|Constructor||Williams Grand Prix Engineering|
|Suspension (front)||Lower wishbones and inboard springs|
|Suspension (rear)||Lower wishbones and inboard springs|
|Engine||Ford-Cosworth DFV 2,993 cc (182.6 cu in) V8 naturally aspirated mid-mounted|
|Transmission||1979: Hewland FGB 5-speed manual |
1980-1982: Hewland FGA 400 5-speed manual
|Weight||1979: 579 kg |
1980: 585 kg
1981-1982: 540 kg
|Tyres||Goodyear (1979-1982) |
|Notable drivers|| Alan Jones,|
Emilio de Villota
|Debut||1979 Spanish Grand Prix|
|Constructors' Championships||2 (1980 & 1981)|
|Drivers' Championships||1 (Alan Jones, 1980)|
The Williams FW07 was a ground effect Formula One racing car designed by Patrick Head, Frank Dernie, and Neil Oatley for the 1979 F1 season. It was closely based on the Lotus 79, even being developed in the same wind tunnel at Imperial College London. Some observers, among them Lotus aerodynamicist Peter Wright felt the FW07 was little more than a re-engineered Lotus 79. The car was small and simple and extremely light, powered by the ubiquitous Ford Cosworth DFV. It had very clean lines and seemed to be a strong challenger for the new season, but early reliability problems halted any serious threat for the title. While not the first to use ground effects in Formula One, an honour belonging to Colin Chapman and the Lotus 78 (the Lotus 79's predecessor), Head may have had a better grasp of the principles than even Chapman.
The car made its debut partway through the 1979 season, and served to make Team Williams a contender for perhaps the first time. It was driven by Alan Jones and Clay Regazzoni, who took the Williams team's first win in that year's British Grand Prix, before Jones stepped up and won 4 of the next 5 races with the nimble car. Although they lost out to Ferrari for the world titles in 1979, Williams had established themselves as the team to beat for 1980.
The FW07 became FW07B in 1980, and Regazzoni was replaced by Carlos Reutemann. While the latter and Williams's other driver, Alan Jones, formed a successful partnership, they were not comfortable with each other. Both drivers developed the FW07 further, working especially on setup and suspension strengthening. The car was now so efficient in creating downforce from its ground effect design that the front wings were unnecessary. Jones won five races in Argentina, France, Britain, Canada and Watkins Glen in the USA to win his only world championship, while Reutemann won at a wet race in Monaco. Williams won also their first Constructors' Championship. The main challenge to the FW07 came from Nelson Piquet in Brabham's neat BT49.
The FW07B evolved into the FW07C for 1981, and this time it was Reutemann who challenged Piquet for the championship, narrowly missing out in the final race, but Williams took home the constructors' championship after four more wins. Further work was done to the suspension, especially after the FIA banned the moveable skirts needed for effective ground effect. The hydraulic suspension systems were developed by Jones, who hated the rock hard suspension. During a winter test session at the Paul Ricard Circuit in the south of France, he suggested to Frank Williams that to compensate for the harsh ride and the pounding the driver gets while driving the car that he "put suspension on the seat", which Frank thought was a good idea. However, he then replied that Jones should sit on his wallet. 'Yeah,' drawled the tough Aussie, 'then give me something to put in it!' Jones temporarily left Formula One because of the extremely unpleasant ride the FW07C gave, he later described driving the car as "wrecking the internals".
The FW07D was an experimental six-wheeled test car (4 driven rear wheels, and 2 undriven front wheels) that was tested by Alan Jones on one single occasion at the Donington Park circuit. With the FW07D proving the concept, its unique design was incorporated into the six-wheeled FW08B.
After Jones retired, Williams took on Keke Rosberg in 1982. His mercurial driving seemed to suit the FW07, which although it was now three years old, was still competitive. After 15 wins, 300 points, one drivers' and two constructors' titles the FW07 was replaced by the similarly engineered FW08 from early 1982.
Complete Formula One World Championship results
(key) (results in bold indicate pole position) (results in italics indicate fastest lap)
- Thorson, Thor (July 2010). "1979 Williams FW07 Formula One". Sports Car Market. 22 (7): 60–61.
- Diepraam, Mattijs (2007-11-30). "Poachers turned gamekeepers: how the FOCA became the new FIA. Part 2: Onset – authority and rebellion". 8w.forix. Retrieved 2014-07-06.
- As seen in BBC's 1981 documentary "Gentlemen, lift your skirts..."
- "Flashback: The Williams F1 six-wheeler". YallaF1.com. 2011-03-18. Archived from the original on 2011-03-23. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- "The 'BETA vs VHS' Award". F1 Rejects. Archived from the original on September 26, 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
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