William Wood, 1st Baron Hatherley
The Lord Hatherley
|Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain|
9 December 1868 – 15 October 1872
|Prime Minister||William Ewart Gladstone|
|Preceded by||The Lord Cairns|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Selborne|
|Born||29 November 1801|
|Died||10 July 1881 (aged 79)|
|Spouse(s)||Charlotte Moor (d. 1878)|
|Alma mater||University of Geneva |
Trinity College, Cambridge
William Page Wood, 1st Baron Hatherley, PC (29 November 1801 – 10 July 1881) was a British lawyer and statesman who served as a Liberal Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain between 1868 and 1872 in William Ewart Gladstone's first ministry.
Background and education
Wood was born in London, the second son of Sir Matthew Wood, 1st Baronet, a London alderman and Lord Mayor who became famous for befriending Queen Caroline and braving George IV. Sir Evelyn Wood and Katharine O'Shea were his nephew and niece respectively.
He was educated at Winchester, from which he was expelled after a revolt against the headmaster, Woodbridge School, Geneva University, and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he became a fellow after being 24th wrangler in 1824.
Legal and political career
Wood entered Lincoln's Inn, and was called to the Bar in 1824, studying conveyancing in John Tyrrell's chambers. He soon obtained a good practice as an equity draughtsman and before parliamentary committees. In 1845 he became a Queen's Counsel, and in 1847 was elected to parliament for the city of Oxford as a Liberal. In 1849 he was appointed Vice-Chancellor of the County Palatine of Lancaster, and in 1851 was made Solicitor General for England and Wales and knighted, vacating the former position in 1852. When his party returned to power in 1853, he was raised to the bench as a Vice-Chancellor.
In 1868 he was made a Lord Justice of Appeal, but before the end of the year was selected by Gladstone to be Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain and was raised to the peerage as Baron Hatherley, of Down Hatherley in the County of Gloucester. He retired in 1872 owing to failing eyesight, but sat occasionally as a law lord.
Wood married Charlotte, daughter of Edward Moor, in 1830. They had no children. Charlotte's death in 1878 was a great blow to Wood, from which he never recovered, and he died in London on 10 July 1881, aged 79. Both are buried in the churchyard in Great Bealings, where Charlotte's brother was rector. The title became extinct on his death.
- thepeerage.com William Page Wood, 1st and last Baron Hatherley
- "Wood, William Page (WT820WP)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "No. 21201". The London Gazette. 18 April 1851. p. 1045.
- "No. 23449". The London Gazette. 11 December 1868. p. 6591.
- COURT OF APPEAL IN CHANCERY – PILCHER v. RAWLINS.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Wood, 1st Baron Hatherley.|
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- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by William Wood
- Portraits of William Page Wood, Baron Hatherley at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Oxford
With: James Langston
Sir Alexander Cockburn, Bt
| Solicitor General
Sir Fitzroy Kelly
Sir John Stuart
| Vice-Chancellor of the High Court
Sir Richard Malins
The Lord Cairns
| Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
The Lord Selborne
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baron Hatherley