character Fred Bateman. He appeared as attorney-turned-counterfeiter Brett Skyler in a 1966 episode of The Big Valley, "Time To Kill." In 1967, he starred in the little known film White Comanche starring as two characters: Johnny Moon and his twin brother Notah.
Shatner was cast as Captain James T. Kirk for the second pilot of Star Trek, titled "Where No Man Has Gone Before". He was then contracted to play Kirk for the Star Trek series and held the role from 1966 to 1969. During its original run on NBC, the series pulled in only modest ratings and was cancelled after three seasons. In his role as Kirk, Shatner famously kissed actress Nichelle Nichols (Lt. Uhura) in the November 22, 1968, Star Trek episode, "Plato's Stepchildren". The episode is popularly cited as the first example of a kiss between a white man and a black woman on scripted television in the United States. In 1973, he returned to the role of Captain Kirk, albeit only in voice, in the animated Star Trek series.
After the cancellation of Star Trek in early 1969, Shatner experienced difficulty in finding work in the early 1970s, having become somewhat typecast from his role as Kirk. With very little money and few acting prospects, Shatner lost his home and lived in a truck bed camper in the San Fernando Valley until small roles turned into higher-paying jobs. Shatner refers to this part of his life as "that period", a humbling time during which he would take any odd job, including small party appearances, to support his family.
Shatner again appeared in "schlock" films, such as Corman's Big Bad Mama (1974) and the horror film The Devil's Rain (1975), and the TV movie The Horror at 37,000 Feet, which many fans believe is his worst work. Shatner received good reviews as the lead prosecutor in a 1971 PBS adaptation of Saul Levitt's play The Andersonville Trial. Other television appearances included a starring role in the western-themed secret agent series Barbary Coast during 1975 and 1976, and guest roles on many 1970s series such as The Six Million Dollar Man, Columbo, The Rookies, Kung Fu, Ironside and Mission: Impossible. A martial arts enthusiast, Shatner studied American Kenpo karate under black belt Tom Bleecker (who trained under the founder of American Kenpo Ed Parker). Shatner was an occasional celebrity guest on The $10,000 Pyramid and The $20,000 Pyramid in the 1970s, once appearing opposite Leonard Nimoy in a week-long match-up billed as "Kirk vs. Spock." In a notable 1977 appearance he gave an illegal clue ("you're blessed" for Things That Are Blessed) at the top of the pyramid ($200) which deprived the contestant of a big money win, and reacted strongly, throwing his chair out of the Winner's Circle. Other shows included The Hollywood Squares, Celebrity Bowling, Beat the Clock, Tattletales, Mike Stokey's Stump the Stars and Match Game. Richard Dawson, during an Archive of American Television interview, mentioned that Shatner was Mark Goodson's first choice to host the Family Feud pilot in 1976, but gave the job to Dawson instead. He did a number of television commercials for Ontario-based Loblaws and British Columbia-based SuperValu supermarket chains in the 1970s, and finished the Loblaws ad spots by saying, "At Loblaws, more than the price is right. But, by Gosh, the price is right." He also did a number of television commercials for General Motors, endorsing the Oldsmobile brand, and Promise margarine.
Kirk returns and T. J. Hooker
After its cancellation, Star Trek engendered a cult following during the 1970s from syndicated reruns, and Captain Kirk became a cultural icon. Shatner began appearing at Star Trek conventions organized by Trekkies. In the mid-1970s, Paramount began pre-production for a revised Star Trek television series, tentatively titled Star Trek: Phase II. However, the phenomenal success of Star Wars (1977) led the studio to instead consider developing a Star Trek motion picture. Shatner and the other original Star Trek cast members returned to their roles when Paramount produced Star Trek: The Motion Picture, released in 1979. He played Kirk in the next six Star Trek films, ending with the character's death in Star Trek Generations (1994). Some later appearances in the role are in the movie sequences of the video game Starfleet Academy (1997), briefly for a DirecTV advertisement using footage from Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country running from late summer 2006, and the 2013 Academy Awards, in which he reprised the role for a comedic interlude with host Seth MacFarlane.
Although Trekkies resurrected Star Trek after cancellation, in a 1986 Saturday Night Live sketch about a Star Trek convention, Shatner advised a room full of fans to "get a life". The much-discussed sketch accurately portrayed his feelings about Trekkies, which the actor had previously discussed in interviews. Shatner had been their unwilling subject of adoration for years; as early as April 1968, a group attempted to rip his clothes off as the actor left 30 Rockefeller Plaza, and he stopped attending conventions for more than a decade during the 1970s and 1980s. Shatner also appeared in the film Free Enterprise in 1998, in which he played himself and tried to dispel the Kirk image of himself from the view of the film's two lead characters. He also has found an outlet in spoofing the cavalier, almost superhuman, persona of Captain Kirk in films such as Airplane II: The Sequel (1982) and National Lampoon's Loaded Weapon 1 (1993). In 1994, he starred as the murderer in the Columbo episode "Butterfly in Shades of Grey."
Besides the Star Trek films, Shatner landed a starring role on television as a police officer in T. J. Hooker, which ran from 1982 to 1986. He then hosted the popular dramatic re-enactment series Rescue 911 from 1989 to 1996. During the 1980s Shatner also began directing film and television, directing numerous episodes of T. J. Hooker and the feature film Star Trek V: The Final Frontier.
Subsequent acting and media career
Shatner has enjoyed success with a series of science fiction novels published under his name, though most are widely believed to have been written by uncredited co-writers such as William T. Quick and Ron Goulart. The first, published in 1989, was TekWar, which Shatner claims he developed initially as a screenplay during a Writers Guild strike that delayed production of Star Trek V: The Final Frontier. This popular series of books led to four TekWar television movies, in which Shatner played the role of Walter Bascom, the lead character's boss. A short-lived television series followed, airing on USA Network and Sci-Fi Channel in the United States and CTV in Canada, in which Shatner made several appearances in the Bascom role and directed some of the episodes.
