William Wharton (author)

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William Wharton
Wharton in 1999
Wharton in 1999
BornAlbert William Du Aime
7 November 1925
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US
Died29 October 2008 (aged 82)
Encinitas, California, US
Pen nameWilliam Wharton
NationalityAmerican
Period1978–2008
GenrePopular fiction
Notable awardsNational Book Award

Albert William Du Aime (7 November 1925 – 29 October 2008), more commonly known by his pen name William Wharton, was an American-born author best known for his first novel Birdy, which was also made into a critically acclaimed film of the same name in 1984.

Biography[edit]

Wharton was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. From "a poor, hard-working, Catholic family",[1] he graduated from Upper Darby High School in 1943, and was inducted into the school's Wall of Fame in 1997. During World War II, Wharton served in the United States Army and was first assigned to an engineering unit. He was transferred to the infantry, and was severely wounded in the Battle of the Bulge. His memoirs included an account of his role in the killing of German prisoners during the war - "War for me, though brief, had been a soul-shaking trauma. I was scared, miserable, and I lost confidence in human beings, especially myself."[1] After his discharge, he attended the University of California, Los Angeles, where he received an undergraduate degree in art and a doctorate in psychology, later teaching art in the Los Angeles Unified School District.[2]

His first novel Birdy was published in 1978 when he was more than 50 years old. Birdy was a critical and popular success and it won the U.S. National Book Award in category First Novel.[3] Alan Parker directed a film version starring Nicolas Cage and Matthew Modine. After the publication of Birdy and through the early 1990s, Wharton published eight novels, including Dad and A Midnight Clear, both of which were also made into films. Dad starred Jack Lemmon and Ethan Hawke in one of his first movie roles. Hawke also starred in A Midnight Clear.

In 1988, Wharton's daughter, Kate, his son-in-law Bill, and their two children, two-year-old Dayiel and eight-month-old Mia, were killed in a 23-car motor vehicle accident near Albany, Oregon, that was caused by smoke generated by grass-burning on nearby farmland. Wharton wrote a (mostly) non-fiction book, Ever After: A Father's True Story (1995), which recounts the incidents leading to the accident, his family's subsequent grief, and the three years which he devoted to pursuing redress in the Oregon court system for the field-burning that caused the accident.[2] Houseboat on the Seine, a memoir, was published in 1996, about Wharton's purchase and renovation of a houseboat.

Wharton gained an enormous and unusual popularity in Poland, where many extra editions of his book as well as visits followed. Eventually, many of Wharton's works were translated and published exclusively in the Polish language (see the Bibliography).[4]

Wharton died on 29 October 2008 in a hospital in Encinitas, California.[2]

Books[edit]

Novels[edit]

  • Birdy. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 1978. ISBN 978-0-394-42569-6.
  • Dad. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 1981. ISBN 978-0-394-51097-2.
  • A Midnight Clear. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 1982. ISBN 978-0-394-51967-8.
  • Scumbler. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 1984. ISBN 978-0-394-53574-6.
  • Pride. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. 1985. ISBN 978-0-394-53636-1.
  • Tidings. New York: Henry Holt and Company. 1987. ISBN 978-0-8050-0532-5.
  • Franky Furbo. New York: Henry Holt and Company. 1989. ISBN 978-0-8050-1120-3.
  • Last Lovers. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux. 1991. ISBN 978-0-374-18389-9.
  • Opowieści z Moulin du Bruit (in Polish). Translated by Kabat-Hyżak, Joanna; Hyżak, Szymon. Poznań: Dom Wydawniczy Rebis. 1997. ISBN 978-83-7120-513-2.
  • Al (in Polish). Translated by Fordoński, Krzysztof. Poznań: Dom Wydawniczy Rebis. 1999. ISBN 978-83-7120-732-7.
    • Ал (in Bulgarian). Translated by Велчев, Васил. Bulgaria: Сиела. 2019. ISBN 978-954-28-2862-4.
  • Tam, gdzie spotykają się wszystkie światy (in Polish). Translated by Batko, Zbigniew. Poznań: Dom Wydawniczy Rebis. 2000. ISBN 978-83-7120-893-5.
    • Отвъд килера (in Bulgarian). Translated by Стоименов, Милко. Bulgaria: Рата. 2007. ISBN 9789549608335.
  • Nigdy, nigdy mnie nie złapiecie (in Polish). Translated by Wietecki, Jacek. Poznań: Dom Wydawniczy Rebis. 2001. ISBN 978-83-7301-031-4.
  • Niedobre miejsce (in Polish). Translated by Kruk, Paweł. Poznań: Dom Wydawniczy Rebis. 2001. ISBN 978-83-7301-110-6.
  • Rubio (in Polish). Translated by Batko, Zbigniew. Poznań: Dom Wydawniczy Rebis. 2003. ISBN 978-83-7301-323-0.

Non-fiction[edit]

Movies based on Wharton's books[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Birdy author's memoirs tell of his part in a war crime". The Observer. London. 19 February 2012. p. 13.
  2. ^ a b c Martin, Douglas (30 October 2008). "William Wharton, Author, Dies at 82". NY Times. Retrieved 31 October 2008.
  3. ^ "National Book Awards – 1980". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 28 February 2012. (With essay by Dorianne Laux from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
    • First novels or first works of fiction were recognized from 1980 to 1985.
  4. ^ "Mass distraction in Poland". The Economist. February 19, 1998. Retrieved August 11, 2019.

External links[edit]

Website: http://wharton-duaime.wixsite.com/williamwharton/

Book you can order: http://www.blurb.com/b/8259743-invitation-into-a-neighborhood (the PDF is on the website)