William Mackenzie, 1st Baron Amulree
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Amulree
GBE PC KC
|Secretary of State for Air|
14 October 1930 – 5 November 1931
|Prime Minister||Ramsay MacDonald|
|Preceded by||The Lord Thomson|
|Succeeded by||The Marquess of Londonderry|
|Born||19 August 1860|
|Died||5 May 1942(aged 81)|
|Spouse(s)||Lilian Bradbury (d. 1916)|
|Alma mater||University of Edinburgh|
William Warrender Mackenzie, 1st Baron Amulree GBE PC KC (19 August 1860 – 5 May 1942), known as Sir William Mackenzie between 1918 and 1929, was a British barrister, public servant and Labour, later National Labour, politician. He served as Secretary of State for Air under Ramsay MacDonald between 1930 and 1931.
Background and education
Mackenzie published The Overseer's Handbook in 1889 and became a King's Counsel in 1914. He was appointed to the Order of the British Empire as a Commander (CBE) in 1917 and promoted in the same Order to a Knight Commander (KBE) in 1918. The latter year he became Chairman of the Committee on Production, a position he held until 1919. He was then President of the Industrial Court between 1919 and 1926 and Chairman of the National Wages Board for Railways between 1920 and 1926, of the Industrial Delegation to Canada and the USA between 1926 and 1927 and of the Departmental Committee on the Shop Hours Act 1927. He was promoted within the Order of the British Empire to be a Knight Grand Cross (GBE).
In 1929 Mackenzie was raised to the peerage as Baron Amulree, of Strathbraan in the County of Perth. In October 1930 he was appointed Secretary of State for Air in Ramsay MacDonald's second Labour government (succeeding the deceased Lord Thomson), with a seat in the cabinet, and was sworn of the Privy Council at the same time. He was one of the few Labour politicians to follow MacDonald into the National Government, where he retained his post until the reconstruction of the government after the November 1931 general election, although not as a member of the Cabinet.
Lord Amulree married Lilian, daughter of W. H. Bradbury, in 1897. She died at Cheam, Surrey, in June 1916. Amulree died in May 1942, aged 81, and was succeeded in the barony by his son, Basil, who became a distinguished physician.
Styles of address
- 1860-1914: Mr William Mackenzie
- 1914-1917: Mr William Mackenzie KC
- 1917-1918: Mr William Mackenzie CBE KC
- 1918-1926: Sir William Mackenzie KBE KC
- 1926-1929: Sir William Mackenzie GBE KC
- 1929-1930: The Right Honourable The Lord Amulree GBE KC
- 1930-1942: The Right Honourable The Lord Amulree GBE PC KC
The Lord Thomson
|Secretary of State for Air
The Marquess of Londonderry
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|