William Winter (politician)
Winter at the University of Mississippi, c. 1949
|57th Governor of Mississippi|
January 22, 1980 – January 10, 1984
|Preceded by||Cliff Finch|
|Succeeded by||William Allain|
|25th Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi|
January 18, 1972 – January 20, 1976
|Preceded by||Charles Sullivan|
|Succeeded by||Evelyn Gandy|
|Treasurer of Mississippi|
January 21, 1964 – January 16, 1968
|Preceded by||Evelyn Gandy|
|Succeeded by||Evelyn Gandy|
February 21, 1923 |
Grenada, Mississippi, U.S.
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Alma mater||University of Mississippi, Oxford|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1945-1948|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
William Forrest Winter (born February 21, 1923 in Grenada, Mississippi) is an American politician from Mississippi. He served as the 57th Governor of Mississippi from 1980 to 1984 as a Democrat. He is known for his strong support of public education, freedom of information, racial reconciliation, and historic preservation. Winter is best remembered for the passage of the Mississippi Education Reform Act. The law was the first serious attempt at improving state education in over 20 years and established public kindergartens. The Winter administration also successfully rewrote the state public utilities law when the legislature passed the Public Utilities Reform Act.
He is a graduate of the University of Mississippi and the Ole Miss law school, where he served as Editor of the Mississippi Law Journal. During his time at Ole Miss, he was an active member of the Phi Delta Theta fraternity. As a junior class student at Ole Miss, the subject was elected president of the Hermean Literary Society, the Phi Eta Sigma, a scholarly fraternity, and the International Relations Club.
Upon graduating first in his class at Fort Benning, Georgia and receiving his commission as second lieutenant, he was sent to "one of the two African-American infantry training regiments in the Army". During World War II, Winter served in the United States Army infantry in the Philippines where he attained the rank of captain. On Luzon Island in the Philippines, Winter was Liaison Officer and Acting Assistant G-3 of the 86th Infantry Division.
During the Korean War, Winter was stationed at Fort Jackson, South Carolina until he received a hardship discharge in December 1951, soon after his father suffered a heart attack as his mother needed his assistance on the family farm. After the Korean War, Major Winter served in the Mississippi National Guard in the "Dixie Division" or 31st Infantry Division until his retirement in 1957.
Winter first entered politics in 1947. While in law school, Winter was elected to the Mississippi House of Representatives. He was subsequently re-elected in 1951 and 1955. He served as Tax Collector of the State of Mississippi as well as State Treasurer. Beginning as a Trustee of the Mississippi Department of Archives and History in his early days as a representative, Winter served on this agency board and presided throughout his public and private life. Former law firm partner and Jackson Mayor Kane Ditto has replaced Winter as the Chairman of the Mississippi Department of Archives and History Board of Trustees. Winter also served as an ex officio member of the Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission during his term as Lieutenant Governor.
He ran for the Democratic nomination for governor in 1967 as a segregationist although one who wanted to focus on "bread-and-butter issues, not the old emotional ones—not racial issues." He eventually lost the bitterly contested race in the runoff to John Bell Williams. He was then elected to and served as Lieutenant Governor from 1972 to 1976. He again lost the Democratic nomination for governor in 1975 to Cliff Finch. He won the nomination in 1979, having defeated Evelyn Gandy, the departing lieutenant governor, Jim Herring, a later state Republican chairman, and several other intraparty opponents. Winter then handily defeated the Republican nominee Gil Carmichael of Meridian. He served as governor from 1980 to 1984. After finishing his term as governor, he ran unsuccessfully for the United States Senate against the one-term Republican incumbent, Thad Cochran, who still holds the position. During the senatorial contest the African American support for Winter weakened due to state Senator Henry Kirksey's demands that changes be made to at-large municipal election seats, opening records of the Sovereignty Commission, further education reforms to ensure quality education for African Americans, and ending racial gerrymandering in local political districts.
He was a member of President Clinton’s Advisory Board on Race in 1997-1998. The William Winter Institute for Racial Reconciliation on the University of Mississippi's Oxford campus is named in his honor, as is the William F. Winter Professorship in the Department of History.
- Charles C. Bolton. (2013) William F. Winter and the New Mississippi: a biography. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. p.232. ISBN 978-1-61703-787-0
- Ibid p.32
- Baskin, Bethany Lamar. "The Rise of William Forrest Winter" M.A. Thesis. Mississippi State University. 1992. pp. 3-4
- Gibson, Nola Kay Pearson. "A Biography of Governor William F. Winter With Emphasis on his Contributions to Improve Education in Mississippi". PhD University of Mississippi. 1993. p.25.
- Gibson, Nola Kay Pearson. "A Biography of Governor William F. Winter". PhD University of Mississippi. 1993. p.35.
- Saggus, James (22 May 1977) "Sovereignty Files Sealed, Said Secure" Clarion Ledger (Jackson).
- Mississippi: A New Note or Two, TIME Magazine, August 4, 1967
- Atkins, Joe (7 August 1984). "Seeds of black rebellion threaten Democrats, Winter" Jackson Daily News (Jackson).
- "William Winter". Jones Walker. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
- Bolton, Charles C. William F. Winter and the New Mississippi: A Biography. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2013.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: William Winter (politician)|
- NPR: William Winter and the Education of Mississippi
- William Winter Institute for Racial Reconciliation
- Mississippi History Now
- Center for a Better South Interview with William Winter
- The Measure of Our Days Writings of William F. Winter
- William Winter Teacher Scholar Loan
|Treasurer of Mississippi
January 21, 1964–January 16, 1968
|Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi
January 18, 1972–January 20, 1976
|Governor of Mississippi
January 22, 1980–January 10, 1984