In 1995, a first-person shooter game named William Shatner's TekWar was released, and was the second released game to use the Build engine. He also played as a narrator in the 1995 American documentary film Trinity and Beyond: The Atomic Bomb Movie directed by Peter Kuran. He narrated a television miniseries shot in New Zealand A Twist in the Tale (1998). In the television series 3rd Rock from the Sun, Shatner appeared in several 1999–2000 episodes as the "Big Giant Head", a high-ranking officer from the same alien planet as the Solomon family who becomes a womanizing party-animal on Earth. The role earned Shatner an Emmy Award nomination.
Shatner has appeared in advertisements for many companies and products. In the early 1980s he appeared in print and television ads endorsing the Commodore VIC-20 home computer. Since the late 1990s he has done a series of commercials for the travel web site priceline.com, in which Shatner plays a pompous, fictionalized version of himself. Although he received stock options for the commercials, Shatner says that reports that they are now worth hundreds of millions of dollars are exaggerated. Shatner was also the CEO of the Toronto, Ontario-based C.O.R.E. Digital Pictures, a special effects studio that operated from 1994 to 2010.
In May 1999, Simon & Schuster published Shatner's book, Get a Life!, which details his experiences with Star Trek fandom, anecdotes from Trek conventions, and his interviews with dedicated fans, in particular those who found deeper meaning in the franchise.
Shatner co-starred in the movie Miss Congeniality (2000) as Stan Fields, playing the role of co-host of the Miss United States Pageant alongside future Boston Legal co-star Candice Bergen. He reprised the role in the sequel Miss Congeniality 2: Armed and Fabulous (2004), in which Stan Fields was kidnapped in Las Vegas along with the winner of the pageant of the previous year. (Statner hosted the Miss USA Pageant in 2001 as a real presenter in Gary, Indiana.) In the live-action/animated film Osmosis Jones (2001), he voiced Mayor Phlegmming, the self-centered head of the "City of Frank", a community comprising all the cells and microorganisms of a man's body who is constantly preoccupied with his reelection and his own convenience, even to the detriment of his "city" and constituents. In 2003, Shatner appeared in Brad Paisley's "Celebrity" and "Online" music videos along with Little Jimmy Dickens, Jason Alexander, and Trista Rehn. Shatner also had a supporting role in the comedy DodgeBall: A True Underdog Story (2004), which starred Ben Stiller and Vince Vaughn. Star Trek: Enterprise producer Manny Coto stated in Star Trek Communicator's October 2004 issue that he was preparing a three-episode story arc for Shatner. Shortly thereafter, Enterprise was cancelled.
After David E. Kelley saw Shatner's commercials, he brought Shatner on to the final season of the legal drama The Practice. His Emmy-award winning role, the eccentric but highly capable attorney Denny Crane, was essentially "William Shatner the man . . . playing William Shatner the character playing the character Denny Crane, who was playing the character William Shatner." Shatner took the Crane role to Boston Legal, and won a Golden Globe, an Emmy in 2005, and was nominated again in 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 for his work. With the 2005 Emmy win, Shatner became one of the few actors (along with co-star James Spader as Alan Shore) to win an Emmy Award while playing the same character in two different series. Even rarer, Shatner and Spader each won a second consecutive Emmy while playing the same character in two different series. Shatner remained with the series until its end in 2008.
Shatner made several guest appearances on The Tonight Show with Conan O'Brien, including cameos reciting Sarah Palin's resignation speech, Twitter posts, and autobiography. (Palin herself made a cameo on the show in December 2009, reciting passages from Shatner's autobiography, Up Til' Now in front of Shatner himself.) He has also recited Twitter posts by Levi Johnston, father of Palin's grandson. He also appears in the opening graphics of the occasional feature "In the Year 3000", with his disembodied head floating through space, announcing, "And so we take a cosmic ride into that new millennium; that far off reality that is the year 3000", followed by the tag line, "It's the future, man." He also played the voice of Ozzie the opossum in DreamWorks' 2006 feature Over the Hedge.
In January 2007, Shatner launched a series of daily vlogs on his life called ShatnerVision on the LiveVideo.com website. In 2008, he launched his video blogs on YouTube in a project renamed "The Shatner Project." Shatner also starred as the voice of Don Salmonella Gavone on the 2009 YouTube animated series The Gavones.
Shatner was not "offered or suggested" a role in the 2009 film Star Trek. Director J. J. Abrams said in July 2007 that the production was "desperately trying to figure out a way to put him in" but that to "shove him in ... would be a disaster", an opinion echoed by Shatner in several interviews. At a convention held in 2010, Shatner commented on the film by saying "I've seen that wonderful film." Shatner had invented his own idea about the beginning of Star Trek with his 2007 novel, Star Trek: Academy — Collision Course. His autobiography Up Till Now: The Autobiography was released in 2008. He was assisted in writing it by David Fisher. Shatner has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (for television work) at 6901 Hollywood Boulevard. He also has a star on the Canada's Walk of Fame. Shatner was the first Canadian actor to star in three successful television series on three different major networks (NBC, CBS, and ABC). He also starred in the CBS sitcom $#*! My Dad Says, which is based on the Twitter feed Shit My Dad Says created by Justin Halpern. The series premiered in late 2010 and was canceled May 2011. Shatner is also the host of the interview show Shatner's Raw Nerve on The Biography Channel, and the Discovery Channel television series Weird or What? Also in 2011, Shatner appeared in the episode of Psych titled, "In For a Penny" on the USA Network as the estranged father of Junior Detective Juliet O'Hara (Maggie Lawson). He has signed on to continue the role into the 2012 season.
