William Wharton (Royal Navy officer)
Sir William Wharton
British Association members of the voyage around Africa 1905. W. Warton in the top row, 6th from right
|Born||2 March 1843|
|Died||29 September 1905 (aged 62)|
Cape Town, South Africa
|Years of service||1857 -|
|Commands held||HMS Shearwater|
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Bath (1897)|
Fellow of the Royal Society (1886)
|Other work||Hydrographer of the Navy|
He joined the Royal Navy in August 1857 and was promoted to lieutenant in 1863. His first surveying work was in HMS Gannet, including work in the Bay of Fundy, where some of the highest tides in the world make surveying challenging. In 1870 he was part of an expedition in HMS Urgent to observe a total eclipse of the sun in Gibraltar. He was promoted to commander in 1872. As captain of Shearwater he carried out extensive surveying the Sea of Marmora and the Bosphorus, as well as in the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean. In the Bosphorus he designed ingenious methods to measure the flow at different levels, showing currents and counter-currents. In 1874, Wharton was involved in preparations for the observations of the first transit of Venus, involving the transport of numerous chronometers to determine the longitude of observation stations in the Indian Ocean. He collaborated with David Gill on this work, who became a lifelong friend, and would later be Astronomer at the Cape of Good Hope.This work established an accurate longitude for the Sechelles, which Wharton would use as a basis for his African surveying work. From 1876, as captain of Fawn he surveyed the seas off East Africa. He was promoted to captain in 1880, and for the next two years worked on his manual Hydrographic Surveying. In 1882 he was appointed to H.M.S. Sylvia for survey work in South America, and observed the second transit of Venus in December 1882. On 1 August 1884 he was appointed to the post of Hydrographer of the Navy, which he held for the next twenty years. In 1895 he was promoted to rear-admiral.
- A Short History of H.M.S. Victory, Gathered from Various Sources, Griffen & Co, Portsmouth. (1872)
- Hydrographical Surveying. A Description of the Means and Methods Employed in Constructing Marine Charts, John Murray, London. (1882)
- Captain Cook's Journal during the First Voyage round the World (Editor) Elliot Stock, London. (1893)
- The Eruption of Krakatoa, and Subsequent Phenomena (Contributor), Trübner & Co, London (1888)
- wikisource:Wharton, William James Lloyd (DNB12)
- "Wharton, Sir William James Lloyd". Who's Who. Vol. 57. 1905. p. 1716.
- A. M. F. (Dec 1905). "Obituary: Admiral Sir W. J. L. Wharton, K. C. B., F. R. S.". The Geographical Journal. Blackwell Publishing on behalf of The Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers). 26 (6): 684–686. JSTOR 1776080.
- Ritchie, G.S. (1967). The Admiralty Chart. London: Hollis & Carter.
- Wharton, J.L. (1872). "Observations on the Currents and Undercurrents of the Dardanelles and Bosphorus". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 21: 387–393.
- Forbes, George (1916). David Gill, man and astronomer ; memoirs of Sir David Gill, K.C.B., H.M. astronomer (1879-1907) at the Cape of Good Hope. Murray: John. p. 68.