William Thomas Goode
|Died||5 August 1932 (aged 72–73)|
Professor William Thomas Goode, M.A. (1859-1932) was a British academic, linguist and journalist. As special correspondent for The Manchester Guardian, he interviewed Vladimir Lenin in Moscow in 1919. On his return journey from Moscow, he was arrested by Estonian authorities and then detained aboard a British warship. He was active in the Labour Party until his death.
He was Master of Method at Owens College, Manchester from 1891 until his resignation in 1898. For the first two decades of the 20th century, Goode was principal of London County Council's Graystoke Day Training College for Teachers.
His journalism was usually signed W. T. Goode.
In 1919, Goode travelled to and spent a month in Moscow. Near the end of his stay there, he visited The Kremlin, where he was granted a brief interview with Vladimir Lenin. Although Goode was accompanied by a translator, and offered to use German or French, the interview was conducted, by both participants, in English. He had time for just three questions:
- how far did the proposals which William Bullitt took to the 1919–1920 Paris Peace Conference still hold good?
- what was the attitude of the Soviet Republic to the small nations who had split off the Russian Empire and proclaimed their independence?
- what guarantees could be offered against official propaganda among the Western peoples, if by any chance relations with the Soviet Republic were opened?
Lenin answered all three, and made a short statement calling for the publication of the Soviet constitution in the UK and extolling that system's virtues.
While in Moscow, Goode also interviewed several other Soviet leaders, including:
- Georgy Tchitcherin, the People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs
- Nikolay Miliutin, then Associate Commissar for National Economics
- Semyon Sereda, Commissar for Agriculture
- Schmidt, Commissar for Labour
- Grigory Melnichansky, secretary of the Moscow Alliance of Professional Alliance
- Leonid Krasin, Commissar for Transport
- Anatoly Lunacharsky, Commissar for Education and Mikhail Pokrovsky, his deputy
- Lev Kamenev, President of the Soviet, and Dmitry Kursky, Commissar for Justice
- Maxim Litvinoff
- Kliment Timiryazev
Each of those interviews formed a chapter in his subsequent book, Bolshevism at Work.
Return from Moscow
Goode returned from Moscow via Estonia, where he was arrested, as Estonia was at war with the Bolshevik forces in Russia. He later claimed that his arrest was carried out at the behest of the British authorities.
On 4 November 1919, once news of Goode's detentions became known in England, Joseph Kenworthy asked a question about them in the House of Commons. In response, Cecil Harmsworth, the Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, said that Goode had been detained by the Navy only while instructions for what to do with him had been obtained and he had quickly been released. In reply to a follow up question from Kenworthy, Harmsworth said that Goode was not owed an apology.
At Judgment Day, let me stand in the dock with Lenin and Trotsky, and not with one people.
He became president of Tavistock Labour Party in 1927.
He died on 5 August 1932, aged 72, after a period of illness. He was buried at Tavistock New Cemetery. He left an estate of 34,932. Never having married, his sole executor was his nephew, H. J. London.
- Bolshevism at Work. George Allen & Unwin. 1920 – via Internet Archive.
- Schools, Teachers and Scholars in Soviet Russia. London: Williams and Norgate. 1929. (foreword)
- Birth Register, General Register Office, ref: 6D/469
- 1911 United Kingdom census, RG14PN12870 RG78PN743A RD274 SD2 ED8 SN28, Registration District:Kingsbridge. Place: Portlemouth near Salcombe, Devon, William Thomas Goode, visitor, aged 51, born Warwick, Principal of Training College (LCC).
- "Tavistock". Devon and Exeter Gazette. 12 August 1932. page 13, column 6.
- 1881 Census of the United Kingdom, RG11/607/Folio 127, page 75
- Owens College was the forerunner of Victoria University of Manchester, now the University of Manchester
- Hartog, Philip (1900). The Owens College, Manchester (founded 1851); a brief history of the college and description of its various departments. Manchester: J.E. Cornish. p. 82.
- Soviet Russia. Russian Soviet Government Bureau. 27 December 1919. pp. 8–9.
- "Lecture By Professor W. T. Goode, M. A." The Australian Communist. New South Wales, Australia. 1 April 1921. p. 5. Retrieved 8 March 2020 – via Trove.
- Register of Graduates and Holders of Diplomas and Certificates, 1851—1958. Victoria University of Manchester. p. 250.
- Goode, William Thomas (1920). Bolshevism at Work. George Allen & Unwin – via Internet Archive.
- Goode, W. T. (21 May 2011). "1919: Lenin agrees to Guardian interview". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
- "Mr. Goode's Arrest". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). House of Commons. 4 November 1919.
- The Shack:
- "Westcountry Wills: Mr W. T Goode, Tavistock". Western Morning News and Daily Gazette. 4 October 1932. page 3, column 2.
- "Men of mark : Professor W.T. Goode, who lifted the Russian veil". Stead's Review. 19 February 1921. pp. 195–198 +.