In 2011, Shatner starred in The Captains, a feature-length documentary which he also wrote and directed. The film follows Shatner as he interviews the other actors who have portrayed starship captains within the Star Trek franchise. Shatner's interviewees included Patrick Stewart, Avery Brooks, Kate Mulgrew, Scott Bakula, and Chris Pine. In the film, Shatner also interviews Christopher Plummer, who is an old friend and colleague from Shatner's days with the Stratford Shakespeare Festival.
In February 2012, Shatner performed in a new one-man show on Broadway, called Shatner's World: We Just Live in It. After a three-week run at the Music Box Theatre, the show toured throughout the United States.
In May 2012, Shatner was the guest presenter on the British satirical television quiz show Have I Got News for You, during which he coined the portmanteau "pensioneer", combining the words "pensioner" and "pioneer".
On July 28, 2012, the premium cable TV channel Epix premiered Get a Life!, a documentary on Star Trek fandom starring Shatner that takes its title from his infamous Saturday Night Live line and his 1999 book on the topic.
On September 25, 2012, Shatner portrayed the home plate umpire in the music video "At Fenway", which was written and recorded by crooner Brian Evans. Evans' work is the first song to be written about Fenway Park to be licensed by Major League Baseball.
On April 24, 2014 he performed for one night only an autobiographical one-man show on Broadway, which was later broadcast in over 700 theaters across Canada, Australia, and the United States. A large portion of the revenue went to charity.
In 2015, he played Mark Twain in an episode of the Canadian historical crime drama series Murdoch Mysteries. Also in 2015, he played Croatoan — main character Audrey Parker's interdimensional, dangerous father — in the last episodes of the fifth and final season of SyFy channel's fantasy series Haven.
Music and spoken-word work
Shatner began his musical career with the spoken-word 1968 album The Transformed Man, delivering exaggerated, interpretive recitations of "Mr. Tambourine Man" and "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds." He performed a reading of the Elton John song "Rocket Man" during the 1978 Science Fiction Film Awards that has been widely parodied. Ben Folds, who has worked with him several times, produced and co-wrote Shatner's well-received second studio album, Has Been, in 2004. His third studio album, Seeking Major Tom, was released on October 11, 2011. The fourth, Ponder the Mystery, was released in October 2013 on Cleopatra Records, produced and composed by musician Billy Sherwood (member of Yes). Shatner also has done a concert tour with CIRCA:, which includes an ex and current member of Yes, Tony Kaye and Billy Sherwood.
Space Shuttle Discovery
Shatner recorded a wake-up call that was played for the crew of STS-133 in the Space Shuttle Discovery on March 7, 2011, its final day docked to the International Space Station. Backed by the musical theme from Star Trek, it featured a voice-over based on his spoken introduction from the series' opening credits: "Space, the final frontier. These have been the voyages of the Space Shuttle Discovery. Her 30-year mission: To seek out new science. To build new outposts. To bring nations together on the final frontier. To boldly go, and do, what no spacecraft has done before."
Shatner dislikes watching himself perform, and says that he has never watched any Star Trek or Boston Legal television episodes nor any of the Star Trek movies except the unedited footage from Star Trek V: The Final Frontier which he directed, although his book Star Trek Memories makes reference to his having re-watched episodes of Star Trek.:201
Shatner has been married four times. His first marriage, to Gloria Rand (née Rabinowitz), produced three daughters: Leslie (b. 1958), Lisabeth (b. 1960), and Melanie (b. 1964). Rand was a Canadian actress. Rand and Shatner married on August 12, 1956, and their honeymoon was in Scotland. Shatner left Rand while he was acting in Star Trek: The Original Series, after which she divorced him in March 1969. The divorce was finalized in 1969.
Shatner's second marriage to Marcy Lafferty (daughter of producer Perry Lafferty) lasted from 1973 to 1996. His third marriage was to Nerine Kidd Shatner, from 1997 until her death in 1999. On August 9, 1999, Shatner returned home around 10 pm to discover Nerine's body at the bottom of their backyard swimming pool. She was 40 years old. An autopsy detected alcohol and Valium (diazepam) in her blood, but the coroner ruled the cause of death as an accidental drowning. The LAPD ruled out foul play, and the case was closed. Speaking to the press shortly after his wife's death, a clearly shaken and emotional Shatner said that she "meant everything" to him, and called her his "beautiful soulmate". Shatner urged the public to support Friendly House, a non-profit organization that helps women re-establish themselves in the community after suffering from alcoholism and drug addiction. He later told Larry King in an interview that "... my wife, whom I loved dearly, and who loved me, was suffering with a disease that we don't like to talk about: alcoholism. And she met a tragic ending because of it." In his 2008 book Up Till Now: The Autobiography, Shatner discusses how Leonard Nimoy helped take Nerine to treatment for her alcoholism. Shatner writes in an excerpt from his book:
Leonard Nimoy's personal experience of alcoholism now came to play a central role in my life and it helped us bond together in a way I never could have imagined in the early days of Star Trek. After Nerine [Kidd] and I had been to dinner with Leonard and Susan Nimoy one evening, Leonard called and said: "Bill, you know she's an alcoholic?" I said I did. I married Nerine in 1997, against the advice of many and my own good sense. But I thought she would give up alcohol for me. We had a celebration in Pasadena, and Leonard was my best man. I woke up about eight o'clock the next morning and Nerine was drunk. She was in rehab for 30 days three different times. Twice she almost drank herself to death. Leonard took Nerine to Alcoholics Anonymous meetings, but she did not want to quit.
