William de Raley
|William de Raley|
|Bishop of Winchester|
|Appointed||1 September 1242|
|Predecessor||Peter des Roches|
|Successor||Aymer de Valence|
|Other posts||Bishop-elect of Coventry and Lichfield
Bishop of Norwich
|Died||before 1 September 1250|
|Buried||1 September 1250|
William de Raley (or William de Ralegh or William Raleigh; died 1250) was a medieval judge, administrator and bishop.
In 1212 Raley was presented with the church of Bratton Fleming, with his occupation being described as "clerk". He is known to have served as a clerk of the bench in 1214, and again from 1219 to 1229. From 1225 to 1229 he was the personal clerk of Martin of Pattishall, with whom he travelled the Eyre in the north between 1226 and 1227, where he acted as a commissioner for the assessment of Tallage. He became justice of the bench in 1229 following Pattishall's retirement, with Roger of Thirkleby being appointed as his clerk in 1231.
Raley took part in an Eyre in Middlesex in 1229, and seven more Eyres elsewhere between 1232 and 1233. In 1233 he was made Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, a position he held until 1234 when he was appointed to the more senior position of Chief Justice of the King's Bench, becoming the most senior of the King's judges after the title of Justiciar, which was allowed to lapse.
Raley was a trusted royal councillor as well as a judge, and between 1236 and 1239 was one of the King's chief advisors, being responsible for part of the Statute of Merton in 1236, as well as other legal reforms. In February 1239 he was elected Bishop of Coventry and Bishop of Lichfield, which he declined. He was elected to the see of Norwich on 10 April, which he then accepted.
Raley died shortly before 1 September 1250, the date he was buried.
- Fryde et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 261
- Pegues "Clericus in Legal Administration" English Historical Review p. 543
- Pegues "Clericus in Legal Administration" English Historical Review p. 544
- Crook "Raleigh, William of" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
- Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 276
- Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: volume 2: Monastic cathedrals (northern and southern provinces): Winchester: Bishops
- Crook, David (2004). "Raleigh, William of (d. 1250)" ((subscription or UK public library membership required)). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (January 2008 revised ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/23042.
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
- Greenway, Diana E. (1971). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: volume 2: Monastic cathedrals (northern and southern provinces): Winchester: Bishops. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 29 October 2007.
- Pegues, Frank (October 1956). "The Clericus in the Legal Administration of Thirteenth-Century England". The English Historical Review. 71 (281): 529–559. doi:10.1093/ehr/LXXI.281.529. JSTOR 556837.
Thomas of Moulton
|Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
Thomas of Moulton
|Catholic Church titles|
Alexander de Stavenby
|Bishop-elect of Coventry and Lichfield
Simon of Elmham
|Bishop of Norwich
Peter des Roches
|Bishop of Winchester
Aymer de Valence