William Ware Theiss
|William Ware Theiss|
November 20, 1931|
|Died||December 15, 1992
Los Angeles, California
His film credits as costume designer include Spartacus, Harold and Maude, Bound for Glory, Pete's Dragon (uncredited), Who'll Stop the Rain, Butch and Sundance: The Early Days, The Man with One Red Shoe, and Heart Like a Wheel. His television credits include Star Trek and Star Trek: The Next Generation, for which he won an Emmy Award for Best Costume Design.
In the course of his career, Theiss was most famous for creating alluring female costuming that censors typically could not credibly forbid, employing what came to be called the "Theiss Titillation Theory": "The sexiness of an outfit is directly proportional to the perceived possibility that a vital piece of it might fall off."
Theiss was born in Medford, Massachusetts, the son of Harold Hetherington Theiss and Helen Theiss, and was named for his paternal great-grandfather, William Hodgson, and his paternal great-grandmother's family, Ellen (Ware) Hodgson. He attended Lowell High School in San Francisco. He attended Art Center College of Design at Stanford University, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts, minoring in sciences, biology and chemistry before a four-year stint in the United States Navy. He eventually moved to Los Angeles. His first Hollywood job was as a personal secretary to Cary Grant, whose ex-wife, actress Dyan Cannon, Theiss cited as having considerable influence on his career.
Illness and death
Following six months at Revue/Universal Studios as an apprentice artist in the Advertising Art Department, Theiss worked at CBS in the Wardrobe Department on two televised soap operas. The film The Pink Panther (1963) was his first as a designer, although he is credited as "wardrobe consultant". He returned to television as a wardrobe man for shows including Hollywood Palace, My Favorite Martian, and The Farmer's Daughter. In autumn 1964 he was costume designer for “The World of Ray Bradbury" on stage.
In 1964, he was brought to the attention of Gene Roddenberry by Dorothy Fontana, his friend. Roddenberry then hired Theiss as costume designer for Star Trek. The "Theiss Titillation Theory"—which claims that "the degree to which a costume is considered sexy is directly proportional to how accident-prone it appears to be"—is named after him. A key example of this idea in practice is the female android costume in the Star Trek episode "What Are Little Girls Made Of?" in which the revealing top portion consists only of two crossing straps of material that connect in one piece to trousers, and—Theiss's personal favorite—the gown featured in the episode "Who Mourns for Adonais?": a backless dress in which the front of the dress was held up by the weight of the train which fell over the shoulder to the floor.
In the 1970s and early 1980s, he designed costumes for at least a dozen TV movies, including Genesis II and The B.R.A.T. Patrol, as well as for over a dozen motion pictures, including three Academy Award for Costume Design nominations for 1976's Bound for Glory, 1979's Butch and Sundance: The Early Days, and 1983's Heart Like a Wheel. His final credit was as costume designer for Star Trek: The Next Generation, for which he won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Costume Design for a Series for the episode "The Big Goodbye".
- US Social Security Death Index for W Thiess
- "Emmy Winners Who Got Awards Saturday". Los Angeles Times. August 29, 1988.
- COSTUME DESIGN FOR A SERIES "Outstanding Costume Design for a Series 1989". "Primetime Emmy Awards nominations for 1989". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
- Reeves-Stevens, Judith (Nov 1, 1995). The Art of Star Trek. Simon & Schuster. pp. 28–31. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
- The Hodgson, Ware, & Theiss Genealogy available from Darren McMannis
- "Theis, William Ware "Bill"". StarTrek.com official website. CBS Studios Inc. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
- Solow, Herbert F. and Yvonne Fern (1997). Star Trek Sketchbook The Original Series. Pocket Books. p. 116. ISBN 0-671-00219-8.
- Whitfield, Stephen E. (1968). The Making of Star Trek. Ballantine Books. p. 360. ISBN 978-0-345-23401-8.
- Whitfield, Stephen, and Roddenberry, Gene. The Making of Star Trek (New York: Ballantine Books), 1970. ASIN: B0015HW8N4