In 2000, a Reuters story reported that Shatner was planning to write and direct The Shiva Club, a dark comedy about the grieving process inspired by his wife's death. Shatner's 2004 album Has Been included a spoken-word piece titled "What Have You Done" that describes his anguish upon discovering his wife's body in the pool.
Since 2001, Shatner has been married to Elizabeth Anderson Martin. In 2004, she co-wrote the song "Together" on Shatner's album Has Been.
Relationships with other actors
Shatner first appeared on screen with Leonard Nimoy in 1964, when both actors guest-starred in an episode of The Man from U.N.C.L.E. entitled "The Project Strigas Affair." However, Shatner states in his autobiography that he does not recall meeting Nimoy at that time. As co-stars on Star Trek, they interacted socially both on and off the set. After Star Trek's cancellation in 1969, Shatner and Nimoy reunited in the production of Star Trek: The Animated Series, as well as The $20,000 Pyramid, where "Kirk vs. Spock" appeared on two different tables. Nimoy also guest-starred on T. J. Hooker for a few episodes, a show in which Shatner played the title role.
The 1999 death of Shatner's third wife, Nerine, served to strengthen the friendship of Shatner and Nimoy, as Nimoy had mourned over the loss. Nimoy also appeared alongside Shatner at the TV Land Awards (hosted by John Ritter). Nimoy summarized his four-decade friendship with Shatner by remarking, "Bill's energy was good for my performance, 'cause Spock could be the cool individual, our chemistry was successful, right from the start." Nimoy spoke about their mutual rivalry during the Star Trek years: "Very competitive, sibling rivalry up to here. After the show had been on the air a few weeks and they started getting so much mail for Spock, then the dictum came down from NBC: 'Give us more of that guy, they love that guy, you know?' Well, that can be ... that can be a problem for the leading man who was hired as the star of the show; and suddenly, here's this guy with ears – 'What's this, you know?'" said Nimoy. Shatner has similarly described their Star Trek relationship, stating that they only became close friends while attending fan conventions together. On an episode of the A&E series Biography, Nimoy remarked, "Bill Shatner hogging the stage? No. Not the Bill Shatner I know." When Nimoy died in 2015, Shatner stated "I loved him like a brother. We will all miss his humor, his talent, and his capacity to love." Although Shatner was unable to attend Nimoy's funeral due to other commitments, his daughters attended in his place, and Shatner created his own online memorial for Nimoy.
As Shatner was about to make a comeback to television, just 12 years after the cancelation of Star Trek, though he did an additional 2 films: Star Trek: The Motion Picture, and its spin-off movie, Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, he met a young, unfamiliar actor, dancer and lifelong fan, Adrian Zmed, in 1981, where the two worked together on Shatner's new show, T.J. Hooker. Together, they both developed an on- and off-screen chemistry for the first 4 seasons, before Zmed's departure, when the show moved from ABC to CBS for its final season, all the while, he was hosting Dance Fever. In a 2008 interview with Entertainment Weekly, Zmed was asked if his decades-long friend and mentor, Shatner, was a very, crazy guy: "He’s crazy in terms of practical jokes and things like that. He’s probably the most fun guy you could possibly imagine off-camera. [Cackles] There was one time…You know what a tow-shot is? It’s when they’re filming us and we’re talking in the squad car and there’s actually a truck pulling you and the whole camera crew is on the back of the truck. Well, it got to a point where they didn’t even need to tow us anymore. They just mounted the cameras on the sides of the car, and they just sent us out with a cop in front of us and a cop in back of us. And we would just do all the car shots for maybe two or three episodes, just him and me. We called it 'Shatner-Zmed Productions.' And I had all the sound and the camera switch and everything in my lap and basically, we’d slate it, 'This is Show Number 1242. Scene 14. Take 1,' and we’d do a high-five for the mark. Well, one day, we decided we were gonna play around. We were driving down Sunset Boulevard, and we picked up some ladies of the night. [Laughs] And we put them in the back of the car. We did this whole scene with them, and apparently, Aaron Spelling was not too happy when he saw that in dailies. We weren’t allowed to do that anymore. But we did have a lot of fun together." In a 2015 interview with Carolyn Jacobs, Zmed also said about T.J. Hooker that was supposed to be the starring vehicle for Bill Shatner: "A lot of people don't know that the pilot of T.J. Hooker, was actually a 2 hour TV movie; which was supposed to be a backdoor pilot for it and the original concept of it was that Bill's character [Hooker] was our teacher. There were 10 of us, 10 rookie cops in the pilot episode and it was supposed to be like a Dynasty, like all of our little stories, our girlfriends and our wives and this and that. When it went from the pilot, to getting picked up, as the series, everybody else was 'cut out,' and they put me in the squad car with Bill; and that was about him and me." Adrian also said about Shatner's language off-camera: "We started shooting T.J. Hooker, I suddenly, slowly saw, that Bill does not really speak this way, that he speaks like in certain speech patterns. He really doesn't talk like that, he's a normal human being, who talks like everybody else, and I suddenly realized, when I was doing acting with him, sitting at home, next to him and was getting a close-up and everything and I'm off-camera, standing next to the camera. He's doing it, he's looking at his cue card, while he's saying his lines, and then, the lines run out there, and the lines are on the desk and he looks at them, over there, on the wall. They are on the wall, they're on the wall. He used those words, over there and then, he runs out of words, over there, and then, they're on the floor, over there. And that's how he was searching for his lines, over there and they finally got that switch pattern." He also responded if Shatner was to use teleprompters to know his lines: "Well, no, because you can't look directly into that camera. It's not like you're doing the news; they have to be everywhere, all over the place if he's thinking and he's looking at the desk, he's kind of like in thought, which is what it always was. I can do 1 hour on the "Shatner Story," and what we did in 5 years, I spent 15 hours with Bill in the squad car, I mean, we got to know each other, very well, we've kept each other, by practical jokes." Then, Adrian later said in a 2016 interview with Las Vegas Magazine, about his former TV cop, being a mentor to him: "Yeah, absolutely. I learned so much just watching him. Most of my work was onstage and, like I mentioned before, because I teach the class now, it’s a very different energy on camera than onstage. Instead of reaching the last person 50 rows away from you, you’re reaching someone three feet in front of you, which is really daunting. Three feet in front of you as opposed to 100 feet toward the back of the theater. His camera technique was just incredible. He was so relaxed and all. I learned so much in term of the moment, on how you readjust your energy, how you get efficient with camera technique. And just the stories. When he directed, he would mentor me. I do consider Bill a mentor, no question about it. We had a wonderful relationship and we’re still very good friends." The last thing Zmed added to that: "Oh yeah. He was very helpful in saying, “Be smart with the money that you’re making during TJ Hooker and be smart with the decisions you’re making in terms of your career.” He was just here a couple of years ago with his one-man show at Smith Center. I was sitting there in the third row watching him, and in the five years we were sitting in the squad car, he was creating his one-man show. I could have told you the punchline for every one of those stories that he told. It’s about Bill’s life. His one-man show is about Bill’s life, and I know every one of those stories. I did heed his advice on making good choices."
