|Archbishop of York|
|Elected||2 May 1340|
|Term ended||19 July 1352|
|Other posts||Dean of York|
|Consecration||7 July 1342|
by Pope Clement VI
|Died||19 July 1352|
Cawood Palace, Yorkshire
|Coat of arms|
Zouche served as a royal chaplain before entering the treasury and was appointed Keeper of the Wardrobe from 1329 to 1334, Controller of the Wardrobe from 1334 to 1335 and Lord Privy Seal from 1335 to 1337.:94 In 1337 he was promoted as Lord Treasurer, a post which he held until March 1338, and then once more was Lord Treasurer from December 1338 to May 1340.:104
Upon the death of Archbishop Melton of York, King Edward III wanted his secretary, William de Kildesby (of Kilsby) elected to the post. However, the Canons of York elected Zouche, their Dean, on 2 May 1340.:282 The king endeavoured to set aside the election, but without effect, and, after a delay of two years, Zouche was consecrated at Avignon by Pope Clement VI on 7 July 1342.:282
Zouche had been in the employ of Edward III before his elevation to the see, but had fallen into disfavour. He was not forgiven until the year 1346, when he was appointed a Warden of the Marches. In this capacity, he led one of the bodies of English troops which defeated the Scots at the Battle of Neville's Cross, close to Durham, on 18 October 1346. The King was extremely thankful and Archbishop Zouche was asked to continue his careful watch over the Scots border.
While archbishop, the plague known as the Black Death spread throughout England and his province, so Zouche had to take action in 1349 to ensure extra burial grounds were consecrated and get approval from the pope to ordain replacement clergy.:401–402
Zouche died on 19 July 1352:282 at Cawood Palace and was buried before the altar of St Edward in the nave of York Minster. He founded, and himself began the building of, a chantry adjoining the south wall of the choir. This appears to have been taken down when Thoresby's choir (wider than the old one) was built and no trace of it remains.
- Bennett, Nicholas (2004). "Zouche, William (d. 1352)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30303. Retrieved 5 November 2013. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd ed.). Cambridge: University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-56350-5.
- Horn, Joyce M., ed. (1964). "Archdeacons: Barnstaple". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300–1541. 9, Exeter Diocese (Online ed.). London: Institute of Historical Research. pp. 19–21. Retrieved 22 February 2015 – via British History Online.
- Horn, Joyce M., ed. (1964). "Archdeacons: Exeter". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300–1541. 9, Exeter Diocese (Online ed.). London: Institute of Historical Research. pp. 12–15. Retrieved 22 February 2015 – via British History Online.
- Waugh, Scott L. (2004). "Kilsby, William (d. 1346)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/50146. Retrieved 22 February 2015. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Raine, James (ed) (1873). Historical Letters and Papers from the Northern Registers.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
- King, Richard John (1869). Handbook to the Cathedrals of England. Vol. 1, Part 2. London: John Murray.
| Lord Privy Seal
| Lord High Treasurer
| Lord High Treasurer
|Catholic Church titles|
| Archbishop of York
John of Thoresby