William Stirling (physiologist)
Prof William "Billy" Stirling MD FRSE LLD (26 January 1851 in Grangemouth – 1 October 1932 in Manchester), was a Scottish physiologist. He served as professor of physiology and was a founder of the physiology department at the Victoria University of Manchester.
He was born in Grangemouth on 26 January 1851.
He was educated at Dollar Academy, then studied science and medicine at the University of Edinburgh, graduating with academic distinction as DSc (1872) and MD (1875, with gold medal). He then studied at the University of Leipzig under Professor Carl Ludwig, and at Paris under Professor Louis-Antoine Ranvier. Stirling was appointed demonstrator of zoology and, later, of physiology at the University of Edinburgh. In 1877 he became Regius Professor of the Institutes of Medicine in the University of Aberdeen. In the same year he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Sir Joseph Lister, Sir William Turner, John Hutton Balfour and William Rutherford.
Stirling was, upon the resignation of Arthur Gamgee, the Brackenbury Professor of Physiology and Histology at Owens College (in 1904 renamed the Victoria University of Manchester) from 1886 until his retirement in 1919. In the Brackenbury Professorship, he was succeeded by A. V. Hill.
Stirling was in 1902–1913 dean of the medical school of Owens College (renamed Victoria University of Manchester in 1904) and gave many public lectures on medicine and public health. After he became a professor at the University of Aberdeen he no longer did scientific research and concentrated on teaching, administration, and writing. He translated Leonard Landois's Lehrbuch der Physiologie des Menschen in 1884, and wrote Outlines of Practical Physiology (1888) and Outlines of Practical Histology (1890). Stirling was in 1906–1909 Fullerian Professor of Physiology of the Royal Institution, London. He was a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and was elected in 1877 a member of the Physiological Society.
His son, William Stirling, became an ophthalmic surgeon in Manchester.
- A Manual of Human Physiology
- A text-book of practical histology, 1881
- Outlines of practical physiology: being a manual for the physiological laboratory, including chemical and experimental physiology, with reference to practical medicine, 1895
- Some apostles of physiology : being an account of their lives and labours, labours that have contributed to the advancement of the healing art as well as to the prevention of disease. With Frederick Grant Banting, private printing, 1902
- "Stirling, W." Who's Who. 57: 1541. 1905.
- "Papers of William Stirling: collection-level description". ELGAR, The University of Manchester.
- Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.
- O'Connor, W. J. (1991). "Physiology at Manchester". British Physiologists 1885–1914: a biographical dictionary. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 322.
- "William Stirling, M.D., LL.D., D.Sc". Br Med J. 2 (3744): 695–696. 8 Oct 1932. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.3744.695-a. PMC 2521730. PMID 20777104.
Louis Compton Miall
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