William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, Viscount Milton

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Viscount Milton

Born27 July 1839
Died17 January 1877
NationalityBritish
Occupation(s)Explorer and Politician
SpouseLaura Maria Theresa Beauclerk
Children4 (including William Wentworth-FitzWilliam, 7th Earl FitzWilliam and Lady Mabel Fitzwilliam)
Parent(s)William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 6th Earl Fitzwilliam
Lady Frances Harriet

William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, Viscount Milton MP (27 July 1839 – 17 January 1877) was a British nobleman, explorer,[1] and Liberal Party politician.

Early life[edit]

Fitzwilliam was the eldest son of William Wentworth-FitzWilliam, 6th Earl FitzWilliam, and his wife Lady Frances Harriet Douglas, daughter of George Douglas, 17th Earl of Morton.

An epileptic, William was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge.[2]

Career[edit]

Arriving in Quebec City in July 1862, Milton and Dr Walter Butler Cheadle traveled across the North American continent, wintering near Fort Carlton. After a challenging and at times humorous summer they reached Victoria, BC. Together with Butler Cheadle, he traveled up the Athabasca River and in 1863 they became the first "tourists" to travel through the Yellowhead Pass.

The Assiniboine Rescues Bucephalus, a Mintons plate with a scene from The North-West Passage by Land

They later co-authored "The North-West Passage by Land"[3] and " Voyage de l'Atlantique au Pacifique, à travers le Canada",[4] which described their expedition in considerable detail.

Following his adventure in Canada, Milton entered politics and became one of the youngest members of the House of Commons. He represented the West Riding of Yorkshire South between 1865 and 1872.

Marriage and issue[edit]

On 10 August 1867, in London, Lord Milton married his third cousin Laura Maria Theresa Beauclerk (1849–1886), daughter of Lord Charles Beauclerk (a son of the 8th Duke of St Albans). They were both descended from William Ponsonby, 2nd Earl of Bessborough, whose daughters were Charlotte Fitzwilliam, Countess Fitzwilliam and Catherine Beauclerk, Duchess of St Albans. They had one son and three daughters;

  • Lady Laura Mary Wentworth-Wentworth-Fitzwilliam (1869–1936), who married Maj. George Sholto Douglas (a grandson of the 17th Earl of Morton) in 1889. They had 5 children:
    • Margaret Laura Douglas (d. 1933)
    • Katharine Charlotte Douglas (1898–1982), who married Henry Walter Houldsworth in 1921.[5]
    • Brig. Archibald Sholto George Douglas (1896–1981)
    • David Sholto William Douglas (b. 1899)
    • Lt.-Col. John Sholto Henry Douglas (1903–1960)
  • Lady Mabel Florence Harriett Wentworth-Fitzwilliam (1870–1951), who married Lt.-Col. William Mackenzie Smith in 1899.
  • William Charles de Meuron Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 7th Earl Fitzwilliam (1872–1943) married Lady Maud Dundas, daughter of 1st Marquess of Zetland (d.1967)
  • Lady Theresa Evelyn Vilunza Wentworth-Fitzwilliam (1875–1963), who married Lt.-Col. Alan Francis Fletcher in 1908. They had 2 children:
    • Violet Myrtle Fletcher (b. 1909)
    • Crystal Fletcher (b. 1920)[5]

Viscount Milton died on 18 January 1877, aged 37, predeceasing his father. Their son succeeded as Earl FitzWilliam in 1902 and on 17 June 1904, the daughters of Lord Milton were granted, by Royal Warrant of Precedence, the rank and precedence of daughters of an earl.[6] His widow died on 30 March 1886 at Wentworth Woodhouse.[5]

Further reading[edit]

Anthony Bevis, "Call the Havenstreet Midwife," Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society, Papers and Records, XLIX (2021), 32-44, about the birth of their son William July 1872 at Pointe de Meuron, now part of the city of Thunder Bay, Ontario.

E. Marion Henderson, "Trousseau treasures of 1872: museum notes,” Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society, Papers and Records, XII (1984), 38-47. Cut-work needle lace (pinto tagliato) doilies made by daughters of Hudson's Bay Company officer John McIntyre and the connection to the Lady Laura (Beauclerk) Milton, wife of William Viscount Milton.[5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Obituary. Lord Milton". Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society. 21: 416–418. 1877.
  2. ^ "Fitzwilliam, the Hon. William Wentworth (Viscount Milton) (FTSN859WW)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ The North-West Passage by Land, William Fitzwilliam Milton, Viscount; Walter B Cheadle, OCLC 4999700 London, Cassell, Petter, and Galpin, 1865
  4. ^ Voyage de l'Atlantique au Pacifique, à travers le Canada, les montagnes Rocheuses et la Colombie anglaise, William Fitzwilliam Milton, Viscount; Walter B Cheadle, ISBN 0-665-13641-2 Paris : Hachette, 1879
  5. ^ a b c d Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage, Privy Council, and Order of Preference. Burke's Peerage Limited. 1963. p. 1731. Retrieved 6 February 2024.
  6. ^ "No. 27443". The London Gazette. 17 June 1902. p. 3976.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for the
West Riding of Yorkshire South

1865–1872
With: Henry Beaumont
Succeeded by