William W. Tunnicliffe

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William Warren Tunnicliffe
Born (1922-04-22) April 22, 1922 (age 94)
Washington, D.C., United States
Died September 12, 1996(1996-09-12) (aged 74)
Residence Winchester, Massachusetts
Alma mater
Occupation Engineer

William Warren Tunnicliffe (April 22, 1922 – September 12, 1996) is credited by Charles Goldfarb as being the first person (1967) to articulate the idea of separating the definition of formatting from the structure of content in electronic documents (separation of presentation and content).

In September 1967, during a meeting at the Canadian Government Printing Office, Tunnicliffe gave a presentation on the separation of information content of documents from their format. In the 1970s, Tunnicliffe led the development of a standard called GenCode for the publishing industry and later was the first chair of the International Organization for Standardization.

Tunnicliffe was a member and former chairman of the Printing Industries of America, and held the rank of captain in the US Navy and Navy Reserves until 1982.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Obituary: William W. Tunnicliffe Founded engineering firm; 74". 16 September 1996. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  • The SGML Handbook, Goldfarb, pg 567, on the Generic Coding Concept.

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