After Zmed's departure, the two remained close friends. The 1999 death of Shatner's third wife, Nerine, served to strengthen the friendship of Shatner and Zmed, as Zmed had mourned over the loss. In recent years, he has attended William Shatner's One-Man shows, who also has appeared in the Comedy Central special, The Comedy Roast of William Shatner, just weeks after his mentor's 75th birthday, and/or any of the Star Trek conventions.
Shatner has been a friend of actress Heather Locklear since 1982, when the unfamiliar actress began co-starring with him on T. J. Hooker. As she was also appearing in a semi-regular role in another Aaron Spelling production, Dynasty, Locklear was asked by Entertainment Tonight whether this schedule was difficult. She replied "I'd get really nervous and want to be prepared" for Shatner and for the experienced cast of Dynasty. After Hooker ended Shatner helped Locklear get other roles. Locklear supported a grieving Shatner in 1999 when he was mourning the death of his wife, Nerine. In 2005, Locklear appeared in two episodes of Shatner's Boston Legal as Kelly Nolan, an attractive, youthful woman being tried for killing her much older, wealthy husband. Shatner's character is attracted to Nolan and tries to insert himself into her defense.[clarification needed] Locklear was asked how she came to appear on Boston Legal. She explained "I love the show, it's my favorite show; and I sorta kind of said, 'Shouldn't I be William Shatner's illegitimate daughter, or his love interest?'"
For years, Shatner was accused by some of his Star Trek co-stars of being difficult to work with, particularly by George Takei, Walter Koenig and James Doohan, the latter two of whom Shatner acknowledges in his autobiography Star Trek Movie Memories. In the 2004 Star Trek DVD sets, Shatner seemed to have made up with Takei, but their differences continue to resurface. In the 1990s, Shatner made numerous attempts to reconcile with Doohan, but was unsuccessful for some time, Doohan being the only former Star Trek co-star refusing to be interviewed by Shatner for his 1993 memoir Star Trek Memories and its 1994 follow-up, Star Trek Movie Memories. However, an Associated Press article published at the time of Doohan's final convention appearance in late August 2004 stated that Doohan, already suffering from severe health problems, had forgiven Shatner and they had mended their relationship. At a convention directly preceding Doohan's last one, Sky Conway, the convention's head, stated, "At our show: 'The Great Bird of the Galaxy' in El Paso Texas in November 2003, a celebration of Gene Roddenberry and Star Trek, Bill and Jimmy went on stage together. Behind the scenes and before they went on stage, they hugged each other, apologized and expressed their love and admiration for each other. Bill specifically asked me to get them together so he could make amends and clear the air between the two of them before it was too late."
Shatner suffers from tinnitus, which he has speculated might be the result of a pyrotechnical accident on set while shooting the Star Trek episode "Arena" – though he did not begin to suffer symptoms until the early 1990s, more than twenty years after the incident. Shatner is involved in the American Tinnitus Association. His treatment for this condition involved wearing a small electronic device that generated a low-level, broadband sound (white noise) that "helped his brain put the tinnitus in the background" – a process known as habituation. Leonard Nimoy also suffered the same condition as a result of the same accident. They suffered the condition in opposite ears.
Hobbies and charity work
In 2006, Shatner sold his kidney stone for US$25,000 to GoldenPalace.com. In an appearance on The View on May 16, 2006, Shatner said the $25,000 and an additional $20,000 raised from the cast and crew of Boston Legal paid for the building of a house by Habitat for Humanity.
In his spare time, Shatner enjoys breeding and showing American Saddlebreds and Quarter Horses. Shatner rode one of his own horses, a mare named Great Belles of Fire, in Star Trek Generations. Shatner has a 360-acre (150 ha) farm near Versailles, Kentucky, named Belle Reve Farm (from the French beau rève, "Beautiful Dream"—Belle Reve was the name of Blanche Dubois' and her sister Stella's family home in A Streetcar Named Desire), where he raises American Saddlebreds. Three of his notable horses include Call Me Ringo, Revival, and Sultan's Great Day. The farm's activities help benefit the Central Kentucky Riding for Hope "Horses For Heroes" program. Shatner also plays on the World Poker Tour in the Hollywood Home Games, where celebrities play for their favorite charities. Since 1990, he has been a leading force behind the Hollywood Charity Horse Show, which raises money for children's charities.
