William Trent (Trenton)
|Speaker of the New Jersey General Assembly|
1723 – December 25, 1724
|Preceded by||John Johnstone|
|Succeeded by||John Johnstone|
|Member of the New Jersey General Assembly
from the Burlington County district
1721 – December 25, 1724
Serving with Thomas Lambert
|Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court|
November 23, 1723 – December 25, 1724
|Preceded by||David Jamison|
|Succeeded by||Robert Lettis Hooper|
|Died||December 25, 1724
Trenton, New Jersey
|Resting place||Friends' burying-ground, Trenton|
|Children||James, John, Maurice, Mary, Thomas, William|
Trenton, New Jersey
|Religion||Church of England|
William Trent (c. 1653 – December 25, 1724) was a prominent trader and merchant in Pennsylvania and New Jersey around the turn of the 18th century. Little detail is known of his early life, including exactly when he was born. He is believed[weasel words] to have been born in Scotland around 1653.
Early life and education
By 1693, Trent had immigrated with his brother James to the British colonies, and settled in Philadelphia. As a merchant trader, he became quite wealthy, eventually being one of the most affluent men in the city. He had extensive trading interests in furs, goods, and slaves, with contacts/clients in the colonies, Caribbean colonies and England. He owned an interest in more than 40 ships, exporting such products as tobacco, flour and furs while importing wine, rum, molasses and dry goods. He also imported indentured servants from the British Isles, and African and West Indian slaves from Africa and the Caribbean. Trent became one of the wealthiest men in Philadelphia.
Politically active, he was appointed to the Pennsylvania Provincial Council from 1704 to act as an adviser to the governor (the council was similar to the contemporary governor's cabinet). He was appointed to the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. After being elected to the Assembly, Trent was elected as its Speaker.
Marriage and family
Trent was believed[weasel words] to have married Mary Burge (d. 1708) soon after his arrival in Philadelphia. They had four children together: James (named for his father), John, Maurice and Mary.
In 1719, Trent built a country house below the falls of the Delaware River in central New Jersey. He platted a town or settlement around his house, which came to be known as Trent's Town, and later Trenton. It became the state capital. After his move, he became active in New Jersey politics, being elected to its Assembly and appointed as chief justice.
After Trenton was designated as the state capital, the Trent House was used as the governor's mansion for many years.
Legacy and honors
- The William Trent House is on the state and national registers for historic places, and is a National Historic Landmark. It is operated as a house museum in Trenton.
- Overview: The William Trent (d. 1724) Ledger, 1703-1709, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, accessed 20 August 2012
- "Meet William Trent", William Trent House Museum
- The William Trent (d. 1724) Ledger, 1703-1709, Overview and more than 230 pages of entries that cover the breadth of his business interests; it is available for research at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. The ledger has been microfilmed.