William Talbot Aveline

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William Talbot Aveline (1822–1903) was a British geologist and archaeologist.

He was born in Batheaston, Somerset and grew up in Wrington. When he was 18 he became assistant to Henry De la Beche working for the Geological Survey.[1] He undertook field work in the Mendip Hills, Wales, Derbyshire and the Lake District[2].

Aveline's Hole at Burrington Combe in the limestone of the Mendip Hills was named after him in 1860 by his friend and student William Boyd Dawkins.[3]

In 1862 he married Elizabeth Perkins and they had seven children.[3]

The Stockdale Shales were named by Aveline from the beck and hamlet of that name in Longsleddale.[4]

In 1894 he became a fellow of the Geological Society and won the Murchison Medal which is awarded annually by the council of the Geological Society of London.[5]

He died in London in 1903 and was buried in the churchyard of Church of All Saints, Wrington.[3]


  1. ^ BGS Pioneers
  2. ^ Oldroyd, D.R. (2003). Earth, Water, Ice and Fire: No. 25: Two Hundred Years of Geological Research in the English Lake District. Geological Society Publishing House. pp. 39–41. ISBN 978-1-86239-107-9.
  3. ^ a b c Witcombe, Richard (2009). Who was Aveline anyway?: Mendip's Cave Names Explained (2nd ed.). Priddy: Wessex Cave Club. pp. 10–11. ISBN 978-0-9500433-6-4.
  4. ^ Aveline, W. Talbot; Hughes, T. McK. (1888). Memoirs of the Geological Survey. England and Wales. The Geology of the County Around Kendal, Sedbergh, Bowness, and Tebay. Fleet Streed, E.C.: Eyre and Spottiswoode. p. 11.
  5. ^ "Murchison Medal". Geological Society. Retrieved 19 December 2009.