In 2017, Shatner will host as 'captain' of the maiden voyage of a Star Trek-themed cruise entitled "Star Trek: The Cruise". The cruise is the first licensed by CBS Productions to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the show.
Awards and honors
- Two-time Saturn Award winner
- Two-time Golden Raspberry Award winner
- Two-time Emmy Award winner
- 2005 Golden Globe Award winner
- 2009 Prism Award winner
- 2009: Streamy Award - Best Reality Web Series.
- Television Hall of Fame inductee (class of 2006).
- 2011 Governor General's Performing Arts Award
- 2011: Honorary doctorate of Letters from McGill University, his alma mater.
- 2014: NASA Distinguished Public Service medal - highest award NASA gives a non-government employee."
- Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
- Star on Canada's Walk of Fame
- 2015 VoiceArts® Icon Award. Voice Arts Awards 
- The TekWar series, co-written with Ron Goulart
- TekWar (1989) ISBN 0-399-13495-6
- TekLords (1991) ISBN 0-399-13616-9
- TekLab (1991) ISBN 0-399-13736-X
- Tek Vengeance (1993) ISBN 0-399-13788-2
- Tek Secret (1993) ISBN 0-399-13892-7
- Tek Power (1994) ISBN 0-399-13997-4
- Tek Money (1995) ISBN 0-399-14109-X
- Tek Kill (1996) ISBN 0-399-14202-9
- Tek Net (1997) ISBN 0-399-14339-4
- Star Trek series, with Judith and Garfield Reeves-Stevens
- Star Trek: The Ashes of Eden, 1995, ISBN 0-671-52035-0
- Star Trek: The Return, 1996, ISBN 0-671-52610-3
- Star Trek: Avenger, 1997, ISBN 0-671-55132-9
- Star Trek: Spectre, 1998, ISBN 0-671-00878-1
- Star Trek: Dark Victory, 1999, ISBN 0-671-00882-X
- Star Trek: Preserver, 2000, ISBN 0-671-02125-7
- Star Trek: Captain's Peril, 2002, ISBN 0-7434-4819-7
- Star Trek: Captain's Blood, 2003, ISBN 0-671-02129-X
- Star Trek: Captain's Glory, 2006, ISBN 0-7434-5343-3
- Star Trek: The Academy—Collision Course, 2007 ISBN 1-4165-0396-X
- War series
- Quest for Tomorrow series
- Believe (with Michael Tobias), 1992, ISBN 978-0-425-13296-8
- Comic book adaptations
- Captain's Log: William Shatner's Personal Account of the Making of "Star Trek V: The Final Frontier", as told by Lisabeth Shatner, 1989, ISBN 0-671-68652-6
- Star Trek Memories, with Chris Kreski, 1993, ISBN 0-06-017734-9
- Star Trek Movie Memories, with Chris Kreski, 1994, ISBN 0-06-017617-2
- Get a Life!, with Chris Kreski, 1999, ISBN 0-671-02131-1
- Star Trek: I'm Working on That: A Trek from Science Fiction to Science Fact, with Chip Walker, 2002, ISBN 0-671-04737-X
- Up Till Now: The Autobiography, with David Fisher, 2008, ISBN 0-283-07058-7
- Shatner Rules, with Chris Regan, 2011, ISBN 0-525-95251-9
- Leonard: My Fifty-Year Friendship with a Remarkable Man, with David Fisher, 2016, ISBN 0-316-38837-8
Shatner has been in over 20 films and 30 television shows along with video games and commercials.
- In a 2012 tweet from his official Twitter account, Shatner corrected "several" websites by stating that he has no middle name.
- Shatner, William [WilliamShatner] (October 29, 2012). "For some reason several sites (Wikipedia, IMDB...) have my name as William Alan Shatner. I don't have a middle name. Can we get it corrected" (Tweet). Retrieved April 26, 2016.
- 'KHAAAAAAN!' Star Trek's William Shatner pays tribute to new Mayor of London with iconic Captain Kirk movie moment, Mirror
- Walton, James (June 28, 2008). "More William Shatner than Captain Kirk". The Daily Telegraph (Book review) (London: Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- "William Shatner Biography (1931–)". Film Reference. Hinsdale, IL: Advameg, Inc. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- "Social Notes – Montreal". Canadian Jewish Review (Montreal, Canada). November 2, 1951. p. 2. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- Shatner, William (October 2011). "Shatner Rules". Penguin Group (USA) Inc. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- Dickter, Adam (May 28, 2008). "Captain of Industry". The Jewish Week (New York). Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- Shatner, William; Fisher, David (2008). Up Till Now: The Autobiography (1st ed.). London: Sidgwick & Jackson. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-283-07058-7. LCCN 2008006234. OCLC 444341798.
- Eden, Ami (April 18, 2008). "Beam me up, Moses: William Shatner album tells Exodus story in spoken word, song". jweekly.com (San Francisco Jewish Community Publications Inc.). Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- Horowitz, Daniel. "William Shatner: Horses Make Miracles". Hillel.org (Blog). Hillel: The Foundation for Jewish Campus Life. Retrieved 2009-09-13. Reprint of article from Lifestyles Magazine.
- "Twitter". Twitter.com.
- Greenaway, Kathryn (October 3, 2009). "Reunion honours 75th anniversary of Montreal Children's Theatre". The Gazette (Montreal, Canada: Postmedia Network). Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- Hustak, Alan. "William Shatner". In Wise, Wyndham. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
- "Capt. Kirk is now Dr. Shatner with McGill degree". Montreal, Canada: CBC News. The Canadian Press. June 2, 2011. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- Jordan, Pat (September 5, 2010). "The Many Iterations of William Shatner". The New York Times Magazine: MM24. Retrieved 2010-09-04.
- Shatner, William; Fisher, David (2008). Up Till Now: The Autobiography (1st ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-312-37265-1. LCCN 2008006234. OCLC 192045752.
- "Two Stage Actors Signed by C.B.S.-TV: Kasznar and Shatner to Play in 'Nero Wolfe' Pilot Film — 'Telephone Hour' Plans". The New York Times. March 14, 1959. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- William Shatner at the Internet Movie Database
- Molloy, Tim (April 27, 2009). "Shattered TV Taboos: How Bea Arthur and Others Broke Barriers". TVGuide.com. San Francisco, CA: CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2011-08-31.
- Malik, Tariq (September 7, 2006). "After 40 Years, Star Trek 'Won't Die'". Space.com. TechMediaNetwork. Retrieved 2011-08-31.
- Sparborth, Christian Höhne (September 5, 2001). "Nichols Talks First Inter-Racial Kiss". TrekToday. Utrecht, Netherlands: Christian Höhne Sparborth. Retrieved 2011-08-31.
- Shatner, William (May 11, 2008). "In bed with Captain Kirk … William Shatner tells of his 40-year Star Trek". Mail Online (London: Associated Newspapers Ltd). Retrieved 2011-10-14.
- on YouTube
- "Richard Dawson on the beginnings of Family Feud".
- Barrie, Hale (April 26, 1975). "Believing in Captain Kirk". Calgary Herald. p. 10. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Kricfalusi, John. John K Interview. TVparty!. Interview with Zachary Houle (Greensboro, NC: William Ingram). Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- Hern, Lee (April 11, 1975). "'Star Trek' fans still enthusiastic". Boca Raton News. King Features Syndicate. Retrieved 2011-03-22.
- Jenkins, Henry (1992). Textual Poachers: Television Fans & Participatory Culture. New York: Routledge. pp. 9–13. ISBN 0-415-90572-9. LCCN 92019400. OCLC 26055104. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Lowry, Cynthia (March 29, 1968). "TV Fans Save Space Ship Enterprise From Mothballs". Florence Times—Tri-Cities Daily (Florence, AL: Tri-Cities Newspapers, Inc.). Associated Press. p. 15. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Martin, Sue (September 7, 1986). "Star Trek: Five-Year Mission Turns Into 20". San Francisco Chronicle. p. 49.
- Svetkey, Benjamin (January 15, 1993). "I'm Typing as Fast as I Can". Entertainment Weekly (New York: Time division of Time Warner) (153). Retrieved 2012-03-07. Goulart described his role on the "TekWar" books as that of "adviser", though Shatner also credits him with doing rewrites and generally playing a more active role.
- Gross, Edward. "Designing Tek World". RetroVision. Archived from the original on February 27, 2009. Retrieved 2011-04-02.
- "William Shatner". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Elber, Lynn (January 19, 2012). "Priceline Kills Off William Shatner's Negotiator (VIDEO)". The Huffington Post (New York: AOL). Associated Press. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Berr, Jonathan (May 5, 2010). "William Shatner Lives Long and Prospers – but Did He Really Make $600 Million?". DailyFinance. Dulles, VA: AOL. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Rose, Charlie (June 17, 2010). "Charlie Rose Talks to William Shatner". Bloomberg Businessweek (New York: Bloomberg L.P.). Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Timm, Jordan (April 7, 2011). "The Ode: Core Digital (1994-2010)". Canadian Business (Toronto, Canada: Rogers Media). Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Meagher, L.D. (July 8, 1999). "Review: Voyage of discovery in Shatner's latest trek". CNN (Atlanta, GA: Turner Broadcasting System). Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- "Channel: ShatnerVision on LiveVideo.com". ShatnerVision. LiveVideo.com. Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-06.
- on YouTube 's channel
- on YouTube
- Leao, Gustavo (October 19, 2007). "William Shatner Answers Rumors, Says He is Not in the New Star Trek Movie". TrekWeb.com. Steve Krutzler. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- "New 'Star Trek' bypasses Shatner". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Associated Press. October 27, 2007. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- "Comic-Con Transcript: 'It was logical!'". StarTrek.com. New York: CBS Studios Inc. July 27, 2007. Archived from the original on August 31, 2007. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Leao, Gustavo (January 3, 2008). "William Shatner on His Vision of Young Kirk and Young Spock". TrekWeb.com. Steve Krutzler. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
- Ender, Chris; Gonzales, Phil (May 19, 2010). "CBS Announces 2010–2011 Primetime Schedule" (Press release). Los Angeles: CBS. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Lackner, Chris (August 30, 2010). "Is William Shatner Weird or What?". The Gazette (Montreal, Canada: Postmedia Network). Postmedia News. Archived from the original on September 1, 2010. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Kelley, Laura (June 15, 2010). "William Shatner Directing THE CAPTAINS, a Documentary About Himself". Collider.com. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Gans, Andrew. "William Shatner's Solo Show Will Play Broadway's Music Box Theatre". Playbill.com. New York: Playbill, Inc. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
- "William Shatner – William Shatner Hosts Satirical Tv News Show". Contactmusic.com. WENN. May 28, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- "William Shatner Sings a Clue to a Story from the Week's News". BBC Comedy. London: BBC. May 28, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- Colunga, Jamie; Bartsch, Erica (June 12, 2012). "EPIX Presents Two Legends on One Stage at Comic-Con: Roger Corman & William Shatner". press.epixhd.com (Press release). New York: Studio 3 Partners. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Golder, Dave (July 11, 2012). "William Shatner's Get A Life Documentary Trailer". SFX. Bath, UK: Future plc. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- "William Shatner plays umpire in 'At Fenway' music video". MassLive.com (MassLive LLC). November 9, 2012. Retrieved 2013-11-16.
- Burnett III, James H. (July 19, 2012). "Brian Evans feels redemption in hit Red Sox song". Boston.com (Boston Globe Electronic Publishing Inc.). Retrieved 2013-11-16.
- Gluck, Robert (April 25, 2014). "From 'Star Trek' to one-man show, William Shatner stays in the limelight". JNS.org (Boston, MA). Retrieved 2014-09-06.
- "Shatner Stars in Murdoch Mysteries Season 9". Broadcaster. June 2, 2015. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- Amanda Kondolojy (November 21, 2014). "William Shatner joins 'Haven' as Recurring Guest Star". TVBytheNumbers. Retrieved November 21, 2014.
- "'Star Trek' moment for Earth-bound shuttle Discovery". space-travel.com (Gerringong, New South Wales, Australia: SpaceDaily). AFP. March 7, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-09.
- Adams, Stephen (February 8, 2008). "William Shatner 'never watched Star Trek'". The Daily Telegraph (London: Telegraph Media Group). Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Shatner, William (1993). Star Trek Memories ((Reprint edition, April 21, 2009) ed.). It Books. p. 320.
- Adam Dicktor (May 28, 2008). "Captain of Industry". The Jewish Week. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
- "William Shatner". Fyi. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
- The Old Farmer's Almanac 2013. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2012. p. 123. ISBN 0544086929.
- "Shatner, William". Star Trek. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
- "TV Star Divorced After Absences". The Blade (Toledo, OH: The Toledo Blade Company). Associated Press. March 6, 1969. p. 4. Retrieved 2011-05-06.
- William Shatner; David Fisher (2009). Up Till Now: The Autobiography. Macmillan Publishers. p. 135. ISBN 1429937971.
- "William Shatner Biography". The Biography Channel. Retrieved September 6, 2014.
- "William Shatner: Captain Quirk". The Bulletin (ninemsn Pty Ltd). October 3, 2006. Archived from the original on October 27, 2006. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- "Science Fiction News of the Week". Science Fiction Weekly. Archived from the original on March 25, 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- "Shatner takes inspiration from tragedy". The Seattle Times. Reuters. July 4, 2000. p. E2.
- "Together – William Shatner". AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC. Retrieved 2011-10-19.
- "Adrian Zmed: PopWatch 'Teen Idol' Q&A (Part 1 of 4)". EW.com. 2008-12-30. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
- "Adrian Zmed - Actor, Singer - Grease 2, Bachelor Party, T.J. Hooker". JacobsLadderShow.Weebly.com. 2015-10-13. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
- "Q&A: Adrian Zmed". lasvegasmagazine.com. 2016-01-22. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
- Shatner, William (1994). Star Trek Movie Memories (Reprint edition, August 1995). HarperCollins. p. 414.
- Tucker, Reed (July 21, 2014). "40 years later, William Shatner and George Takei still feuding". New York Post. Retrieved 2014-10-11.
- Pascale, Anthony (December 9, 2010). "George Takei: William Shatner Refused To Appear On-Stage With James Doohan At Farewell Con". TrekMovie.com. Retrieved 2014-10-11.
- Thomas, Nick (June 25, 2007). "Easing the torment of tinnitus". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- "William Shatner Passes Kidney Stone To GoldenPalace.com!". GoldenPalaceEvents.com. January 18, 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-05.
- Harris, Moira C. (2006). America's Horses: A Celebration of the Horse Breeds Born in the U.S.A. Photographs by Bob Langrish. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press. pp. 42–43. ISBN 978-1-59228-893-9. LCCN 2003001797. OCLC 76906780.
- "CKRH Home Page". Central Kentucky Riding for Hope. Lexington, KY: Neil Tollner. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- "Hollywood Home Game V". World Poker Tour. Los Angeles: WPT Enterprises, Inc. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- "Welcome to the Hollywood Charity Horse Show". Hollywood Charity Horse Show. Los Angeles: Picture Partners. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Elliott, Tamara (June 3, 2014). "William Shatner beams into role as Calgary Stampede parade marshal". Global News (Toronto, Ontario: Shaw Media). Retrieved 2014-06-14.
- "William Shatner to lead Calgary Stampede Parade". CBC News (Calgary, Canada). June 3, 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Russell Skeet (July 3, 2014). "Shatner "Beams Down" For Stampede (With Video)". Calgary, Canada: highriveronline.com. Retrieved 2015-04-06.
- Lippe, Jordi.'William Shatner to host 'Star Trek' cruise setting sale 2017.', August 18, 2015, Today. http://www.today.com/money/william-shatner-host-star-trek-cruise-setting-sail-2017-t39416, retrieved August 20, 2015
- "Shatner gets Governor General's lifetime achievement award". Toronto Star (Star Media Group). March 3, 2011. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- "William Shatner Sings O Canada" (Requires Adobe Flash). NFB.ca. Saint-Laurent, Canada: National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 2011-05-16.
- Morrow, Adrian (May 6, 2011). "William Shatner to receive honorary degree from McGill University". The Globe and Mail (Toronto, Canada: The Globe and Mail Inc.). Retrieved 2011-05-06.
- Loff, Sarah, ed. (April 28, 2014). "NASA Honors William Shatner With Distinguished Public Service Medal". redOrbit.com (Reprint of NASA news release with same title). Tyler, TX: RedOrbit, Inc. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
- "2nd Annual Voice Arts Awards Announces 2015 Presenters".
- William Shatner and the Fromage Frontier, eight-page interview by Claire Connors, seven photos including cover by Jeff Lipsky. Cheese Connoisseur, summer 2013, cover story, pages 26–33. Published by Phoenix Media Network, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida. Shatner discusses his career, health, current and future projects, and, especially, his appreciation for cheese.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Shatner.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: William Shatner|